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  • facet.materialart.
    Toroudshomal Reseach Company
    Online: 1.2013 –
    Publisher: Toroudshomal Reseach Company
    Electronic ISSN: 2345-4954
    Topics: Economics
    Keywords: Allgemeine Wirtschaftswissenschaften
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  • facet.materialart.
    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: This study focuses on the hegemonic ascendancy of neoliberalism encountering contestations and social unrest in Istanbul (Turkey).Through the case of Sulukule (Istanbul), our aim is to illustrate how gentrification as a neoliberal instrument utilized by a conservative/Islamist local government intervene the urban space not only for economic purposes but also culturally. This study analyzes this process, which went through in Sulukule, a former low-income neighborhood, mainly inhabited by a Gypsy community, sustaining livelihoods through a historically created entertainment culture, which was not welcomed by the conservative political cadres. This study turns the attention to the dynamics generated at the interstices of economy, politics and society, and delivers a tale of resistance and contestation to the uneasy marriage between conservative Islamism and neoliberalism. The concept of gentrification/re-generation is very much employed and referred to the diffusion of neoliberal urban policies in the context of neighborhoods as it is also put forth in this study. The case of Sulukule is a representative case in the Turkish context, especially when the urban and metropolitan transformation of Istanbul is taken into account. The way neighborhoods transform and serve the interests of the market and the capital is similar to the historical functioning of capitalism. Thus, the globalization of gentrification arguments made in the literature should not surprise us given that it is a neoliberal strategy to extract value whenever and wherever possible, in the form of gentrification aiming to revalorize usually decayed spaces or slum areas. In general, what we gather from the literature on gentrification is seen as a quick solution, or in Slater's terms as a savior for cities, its content has been depoliticized, and proposed as a key strategy to approach complex urban problems. They are complex because they are creating both winners and losers, and the irony is that nobody is really keeping track of what is happening to communities who are dislocated because of disruptions through investment in their area. While gentrifiers are shown as the primary actor of this process, the "gentrified" (both the community and the physical space) constitute the other half.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • facet.materialart.
    Friedrich Schiller University Jena Jena
    Publication Date: 2016-08-19
    Description: By now there is substantial experimental evidence that people make use of "moral wiggle room" (Dana et al., 2007), that is, they tend to exploit moral excuses for selfish behavior. However, this evidence is limited to dictator games. In our experiment, a trust game variant, we study whether moral wiggle room also prevails, when reciprocity is a potential motivation for being generous. Trustees´ back transfer choices are elicited for five different transfer levels of the trustor. Moreover, we ask trustees to provide their back transfer schedule for different scenarios that vary the implementation probability of the back transfer. This design allows us to identify subjects who reciprocate and analyze how these reciprocators respond to the provision of moral wiggle room. Our results suggest that moral wiggle room exists as well in the context of reciprocity. Among our subjects, 40% of the reciprocators exploited moral wiggle room.
    Keywords: C72 ; C91 ; D03 ; D80 ; ddc:330 ; experiments ; moral wiggle room ; pro-social behavior ; reciprocity ; self-image concerns ; social preferences
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • facet.materialart.
    Goethe University, SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe Frankfurt a. M.
    Publication Date: 2015-02-10
    Description: Although the "financial meltdown" between 2007 and 2009 can be substantially attributed to herding behaviour in the subprime market for credit default swaps, a "mindless" IT implementation of participating financial services providers played a major role in the facilitation of the underlying bandwagon. The problem was a discrepancy between two core complementary capabilities: (1.) the (economic-rationalistic) ability to execute financial transactions (to comply with the herd) in milliseconds and (2.) the required contextualized mindfulness capabilities to comprehend the implications of the transactions being executed and the associated IT innovation decisions that enabled these transactions.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; IT innovations ; financial services
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • facet.materialart.
    Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Bonn
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: Several studies have shown that dictator-game giving declines substantially if the dictator can exploit situational excuses for not being generous. In this experimental study we investigate if this result extends to more natural social interactions involving reciprocal behavior. We provide the second mover in a reciprocal game with an excuse for not reciprocating, an excuse which has previously been shown to strongly reduce giving in dictator games. We do not find that the availability of the excuse has any effect at all on reciprocal behavior, and conclude that reciprocity is a more stable disposition than dictator game generosity.
    Keywords: C72 ; C9 ; ddc:330 ; reciprocity ; moral wiggle room
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • facet.materialart.
