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  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The general objective of the study is to strengthen the strategic framework, to consolidate policies and to support actions aimed at promoting energy security by exploiting Romania’s potential in terms of unconventional gas resources. The specific objectives aim to facilitate the understanding of exploration and exploitation of shale gas processes in Romania and coordinate opportunities in order to meet the energy demand, the environmental and human health risks, taking into consideration the European and international context. The study provides policy analysis, data and carries comprehensive research by addressing the issue of exploitation of natural gas resources, especially the unconventional shale gas. It takes into consideration several issues such as Romania’s need to increase the security of gas supply, concerns to comply with environmental standards and safeguard the populations in areas where exploration and exploitation take place, particularly in relation to maintaining soil and drinking water quality for household consumption and farms. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freizügigkeit ; Rumänen ; Wirkungsanalyse ; EU-Staaten ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: This study contributes to the literature on the competitiveness of Romanian exports with a new perspective over the decade 2001-2011, by overlapping of two complementary analyses: of the export performance dynamics and of the domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers. The analyzed period includes the period of global economic growth (mainly 2003-2007) and the first years of the economic crisis (2009-2011 ). The year 2007, when Romania joined the European Union, is in the middle of the analyzed period. The dynamics of Romania's export performance was assessed through a specific method combining three different research lines(1) changes in the ranking of exported products in the reference years 2001 and 2011, (2) evolution of the performance of key products exported in 2001 and (3) the position in 2001 of key products exported in 2011. The analysis of domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers provides, for the first time for Romania a brief study on the position of the country on the global value chain, following the logic proposed by the European Commission in its last two European Competitiveness Reports (2012 and 2013). When corroborated, the results of the two analyses can be used to discuss the extent to which the current structure of exports contributes to the generation of domestic revenues and as such might prove useful in the debate on the identification of a country brand for Romania. In order to achieve the latter goal, we conducted two detailed case studies on two reference sectors of the Romanian economy: motor vehicles and creative industries. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Performance-Messung ; Einnahmen ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; EU-Binnenmarkt ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Energiemarkt ; Erdgasmarkt ; Deregulierung ; Energiepolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The aim of the study is to offer to decision-makers the necessary data regarding European policies of social inclusion for the Roma, with focus on the practices which have shown a positive impact in the fields of education, employment, housing and health, and to accompany the analysis with policy recommendations for a more efficient and effective action in promoting Roma inclusion. The second chapter, Social Inclusion Policies at the European Level: Mainstreaming versus Targeting offers a brief historical overview of the European policy framework within which social inclusion was conceptualised and its corresponding policies were articulated, along with preoccupations with the situation of the Roma, defined as a European minority subject to centuries-long discrimination. It reminds the reader the definition of „social inclusion” mentioned in European documents and connects the development of the concept and its corresponding social policies to the discourse on the risks of poverty and social exclusion, which can be found already in the 1984 documents of the Council of European Communities. The first part of the chapter presents the emergence and evolution of the Lisbon agenda (2000) and the Open Method of Coordination in the Domain of Social Policies (OMC) that became operational soon after, along with the main indicators aimed to measure the extent and depth of poverty and social exclusion in EU member states, i.e. the Laeken indicators and the currently employed AROPE indicator. It discusses the role of the European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion, launched in 2010 as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable development that fosters social inclusion. The Platform aims to stand for a political commitment of EU member states to promote social innovation and more efficient use of European funds for the objectives of social inclusion. Recently, the European Commission also recommended adding a series of social indicators (i.e. the rate of long term unemployment and the neither-in-work-nor-in-education rate among the youth) in the monitorization of the European common market. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Soziale Integration ; Roma-Bevölkerung ; EU-Politik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The study "Perspectives of the Migration Policy in Romania's Current Demographic Context" belongs to the thematic series of papers dedicated to migration initiated by the European Institute of Romania. If initially the issue of migrations analysed the relationship between the Romanian migrants and the European common space ("Free Movement of People" - 2002, "The Migration Phenomenon in Romania from the Perspective of Romania's Adherence to the European Union" - 2004 and "European Perspectives on Asylum and Migration" - 2008), the new suggested themes sought to expand the migrations' topic. In this respect, after analysing and assessing the effects of external migrations in the context of free movement within the communitary space, the European Institute of Romania (EIR) suggests a new scientific challenge, which is also of public interest, namely the analysis of migrations and the relative policies in the context of profound transformations of demographic structures in Romania. The topicality of this issue is confirmed by the increasing interest shown by numerous representatives of the scientific environment, as well as by experts within public institutions or interested politicians. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Migration ; Freizügigkeit ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Migrationspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The severity of the global financial crisis has highlighted major structural limits not only at the level of credit institutions' risk management strategies, but also in the financial safety net. There were very few rules at the onset of the international financial crisis, to determine the actions to be taken by the authorities in case of distressed banks. Lender of last resort funding by central banks, deposit guarantee schemes and the prudential regulatory framework, as they were before the crisis, failed to stem the propagation of systemic shock that spread to the entire European banking system, after the collapse of Lehman Brothers, in the mid-September 2008. The newly created situation showed that public authorities do not have adequate means to handle the situation of distressed banks on today's globalized markets. When a bank had been under stress, there was the risk of contaminating other financial institutions, including those beyond the borders of a country. During the systemic events, several major banks were in such a situation (Fortis, Lehman Brothers, Icelandic banks, Anglo Irish Bank, Dexia), which indicated that existing mechanisms were not effective, being necessary the design of additional elements, in order to allow a proper management of distressed financial institutions. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanztransaktionssteuer ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Öffentliche Finanzen
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: In this study, we analyse the manner of developing a particular system of coordination of European affairs at national level, as well as its efficiency, the aim being to provide suggestions for improving it. The introductory section highlights the need for such a study, given the current political and institutional context of Romania, and it states the objectives of the study. Special attention is given to presenting the theoretical approach (expressing, on the one hand, the authors' vision that European affairs - distinctly from foreign affairs - are part of the complex governance process specific for the European Union (EU) and, on the other hand, operationalizing the idea of efficiency within a national system for coordinating European affairs, etc.) and the research methodology (reasons for choosing a comparative research design to support the presented arguments, as well as the qualitative research performed). In the first part, the paper also provides information on the legislative and institutional configuration of the EU, following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, because the novelties and reforms brought by this regulatory framework (supperior to the one of the Nice Treaty, but inferior to the proposals stipulated within the Constitutional Treaty) have a direct impact on designing the structure for coordinating European affairs in the Member States. Given that in Romania the European affairs coordination system was initially inspired by the French model, while later suffering a series of institutional changes (some inspired by models from other EU states), an important part of the study addresses the need to know, from a comparative perspective, the best practices in European affairs coordination and cooperation mechanisms in other EU Member States. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Politik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The present study aims, in the first part, to examine the trends evidenced at the level of international trade and extra-community trade flows and, at the same time, the new directions of the EU trade policy in relation with the rest of the world. In the second part, it brings to the forefront the main trends of the Romanian trade as well as the Romanian export competitiveness and ways towards their sustainable development. These issues are analyzed and presented in seven sections, as follows: I. Developments, trends and structural changes in international trade in goods II. Main characteristics of the extra-community trade in goods during 2000-2011. Romania's position in these exchanges III. EU trade policy and its impact on the Romanian foreign trade IV. General directions of the Romanian foreign trade during 2000-2011. Assessment of the Romanian export competitiveness. The role of FDI in promoting exports V. Benchmarking best practices in export support and promotion. Role played by national and international organizations VI. Challenges and perspectives of the Romanian exports VII. Ways towards sustainable export development. Role of the National Export Strategy. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Außenhandel ; EU-Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
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  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Description: The current financial and economic crisis has highlighted the inadequacy of existing institutional and policy arrangements at the EU level. Even before this crisis, the EU economic growth was low, by international standards, revealing deep structural problems across EU countries, especially in the Southern flank. Macroeconomic imbalances have been building up, exposing a stratified EU with divergences in productivity and competitiveness, with rigidity of labour markets, impeding efficient market responses to shocks. The Monetary Union does not have adequate institutional arrangements, which may help it manage a major crisis, such as that of a last-call borrower, depreciation and burden-sharing mechanisms of asymmetric shocks, etc; various sui generis formulas are now being tested. Fiscal reactions vary depending on the level of the debts and on the speed these accumulate; at the same time, these are linked to the size of the budgetary expenditure and fiscal revenues as percentage in the GDP. The sooner the growth picks up, the more acceptable is the downsizing of the certain expenditure and/or the rise of some taxes, so that the ratio between the public debt and the GDP stabilizes (reduces, when it is the case).
