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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 10 (2000), S. 1570-1575 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Liver – Interventional procedure – Neoplasms – US – Contrast media – US Doppler studies
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler ultrasound (US) for the detection of residual viable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after treatment with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Forty-seven patients with 68 HCC lesions 1.8–9.5 cm in diameter (mean ± SD 4.3 ± 1.7 cm) underwent contrast-enhanced power Doppler US, in the harmonic mode, before and after treatment with TACE. Unenhanced spiral CT and contrast-enhanced dynamic MR imaging were also performed to help establish the outcome of therapy. Before treatment, intratumoral blood flow signals were detected at contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US in 65 (95 %) of 68 lesions. After TACE, flow signals were no longer detectable in 22 of these 65 lesions, which showed complete response at spiral CT and dynamic MR imaging. In 38 (88 %) of the 43 lesions with partial response, intratumoral flow signals were still identified at contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US. Twenty-eight of these 38 lesions underwent additional treatment with percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) using contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US guidance. Complete response was seen after PEI in 23 of 28 lesions. Contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US proved useful for assessing the therapeutic effect of TACE on HCC and for guiding additional treatment with PEI in cases of partial response.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 10 (2000), S. 1697-1702 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Cirrhosis ; Hepatocellular carcinoma ; MR contrast agents
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The objectives of this study were twofold: (a) to assess safety and tolerability of the hepatobiliary MR contrast agent MnDPDP; and (b) to investigate the sensitivity of MnDPDP-enhanced MRI, in comparison with dual-phase spiral CT, in the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis. Fifty patients with liver cirrhosis and histologically proven HCC were enrolled in a prospective phase-IIIB clinical trial. All patients underwent evaluation with dual-phase spiral CT and pre-contrast and post-contrast MRI at 1.5 T. The MR examination protocol included spin-echo (SE) and gradient-recalled-echo (GRE) T1-weighted images acquired before and 60–120 min after administration of 0.5 μmol/kg (0.5 ml/kg) MnDPDP (Teslascan, Nycomed Amersham, Oslo, Norway); and fast T2-weighted SE images obtained solely before contrast injection. Gold standard was provided by findings at Lipiodol CT in combination with follow-up spiral CT studies, which were repeated at 4-month intervals over a 10- to 27-month (mean ± SD 20.1 ± 5.1 months) follow-up period. No serious adverse event occurred. Eighty tumors ranging 0.8–9.1 cm in diameter (mean ± SD 3.2 ± 2.4 cm) were detected by Lipiodol CT or confirmed as cancerous foci by follow-up CT studies. Pre-contrast MRI detected 38 of 80 lesions (48 %); MnDPDP-enhanced MRI, 65 of 80 lesions (81 %); pre-contrast plus post-contrast MRI, 69 of 80 lesions (86 %); and dual-phase spiral CT, 64 of 80 lesions (80 %). The difference between unenhanced and MnDPDP-enhanced MRI was statistically significant (p 〈 0.001). The difference between MRI (pre-contrast plus post-contrast) and dual-phase spiral CT was not statistically significant (p = 0.33). The confidence in the final diagnosis, however, was significantly higher for MRI as compared with spiral CT (p 〈 0.001). MnDPDP is a safe and well-tolerated hepatobiliary MR contrast agent. Magnetic resonance imaging with use of MnDPDP is significantly more sensitive than unenhanced MRI and as good as dual-phase spiral CT for detection of HCC in cirrhosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 9 (1999), S. 1496-1512 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Liver neoplasms ; Diagnosis ; MR ; Pancreas
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Following the introduction of rapid, high-quality scan techniques and the development of new, tissue-specific contrast agents, the applications of MRI for abdominal imaging are experiencing unprecedented growth. This article examines the current status of liver and pancreatic MRI, highlighting technical and methodological approach, use of contrast agents, and main clinical applications. The MRI technique appears to be the ideal diagnostic tool for detection and characterization of benign and malignant liver neoplasms, and for evaluating tumor response after nonsurgical treatments. Dynamic imaging after bolus injection of a gadolinium chelate is currently a fundamental component of an MRI examination of the liver in many instances. Optimal dynamic scanning depends on the use of a multisection spoiled gradient-echo technique that allows one to image