    Springer
    Publication Date: 2012-04-23
    Description:    Ceramic samples of lanthanum strontium manganite perovskites La 0.6 Sr 0.2 Mn 1.2 − x Ni x O 3 ± δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) have been investigated using the X-ray diffraction, magnetic (χ ac ), 55 Mn NMR, resistive, and magnetoresistive methods. The specific features of the influence of the composition on the structure and properties of nonstoichiometric manganite perovskites have been established. It has been found that the rhombohedrally ( R - 3   c ) distorted perovskite structure contains cation and anion vacancies, as well as nanostructured clusters with Mn 2+ ions in the A -positions. The substitution of Ni 3+ ions ( r = 0.74 Å) for Mn 3+ ions ( r = 0.785 Å) leads to a decrease in the lattice parameter a , the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition temperature T C , and the metal-semiconductor phase transition temperature T ms due to the disturbance of the superexchange interactions between heterovalent manganese ions Mn 3+ and Mn 4+ . The observed anomalous magnetic hysteresis at 77 K has been explained by the antiferromagnetic effect of the unidirectional exchange anisotropy of the ferromagnetic matrix structure on the magnetic moments of the superstoichiometric manganese Mn 2+ ions located in nanostructured planar clusters. An analysis of the asymmetrically broadened 55 Mn NMR spectra of the compounds has revealed a high-frequency electronic superexchange of the ions Mn 3+ ⟷ O 2− ⟷ Mn 4+ ; a local heterogeneity of their surrounding by other ions, vacancies, and clusters; and a partial localization of Mn 4+ ions. The local hyperfine interaction fields on 55 Mn nuclei have been determined. The concentration dependences of the activation energy and charge hopping frequency have confirmed that the Ni ions decrease the electrical conductivity due to the weakening of the electronic superexchange Mn 3+ ⟷ O 2− ⟷ Mn 4+ . Two types of magnetoresistive effects have been found: one effect, which is observed near the phase transition temperatures T C and T ms , is caused by scattering at intracrystalline nanostructured heterogeneities, and the other effect, which is observed in the low-temperature range, is induced by tunneling through intercrystalline mesostructured boundaries. The phase diagram has demonstrated that there is a strong correlation between magnetic and electrical properties in rare-earth manganites. Content Type Journal Article Category Magnetism Pages 767-777 DOI 10.1134/S106378341204021X Authors A. V. Pashchenko, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine V. P. Pashchenko, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine V. K. Prokopenko, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine A. G. Sil’cheva, LuhanskTaras Shevchenko National University, ul. Oboronna 2, Luhansk, 91011 Ukraine Yu. F. Revenko, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine A. A. Shemyakov, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine N. G. Kisel’, Scientifically-Technological Center “Reactivelectron,”, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, ul. Bakinskih Komisariv 17-a, Donetsk, 83096 Ukraine V. P. Komarov, Scientifically-Technological Center “Reactivelectron,”, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, ul. Bakinskih Komisariv 17-a, Donetsk, 83096 Ukraine V. Ya. Sycheva, Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering named after O.O. Galkin, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine S. V. Gorban’, Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after Mykhaylo Tugan-Baranovsky, ul. Shchorsa 31, Donetsk, 83050 Ukraine V. G. Pogrebnyak, Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after Mykhaylo Tugan-Baranovsky, ul. Shchorsa 31, Donetsk, 83050 Ukraine Journal Physics of the Solid State Online ISSN 1090-6460 Print ISSN 1063-7834 Journal Volume Volume 54 Journal Issue Volume 54, Number 4
    Print ISSN: 1063-7834
    Electronic ISSN: 1090-6460
    Topics: Physics
    Published by Springer on behalf of MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
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  • facet.materialart.
