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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. ; Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland
    Materials science forum Vol. 514-516 (May 2006), p. 338-342 
    ISSN: 1662-9752
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Superconducting fibres of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system were grown by the conventional Laser Floating Zone (LFZ) process and by the new technique of Electrical Assisted Laser Floating Zone (EALFZ). The presence of an electric field during solidification process significantly changes the fibre microstructure with Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 nominal composition. The higher cristallinity of the asgrownEALFZ fibres, resulting from the current application during solidification, leads to atransformation rate enhancement during subsequent annealing. A strong correlation between the transport properties and the final microstructure of the annealed fibres is observed. The highest critical current density of the EALFZ fibres is obtained after heat treatment at 845ºC while for the LFZ ones similar values are obtained only after annealing at 860ºC
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. ; Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland
    Materials science forum Vol. 514-516 (May 2006), p. 333-337 
    ISSN: 1662-9752
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Bulk MgB2 samples were synthesized by hot isostatic pressing under pressures up to 200MPa at 950ºC. In these conditions, full densification of samples was obtained (~98% of theoretical density). SEM, EDS and XRD analysis on final dense bodies were used to evaluate samples, and show increasingly better control over the amounts of secondary MgO (down to ~10%) and complete prevention of formation of MgB4 by using simple glass encapsulation techniques andaddition of Mg(s) to the capsule. The samples display superconducting properties, including a narrow critical transition in electrical properties (Tc ~36-38K). Magnetic studies were performed, allowing the determination of the superconducting fraction and critical current density Jc of thematerials. Contrary to the Tc, the Jc is quite sensitive to the processing and microstructure and values from 0.3 to 0.6x106 A/cm2 are obtained at 10K. The reduction of Jc with the applied magnetic field requires further improvements to reduce weak links
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Psychopharmacology 70 (1980), S. 173-177 
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Endogenous opiates ; Beta-endorphin ; Amnesic effects ; Amnesic mechanisms ; Memory consolidation ; Non-associative factors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The endogenous opiate peptide, beta-endorphin (0.4, 1.0, 2.0, and 10.0 μg/kg) was injected IP into rats immediately after training in a shuttle avoidance task, and its effect on memory retention was evaluated in test sessions carried out 24 h later. The drug was found to cause retrograde amnesia, the ED50 being 1.0 μg/kg. Beta-endorphin immunoreactivity was measured in the hypothalamus and rest of the brain of rats submitted to training, or test sessions of shuttle avoidance learning, pseudoconditioning in the shuttle-box, tones alone, or foot-shocks alone. After training in any of the four paradigms, there was a marked (46–60%) depletion of beta-endorphin immunoreactivity in the rest of the brain. No changes were detected in the hypothalamus or after test sessions. The loss of beta-endorphin immunoreactivity may be attributed to release of this substance caused by the stimuli used for training. From the present findings, as well as previous observations on the memory-facilitating influence of the opiate receptor antagonist, naloxone, it is concluded that there is a physiological amnesic mechanism mediated by beta-endorphin (and perhaps other opoid peptides as well), which is triggered by the non-associative factors present in the various forms of learning.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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