the entire region of interest during a single suspended respiration. Images are obtained during four phases relative to the injection of the contrast agent: precontrast, arterial (pre-sinusoidal), portal (sinusoidal), and delayed (extracellular) phase. Liver-specific contrast agents, including hepatobiliary agents and reticuloendothelial system-targeted iron oxide particles, however, may offer advantages over gadolinium chelates in some clinical settings. Computed tomography is still preferred to MRI for imaging the pancreas. However, state-of-the-art MRI may currently be at least as accurate as spiral CT for depiction of inflammatory and neoplastic pancreatic diseases. Moreover, MRI has the advantage of allowing simultaneous investigation of the biliary tree, owing to cholangiopancreatography techniques. Hence, a comprehensive assessment of most pancreatic diseases can be achieved with a single examination.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Abdominal imaging 23 (1998), S. 608-610 
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: Alcohol—Interventional procedures, complications—Liver, interventional procedure—Liver neoplasms, therapy.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Two weeks after percutaneous ethanol injection therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma, performed by injecting 110 mL ethanol in a single session with general anesthesia, a 69-year-old woman with well-compensated liver cirrhosis developed an extensive thrombosis of the whole portal tree that caused severe uncorrectable ascites and progressive deterioration of her general condition, resulting in death 6 weeks after the procedure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 8 (1998), S. 1205-1211 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Liver ; Interventional procedure ; Liver neoplasms ; Therapy ; Radio-frequency ablation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of radio-frequency (RF) thermal ablation, performed by using a cooled-tip electrode needle, in the treatment of liver metastases. Twenty-nine patients (20 males and 9 females; age range 43–77 years) with one to four hepatic metastases 1.1–4.8 cm in diameter (mean 2.9 ± 0.8 cm) from previously resected intra-abdominal primary malignancies were treated. All patients were excluded from surgery and had partial or no response to chemotherapy. Radio-frequency ablation was performed by using a 100-W generator and 17-gauge, dual-lumen, cooled-tip electrode needles with a 2- to 3-cm exposed tip. Exposure time was 12 min for each needle insertion. Findings at spiral CT were used to assess the therapeutic response. A total of 127 insertions were performed (mean 2.4 ± 1.7 insertions/lesion) during 84 treatment sessions (mean 1.6 ± 0.7 sessions/lesion) in absence of major complications. Complete tumor response (i. e., unenhancing area of thermal necrosis larger than the treated tumor) was seen in 41 (77 %) of 53 lesions, including 33 (87 %) of 38 lesions 3 cm or less in diameter. After a mean follow-up period of 6.5 ± 2.1 months (range 3–9 months), recurrence of the treated lesion was seen in 5 (12 %) of the 41 cases. New metastatic lesions appeared in 7 patients. Two patients died after 6 and 8 months, respectively. Of the 27 patients still in follow-up, 14 are currently free of disease. Radio-frequency thermal ablation with a cooled-tip electrode needle is a safe and effective local treatment for hepatic metastases 3 cm or less in greatest dimension.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 8 (1998), S. 439-444 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Alcohol ; Liver neoplasms ; Liver neoplasms ; therapy ; Liver ; interventional procedure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of our study was to investigate local therapeutic effects and long-term results of combined transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in the treatment of large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Eight-six patients (67 males and 19 females, age range 48–75 years, mean age 65.1 years) with Child-Pugh class A (n = 48) or B (n = 38) liver cirrhosis and a large HCC (main tumor 3.1–8 cm in diameter with no more than two daughter nodules) were enrolled in a prospective study. All patients underwent a single TACE session followed by PEI. Follow-up ranged from 4 to 65 months (mean 27.8 months, median 26 months). No major complication occurred. The local therapeutic effect, as assessed on the basis of findings at CT and MR imaging, was complete response in 71 of 86 patients (82 %) and partial response in 15 of 86. Overall survival rates by the Kaplan-Meier method were 92 % at 1 year, 83 % at 2 years, 69 % at 3 years, 58 % at 4 years, and 47 % at 5 years. Survival of Child-Pugh A patients (75 % at 3 years and 59 % at 5 years) was significantly longer (p 〈 0.01) than that of Child-Pugh B patients (61 % at 3 years and 35 % at 5 years). Combined TACE and PEI is an effective treatment for large HCC.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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