    Springer
    Publication Date: 2011-02-26
    Description:    The structure and properties of lanthanum strontium manganite perovskites La 0.6 Sr 0.2 Mn 1.2 − y Cr y O 3 ± δ ( y = 0–0.3) sintered at 1430°C have been studied by X-ray, resistive, and magnetic (χ ac and 55 Mn NMR) methods. The parameter of the rhombohedrally distorted ( R - 3   c ) perovskite structure decreases with increasing y . The real perovskite structure contains point (anion and cation vacancies) and cluster-type nanostructure defects. The analysis of asymmetrically broadened 55 Mn NMR spectra has confirmed the high-frequency electron-hole exchange Mn 3+ ↔ Mn 4+ and local inhomogeneity of their surrounding by other ions and point and cluster-type defects. An increase in the Cr content leads to an increase in the resistivity and the magnetoresistive effect and a decrease in the metal-semiconductor and ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition temperatures ( T ms and T c ) due to the distortion of the exchange interactions Mn 3+ ↔ Mn 4+ by chromium ions, vacancies, and clusters. Introduction of Cr decreases the ferromagnetic component and increases the activation energy. The magnetoresistive effect near T ms and T c is caused by scattering of charge carriers from intercrystallite nanostructure inhomogeneities of the lattice, and the low-temperature effect is associated with the tunneling on mesostructural intercrystallite boundaries. Content Type Journal Article Pages 309-315 DOI 10.1134/S1063783411020259 Authors A. V. Pashchenko, Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine V. P. Pashchenko, Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine A. G. Sil’cheva, Lugansk Taras Shevchenko National University, ul. Oboronnaya 2, Lugansk, 91011 Ukraine V. K. Prokopenko, Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine A. A. Shemyakov, Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine Yu. F. Revenko, Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. R. Luxemburg 72, Donetsk, 83114 Ukraine V. P. Komarov, Scientific and Technological Center “Reactivelectron”, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. Bakinskikh Komissarov 17-a, Donetsk, 83096 Ukraine S. V. Gorban’, Tugan-Baranovsky Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade, ul. Shchorsa 31, Donetsk, 83050 Ukraine Journal Physics of the Solid State Online ISSN 1090-6460 Print ISSN 1063-7834 Journal Volume Volume 53 Journal Issue Volume 53, Number 2
    Print ISSN: 1063-7834
    Electronic ISSN: 1090-6460
    Topics: Physics
    Published by Springer on behalf of MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
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  • facet.materialart.
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics Budapest
    Publication Date: 2015-03-25
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of global financial and economic crisis on the process of system transformation in China. First, it details the direct impact of global growth on macroeconomic development and its indirect impact on economic transformation. Second, it analyzes the direct impact of global crisis on macroeconomic decline and its indirect impact on the prospects of political transformation. The paper builds on the basic principles and ideas of the Interactive Party-State model to introduce the concept of transformation dynamics. This concept implies the direction and speed of change of the retreating party-state sphere and the emergence of the field outside of it during the process of transformation. Using this concept a statistical survey was carried out on the economic transformation of the Chinese party-state. Results reveal the disparities of the dynamics of transformation in time, in space, and at different levels of aggregation between 1999 and 2004. A dominant type of transformation dynamics is revealed during this period and the shift of dominant type within that period, sensitive to the trend of certain economic indicators. Based on those findings, the paper projects the dominance of another type of transformation dynamics as a result of the consequences of global crisis. It also outlines the possible impact of this dynamics on the premises of political transformation.
    Keywords: B52 ; D85 ; N10 ; P2 ; P3 ; P41 ; P52 ; ddc:330 ; system transformation ; China ; economic transformation ; political transformation ; spatial disparities in system transformation ; Finanzkrise ; Systemtransformation ; Politische Reform ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Räumliche Verteilung ; China
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • facet.materialart.
    München: ifo Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2017-08-08
    Description: This study aims at assessing the impacts of different approaches to IPPC implementation on competitiveness of companies in two industrial sectors (electric steelmaking and domestic glass production). As the provisions of the IPPC Directive allow a certain flexibility for Member States to set permit conditions and to apply the concept of Best Available Techniques (BAT), the implementation of the IPPC Directive is likely to differ across the EU. Furthermore, the Directive does not contain any detailed requirements concerning later stages of the regulatory cycle” like monitoring and inspections which also may influence competitiveness. Therefore, while differences in implementation of the IPPC Directive across the EU might be justified due to specific circumstances, this may result in distortion of competition and an influence on the competitiveness of certain production sites and industry sectors within and across Member States. There may also be competitiveness impacts relative to non-EU competitors.
    Keywords: C12 ; Q53 ; Q58 ; ddc:330 ; Umweltschutz ; Umweltbelastung ; Gesetzgebung ; Umweltrecht ; Kontrolle ; Wettbewerb ; Umweltpolitik ; Glasindustrie ; Stahlindustrie ; Wissenschaftliche Methode ; Umweltbelastung ; EU-Umweltrecht ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; Stahlindustrie ; Glasindustrie ; EU-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • facet.materialart.
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) Vienna
    Publication Date: 2016-03-05
    Description: Economic growth and development theories have neglected the role of knowledge and space for a long time. However, it is widely accepted that knowledge has played a more and more important role in economic development, and - due to its spatial characteristics - also in regional development. The aim of this paper is to explore the role and some spatial characteristics of knowledge, as well as their impact on regional development, also in regard to border regions. After some theoretical considerations, the paper investigates some features and cross-border cooperations of knowledge holders in the Austrian-Hungarian border region.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; knowledge ; universities ; cross-border cooperation ; Austrian-Hungarian border region ; Wissenstransfer ; Forschungskooperation ; Regionalentwicklung ; Grenzregion ; Österreich ; Ungarn
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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