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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    The review of Austrian economics 13 (2000), S. 5-22 
    ISSN: 1573-7128
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract F. A. Hayek's writings on cultural evolution are an essential part of his work, and some aspects of these writings (e.g., his defense of group selection) have generated considerable controversy. This historical paper traces the circumstances that led Hayek to introduce cultural evolution and related ideas into his work.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Water, air & soil pollution 8 (1977), S. 21-34 
    ISSN: 1573-2932
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract We investigated both the current status of N2 fixation in western Washington forests, and the potential effects of acid rain on this vital process. Even the low concentrations of SO2 presently found in the Northwest are thought to have an adverse effect on N2 fixation by limiting the distribution of the epiphytic N2-fixing lichen, Lobaria pulmonaria, which is found mainly in deciduous forests. A close relative, L. oregana, was found to be the major N2 fixer in old-growth coniferous forests. It fixes less N2 following exposure to H2SO4 of pH 4 or less. A more serious threat to N2 fixation than acid rain is the practice of deliberately suppressing red alder to keep it from competing with Douglas fir. Also, L. oregana is a late successional species and does not develop in forests where short cutting cycles are practiced.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Plant and soil 134 (1991), S. 255-259 
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Keywords: Douglas-fir seedlings ; ectomycorrhizae ; Gautieria monticola ; hypal mats ; Hysterangium setchellii
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract The ectomycorrhizal fungi Gautieria monticola and Hysterangium setchellii both form dense hyphal mats in coniferous forest soils of the Pacific Northwest. We recently observed that all Douglas-fir seedlings found under the canopy of a maturing 60–75 year stand were associated with mats formed by ectomycorrhizal fungi. The significance of these mat communities in relation to seedling establishment and survival is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Plant and soil 148 (1993), S. 53-61 
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Keywords: acetylene reduction ; conifer log ; coarse woody debris ; decay ; decomposition
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract Acetylene reduction was examined periodically for as long as 68 months in the outer and inner bark, sapwood, and heartwood of decaying logs of western hemlock [Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.] western redcedar (Thuja plicata D. Don), Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco], and Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis Dougl. ex Forbes) in the western Oregon Cascade Mountains. Tissues from freshly cut logs from sound trees were unable to reduce acetylene. However, after 18 months of decomposition, acetylene reduction was found in all log tissues except heartwood. Over the 68-month study period, no significant relationship between reduction rate and tissue moisture was found. Acetylene reduction rates differed significantly among tissues, log species, and time of exposure to decomposers. Although acetylene reduction generally showed a steady increase with time, tissues of some species showed a more complex, nonlinear pattern of change. Although the amount of nitrogen fixed is low compared to the total present in decaying logs, it might be an important source of readily available nitrogen for the microbiota responsible for decomposition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    The review of Austrian economics 2 (1988), S. 175-178 
    ISSN: 1573-7128
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: F. A. Hayek took two trips to Chile, the first in 1977, the second in 1981. The visits were controversial. On the first trip he met with Genera l Augusto Pinochet, who had led a coup that overthrew Salvador Allende in 1973. During his 1981 visit, Ha yek gave interviews that were published in the Chilean newspaper El Mercurio and in which he discussed authoritarian regimes and the problem of unlimited democracy. After each trip, he complained th at the western press had painted an unfair picture of the economic situation under the Pinochet regime. Drawing on archival material, interviews, and past research, we provide a full account of this controversial episode in Hayek's life.
    Keywords: B1 ; B2 ; B25 ; B21 ; B3 ; B4 ; ddc:330 ; F. A. Hayek ; Chile ; Chicago Boys ; Augusto Pinochet ; Salvador Allende ; Milton Friedman ; Centro de Estudios Publicos (CEP) ; El Mercurio
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: Four talks on Keynes in relation to the Bloomsbury Group: I. Maynard Keynes of Bloomsbury (Craufurd Goodwin); II. Keynes as Policy Advisor (E. Roy Weintraub); III. Keynes and Economics (Kevin D. Hoover); IV. Keynes and Hayek (Bruce Caldwell). The talks were delivered as part of roundtable discussion on John Maynard Keynes of Bloomsbury, the inaugural event of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University, and were held in conjunction with Vision and Design: A Year of Bloomsbury, a campus-wide interdisciplinary program surrounding an exhibition of Bloomsbury art at Duke University's Nasher Museum of Art.
    Keywords: B20 ; B22 ; B31 ; B25 ; ddc:330 ; John Maynard Keynes ; Bloomsbury Group ; economic policy ; Great Depression ; macro economics ; Friedrich A. von Hayek ; Keynesian economics ; Austrian economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: The rhetoric of positivism had a profound effect on the worldview and practice of economists in the middle of the last century. Though this influence has greatly diminished, it still may be found in the attitude of many economists towards the history of their discipline. This paper traces the effects of positivism in economics, then argues that the history of economics is a critical component of both the undergraduate teaching and the graduate training of economists, and that as such, it should be reintroduced into the economics curriculum. It concludes by documenting some recent hopeful signs of change.
    Keywords: A11 ; A12 ; A22 ; A23 ; B0 ; B1 ; B2 ; B3 ; B4 ; ddc:330 ; positivism ; history of economic thought ; history of economics ; economic methodology ; undergraduate education ; graduate education ; Hayek
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: In 1982 my book Beyond Positivism: Economic Methodology in the Twentieth Century was published. At the 2017 History of Economics society meeting, a session was held to mark the 35th anniversary of that event. Papers by Wade Hands, Kevin Hoover, Tony Lawson, and the trio Peter Boettke, Solomon Stein and Virgil Storr were prepared. In this paper, I respond by reflecting on how I came to write Beyond Positivism and on the state of the field of economic methodology at the time, and then commenting briefly on each of the papers noted above.
    Keywords: B2 ; B25 ; B4 ; B41 ; B53 ; ddc:330 ; positivism ; methodology of economics ; philosophy of science ; methodological pluralism ; instrumentalism ; theory choice ; Karl Popper ; Friedrich Hayek ; complex phenomena ; basic economic reasoning
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-17
    Description: F. A. Hayek published The Road to Serfdom in 1944, so 2019 marks the 75th anniversary of the event. The paper traces how Hayek came to write the book, who his opponents were, and how the book got interpreted by both friends and critics after its publication. Because the book is more typically invoked than read, part of the goal of the paper is to identify and correct some common misperceptions.
    Keywords: B2 ; B3 ; B51 ; B53 ; ddc:330 ; F. A. Hayek ; The Road to Serfdom ; liberalism ; socialism ; conservatism ; German Historical School ; laissez faire ; J. M. Keynes
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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