WILBERT

Wildauer Bücher+E-Medien Recherche-Tool

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Experimental brain research 77 (1989), S. 234-244 
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Development ; Visual cortex ; Slicecultures ; Pyramidal cells ; GABA immunohistochemistry ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Slice cultures from the visual cortex of young rats were prepared using the roller culture technique (Gähwiler 1984). After 10 days in vitro the cortical cultures flattened to 1–3 cell layers, surviving for up to 12 weeks. The cultures were organotypically organized, the typical layered structure of the cortex was preserved. The neuronal composition of slice cultures was studied using intracellular staining, Golgi impregnation and GABA immunohistochemistry. Both pyramidal cells and several types of nonpyramidal cells were identified in the slice cultures. Electrophysiological recordings showed that the electrical properties of cells in culture were similar to those measured in acute slice preparations; for some cells, however, the spontaneous activity was higher. The maintained activity was strongly increased by application of the GABA antagonist bicuculline and decreased by GABA, suggesting that GABAergic inhibition is present in these preparations. We could observe the postnatal maturation of some characteristic morphological features in culture. For example, pyramidal cells in 6 day-old rats in situ have very short basal dendrites with growth-cones, and the dendrites are free of spines. After 2–3 weeks in culture growth-cones were no longer observed. Instead, the cells had developed a large basal dendritic field and the dendrites were covered with spines. Slice cultures therefore may provide a useful tool for physiological, anatomical, pharmacological and developmental studies of cortical neurons in an organotypical environment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A depolarization-induced, slowly decaying inward current was examined in slice-cultured CA3 pyramidal cells by voltage-clamp techniques and microfluorometric measurements of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Action potentials elicited by intracellular injection of short-lasting (50 – 100 ms) depolarizing current pulses were followed by a slowly decaying afterhyperpolarization (AHP). After switching to voltage-clamp mode, short-lasting (50 – 100 ms) depolarizing voltage jumps from –60 mV to between –30 and 0 mV induced a slowly decaying outward aftercurrent (IAHP) which was depressed by bath application of muscarine (0.5 μM). In the presence of muscarine, the same depolarizations induced a slowly decaying afterdepolarization (ADP) or inward aftercurrent (IADP)in voltage-clamp mode. This current was also induced in the presence of trans(±)-1-aminc-1,3-cyclopenta-nedicarboxylic acid (t-ACPD, 5 μM), an agonist of metabotropic glutamate receptors, but not in the presence of noradrenalin (5 μM), while both of these agonists depressed IAHP. IADP was depressed by reducing the external Ca2+ concentration from 3.8 to 0.5 mM, by external Co2+ (1 mM) and by external Cd2+ (10 – 100 μM). Combined voltage-clamp recordings and microfluorometric measurements of [Ca2+]i using the Ca2+ indicator fura-2 revealed that the amplitude of IADP was correlated with the amplitude of depolarization-induced Ca2+ influx, IADP was absent at membrane potentials 〈 –90 mV, and reached maximal amplitudes at ∼–55 mV. Raising the extracellular K+ concentration from 2.7 to 13.5 mM increased the amplitude of IADP and resulted in a positively directed shift of the apparent reversal potential of IADP. When the external Na+ concentration was reduced from 157 to 33 or 18 mM the current reversed at more negative potentials and was reduced to 40 and 21%, respectively, of control amplitude. Lowering the external Cl- concentration from 159 to 20 mM did not affect IADP. We conclude that IADP most likely represents a Ca2+-activated cation current, rather than a Ca2+ tail current, or an electrogenic Ca2+ extrusion current.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 44 (1999), S. 105-110 
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words Human tumor cloning assay ; LY231514 ; Multitargeted antifolate
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the activity of the multitargeted antifolate (MTA or LY231514) against a broad range of human tumors taken directly from patients. Materials and methods: Human tumor colony-forming units were treated with MTA at concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, and 10 μg/ml in 1-h exposure studies. The responses of a limited number of specimens were also evaluated concurrently in 1-h exposures to cisplatin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and/or paclitaxel. Results: Of 358 specimens plated in the 1-h exposure studies, 148 (41%) were evaluable. Overall, responses were observed in 3% of specimens (4/144) at 0.1 μg/ml, 11% (17/148) at 1.0 μg/ml, and 23% (33/141) at 10 μg/ml. In this range of concentrations achievable clinically, there was a significant concentration-response relationship. At 10 μg/ml in the 1-h exposure studies, the response rate in colorectal cancer specimens was 32% (9/28), and the response rate in non-small-cell lung cancer was 25% (6/24). Responses were also observed in several chemoresistant tumors, including renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, mesothelioma, and pancreatic carcinoma. The activity of MTA was not completely cross-resistant with that of cisplatin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and paclitaxel. Conclusions: MTA demonstrated in vitro activity against a spectrum of tumors, including several tumors generally considered chemoresistant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...