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  • 1
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Every 20 years, the United Nations Organization (UN) promotes the Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat) to discuss the problems of housing and urban development and to sign international commitments that favor the existence and production of settlements Human resources. In preparation for the third edition of Habitat, the UN proposed the production of national reports from Member States to guide negotiations on the new global urban agenda. At the invitation of the National Council of Cities (ConCidades), Ipea was responsible for drafting the Brazilian Report for Habitat III. In this context, the following text discusses the main themes incorporated in this process of discussion / construction of the New Brazilian Urban Agenda.
    Keywords: O38 ; R28 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; New Urban Agenda ; Conference Habitat III ; right to the city ; sustainable urban development
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper analyzes the production diversity among Brazilian agricultural family farms, using the DAP (declaration of Pronaf entitlement). The diversity is measured with a Simpson index, that goes from zero, for monocultures, to one. Production is considerably diversified in these types of farms. 57% of them have a diversification index above 0,35, although it has been noticed an increase in specialization in recent years. The share of monoculture farms rose from 25% in 2012 to 33% in 2014. The diversification index is set as the dependent variable on a Tobit regression with variables that are commonly used to explain the decision to diversify, such as regional dummies, farm size, number of farms, farmer's age, income from social benefits, education, gross production, or a dummy for access to technical assistance. All of these variables have significant effects on production diversity. The results suggest a strong regional bias in terms of diversification, as well as the importance of technical assistance and the availability of technologies in order to spur diversification among family farmers.
    Keywords: H24 ; N46 ; E62 ; ddc:330 ; diversification ; public policies ; sustainability ; family farms
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: The mobility plan is the main instrument of the mobility policy. According to the City's Statute, all cities with more than five hundred thousand inhabitants must develop their plans. Within the federal law no 12.587/2012, this legal obligation has changed. Nowadays, cities with more than twenty thousand inhabitants have to develop it. Despite that obligation, since 2001 only 13 of the 36 cities have developed their plans. This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of those instruments and the relationship between them and the federal investments. Also, some considerations are made, highlighting the challenge for the municipalities to deal with the subject.
    Keywords: R42 ; R48 ; R49 ; ddc:330 ; mobility plans ; Urban Mobility National Policy ; PAC Mobility
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: This work presents the results of a research on urban mobility of the Social Perception Indicator System held in 2011, by the Ipea. In this document it is discussed the current mobility context in Brazil and, throughout the text, made a characterization of the population by the most used transport mode. It is also considered in the analysis the population's perception of the city and the public transportation used by them. The people's perception related to the travel time in the various modes of transport and the difficulties pointed to the realization of that travel are also taken into account in the study. Lastly, we propose an analysis of the mobility's problems from the general perception of its users.
    Keywords: R28 ; R40 ; O18 ; ddc:330 ; urban mobility ; social perception
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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