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  • 1
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-07
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Erweiterung ; EU-Beitrittskriterien ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Wirtschaftslage ; Soziale Lage ; EU-Staaten (Osteuropa)
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
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    Seville: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-28
    Description: There are no official statistics on international online trade in goods so far. This paper uses a consumer survey to construct a unique matrix of online B2C domestic and cross-border trade in goods between the 27 EU Member States. We compare online and offline trade patterns for similar goods. We find that the standard gravity model performs well in explaining online cross-border trade flows. The model confirms the strong reduction in geographical distance-related trade costs, compared to offline trade. However, the trade costs associated with crossing language barriers increase when moving from offline to online trade. Institutional variables such as online payments facilities and cost-efficiency of parcel delivery systems might play a significant role in cross-border trade and our analysis confirms this. In a linguistically segmented market like the EU, online home market bias remains high compared to bias in offline cross-border trade. We conclude that it is hard to predict at this stage whether regulators could boost online cross-border trade through improvements in legal and financial systems, and parcel delivery infrastructure.
    Keywords: F15 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; online trade ; e-commerce ; gravity ; barriers to trade ; home bias
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: This study contributes to the literature on the competitiveness of Romanian exports with a new perspective over the decade 2001-2011, by overlapping of two complementary analyses: of the export performance dynamics and of the domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers. The analyzed period includes the period of global economic growth (mainly 2003-2007) and the first years of the economic crisis (2009-2011 ). The year 2007, when Romania joined the European Union, is in the middle of the analyzed period. The dynamics of Romania's export performance was assessed through a specific method combining three different research lines(1) changes in the ranking of exported products in the reference years 2001 and 2011, (2) evolution of the performance of key products exported in 2001 and (3) the position in 2001 of key products exported in 2011. The analysis of domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers provides, for the first time for Romania a brief study on the position of the country on the global value chain, following the logic proposed by the European Commission in its last two European Competitiveness Reports (2012 and 2013). When corroborated, the results of the two analyses can be used to discuss the extent to which the current structure of exports contributes to the generation of domestic revenues and as such might prove useful in the debate on the identification of a country brand for Romania. In order to achieve the latter goal, we conducted two detailed case studies on two reference sectors of the Romanian economy: motor vehicles and creative industries. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Performance-Messung ; Einnahmen ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; EU-Binnenmarkt ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-11-24
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse ; EU-Erweiterung ; Rumänien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 5
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2013-06-08
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Industriepolitik ; Strukturpolitik ; EU-Erweiterung ; EU-Staaten ; Rumänien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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