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Politik ; EU-Nachbarstaaten ; EU-Staaten ; Mittelmeerraum
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper examines the evolution of the EU's trade in services over the 2004-2008 period in comparison with its trade in goods. It aims to disentangle the main trends shaping the EU's services trade flows under the impact of increasing globalisation and the last two waves of EU enlargement. Relying on BoP trade statistics published by Eurostat and the WTO, it highlights the recent changes in the EU's services flows in terms of dynamics, composition, trade balance as well as patterns of specialisation and integration into the internal and global market. It also reveals the main trends prevailing in the evolution of extra and intra-EU trade flows, and their relevance for the process of economic integration within the EU. The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the discussion of the issues related to services trade in the EU since this topic is focusing to a far lesser extent the attention of current economic literature than trade in goods. Hence, our empirical investigation attempts to find the answers to the following questions: What is the significance of services trade flows for the EU as compared with trade in goods, and which is their role in the global economy? How relevant is trade in services from the perspective of European economic integration? What are the effects of the global financial and economic crisis on the EU's trade in services, and which are its future prospects? Following the answers to these questions, the paper is structured around five sections. The last one summarizes the main findings of the authors.
    Keywords: F14 ; F15 ; L80 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; European Union ; trade in services ; trade in goods ; economic integration ; global financial and economic crisis ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Außenhandel mit Industriegütern ; Internationale Wirtschaft ; Finanzkrise ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Regionale Wirtschaftsintegration ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
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  • 17
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 19
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-08
    Keywords: E24 ; F43 ; H23 ; H52 ; I28 ; I38 ; J21 ; ddc:330 ; Europe ; strategy ; employment ; education ; reforms ; poverty ; greenhouse gas ; school early leaving
    Language: English , Romanian
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  • 20
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper analyses the justifications and stages of the elaboration of impact studies at the European level, focusing on the various working methods, be it 'impact matrix' or the 'logic of intervention', which may be adopted by law-makers, in order to improve the regulation mechanisms in the public administration field and shape up new ways in which they could be used. Attention is paid to the role and the utility of impact assessment in elaborating public policies, as well as to the importance of properly using analysis instruments, with a focus on the obstacles and risks associated to the impact assessment process, by comparing different approaches and working methods, from the European and OECD area. Various evaluation patterns from OECD and the EU are presented, with their peculiarities and challenges involved by their implementation, leading to the conclusion that the European assessment pattern is still far away from providing a universal impact analysis model due to the lack of efficient sanctioning mechanisms. The credibility of an impact assessment largely depends on its results, which means they need to be based on correct and updated information, which is at the same time transparent and easy to access and understand. The role of impact assessment and, by extension, of impact studies is to allow lawmakers to check up whether the implementation of existing regulations observes the established indicators, as well as whether the policy in question had reached its objective.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Politik ; Politische Entscheidung ; Politische Willensbildung ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
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  • 21
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Due to the enlargement of the European Union towards the Central and Eastern Europe, the EU's external policy priorities have changed. Its frontier moving further to the East, it was necessary to adapt, and even reshape the institutional framework and the policies addressing its new immediate neighbourhood. In this context, a European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was put in place. Later on, the ENP consolidation and reform aims led to the setting up and promotion of new initiatives such as the Union for Mediterranean, the Eastern Partnership, which, together with the Black Sea Synergy project, intend to focus more upon the regional and multilateral dimension of the neighbourhood policy, being complementary to the bilateral basics of ENP. Romania has endorsed and continues to support the goal of a secure and stable area in its Eastern neighbourhood, mostly given its increased responsibilities derived from the Member State status at the Eastern border of the Union. An active supporter of the European perspective of the Republic of Moldova, and also a promoter of the regional and cross-border cooperation, Romania has set off a series of cooperation initiatives for the Black Sea area. It will be important to follow to what extent these projects will prove their efficiency in practical terms, especially in the new framework, generous in instruments, work mechanisms and actions, proposed by the European Neighbourhood Policy.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Nachbarstaaten ; Internationale Zusammenarbeit ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
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  • 22
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The underlying rationale in shifting the analytical focus of the competitive development policy rests on the political-economic and socio-cultural characteristics of a habitat that indeterminably amplify or scale down the benefits of economic activities. The permanence of spatial developmental disparities suggests that the strategic directions of any initiative targeting regional competitiveness should follow the lines of (1) maximizing its competitive impact and (2) matching the territorial specificity. According to this perspective, the paper discusses an original theoretical construct and points to graphical representations of operational forms that may configure a policy of territorial development along four co-existent levels: (1) urban fields, (2) clusters, (3) development areas, and (4) disadvantaged areas. The main implication for public policy initiatives resides in smoothing the progress towards building up such a potential for growth.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regionalentwicklung ; Räumliche Verteilung ; Räumlicher Wettbewerb ; Regionalpolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
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  • 23
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Stadtentwicklung ; Rumänien ; EU-Regionalpolitik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
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  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Romanian
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