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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Parasitology research 84 (1998), S. 338-342 
    ISSN: 1432-1955
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The development of five schistosome species was compared in mice by the recovery of schistosomula from chopped lung tissue and of adult worms by portal perfusion. Three developmental patterns appeared. (1) Schistosoma japonicum was unique in showing an early establishment of schistosomula in and a rapid departure from the lungs together with the highest worm recovery; (2) S. haematobium contrasted by establishing later and persisting in the lungs for at least 2 weeks while yielding the lowest adult worm recovery; and (3) S. intercalatum, S. mansoni, and S. rodhaini had an intermediate pattern – they resided in the lungs for several days, then disappeared and produced intermediate numbers of adults. Lung petechiae, known to accompany the migration of S. japonicum, were never detected after infection with the other species. We speculate that the three migration patterns of schistosomes are related to the size of the relative spectra of naturally infected definitive hosts.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Parasitology research 83 (1997), S. 632-635 
    ISSN: 1432-1955
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Both cathepsin B-like and cathepsin L-like endopeptidase activities have been described in schistosomes, but their relative contribution to proteinolysis remains controversial. In an attempt to clarify which type of activity predominates, the selective mammalian cathepsin B inhibitor CA-074 was tested under standardized assay conditions with different preparations from Schistosoma mansoni and S. japonicum. CA-074 (0.94 μM) inhibited at least 92% and 80% of proteinolytic activity, respectively, for these species: completely inhibited bovine-spleen cathepsin B activity; but showed only marginal inhibition (4%) of rat-liver cathepsin L activity. We discuss the results with respect to previous studies and conclude that schistosome cathepsin B-like, not L-like, activity predominates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Parasitology research 83 (1996), S. 37-41 
    ISSN: 1432-1955
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Vomitus from adults of five Schistosoma species was screened for biochemical homologues of the mammalian cysteine proteinases cathepsins B, H, and L. Bovine cathepsin B and rat cathepsin L served as references. Using the substrate Arg-NMec, a schistosome cathepsin H-like activity was never detected. All species degraded the cathepsin B substrate Z-Arg-Arg-NMec, but distinct species differences were observed with respect to pH optima and buffer preferences. The cathepsin B and L substrate Z-Phe-Arg-NMec was similarly degraded by all species, and activity was abolished by the cysteine proteinase inhibitor E-64. Preferences by vomitus proteinase activities for Z-Phe-Arg-NMec over Z-Arg-Arg-NMec were similar to or higher than those found for bovine cathepsin B but well below those observed for rat cathepsin L; also, the preferential cathepsin L inhibitor Z-Phe-PheCHN2 only partially inhibited proteinolytic activity. The results suggest the possible presence in vomitus of a minor cathepsin L-like activity and demonstrate a major cathepsin B-like activity that is biochemically variable between schistosome species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Palo Alto, Calif. : Annual Reviews
    ISSN: 1553-4006
    Source: Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Parasitic diseases represent major global health problems of immense proportion. Schistosomiasis, malaria, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, and African sleeping sickness affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide, cause millions of deaths annually, and present an immense social and economic burden. Recent advances in genomic analysis of several of the major global parasites have revealed key factors involved in the pathogenesis of parasite diseases. Among the major virulence factors identified are parasite-derived proteases. This review focuses on the direct role of proteases in disease pathogenesis. Well-characterized examples of the roles proteases play in pathogenesis include their involvement in invasion of the host by parasite migration through tissue barriers, degradation of hemoglobin and other blood proteins, immune evasion, and activation of inflammation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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