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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 415 (2002), S. 364-364 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Sir In the News Review article “Bioweapons: Delivering death in the mail” (Nature 414, 837–838; 2001), you quote Stanford biophysicist Steven Block as opposing restrictions on access to bioweapons ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 111 (1982), S. 83-88 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Transport rates of the nonphosphorylated D-glucose analogs 6-deoxy-D-glucose and D-xylose were measured in quiescent and serum-stimulated cultures of mouse 3T3 cells, in SV40-transformed 3T3 cells (SV101), and in a density revertant cell line derived from SV101 (Fl-SV101). Initial rates of both entry and exit of 6-deoxy-D-glucose and D-xylose were more than threefold higher in serum-stimulated 3T3 and in SV101 cells than they were in quiescent 3T3 cells, but transport rates were not higher in the transformed cells (SV101) than they were in serum-stimulated 3T3. Confluent cultures of Fl-SV101 showed lower rates of transport than serum-stimulated Fl-SV101, but not as low as quiescent 3T3 cells. These data confirm previous findings of others with other analogs that glucose transport is one of the cell functions that is depressed when 3T3 cells enter the quiescent G0 state, but emphasize that SV40-transformed 3T3 cells do not show higher activity of the D-glucose carrier than do actively growing 3T3 cells. Thus, enhanced glucose transport appears not to be a specific consequence of transformation, but a reflection of the active growth state of the cell.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 111 (1982), S. 77-82 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: 6-Deoxy-D-glucose and D-xylose, structural homomorphs of D-glucose that lack a 6-hydroxyl group or a 6-hydroxymethyl group, respectively, are transported efficiently by mouse 3T3 cells, with good affinity and high specificity for the D-glucose transport system. Since these analogs lack the 6-hydroxyl group, which is the site of phosphorylation of glucose by hexokinase, they are taken up and are recoverable from cells in an unchanged state. Thus, 6-deoxy-D-glucose and D-xylose offer advantages as transport substrates over 2-deoxy-D-glucose, which is phosphorylated by intercellular hexokinases, and 3-O-methyl-D-glucose, which shows a lower specificity for the D-glucose transport system.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 111 (1982), S. 195-200 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The objective of this investigation was to determine whether the rate of glucose uptake by mouse 3T3 cells was a primary determinant of growth rate. The experimental approach was to control the rate of glucose uptake into intracellular pools by supplying this sugar at varying concentration in minimal Eagle's medium with dialyzed serum in the absence and presence of 6-deoxy-D-glucose, a metabolically inert homomorphic analog of D-glucose that competitively inhibits the uptake of D-glucose. Total hexose (D-glucose and 6-deoxy-D-glucose) concentration was maintained at the physiological concentration of 5.5 mM, in order to maintain saturation and maximum activity of the D-glucose transport system; thus the flux of D-glucose into the cell was controlled by adjusting its concentration relative to its competing nonmetabolizable analog. It was found that even when the concentration of D-glucose was reduced to 0.7 mM, one eighth of the “normal” level of 5.5 mM. and 6-deoxy-D-glucose was present in sevenfold excess (4.8 mM), conditions under which glucose uptake was reduced to 20% of that shown by cells in the presence of 5.5 mM D-glucose, and intracellular pools of glucose and phosphorylated sugars derived from glucose were reduced to approximately 14% of normal, there was not a significant decrease in growth rate. These data support the view that the rate of glucose uptake is not a primary determinant of growth rate under the usual conditions of cell culture.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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