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  • 1
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2019-06-22
    Description: Does the emigration of skilled individuals necessarily result in losses for source countries due to the brain drain? Combining industry-level patenting and migration data from 32 European countries, we show that emigration in fact positively contributes to innovation in source countries. We use changes in the labour mobility legislation within Europe as exogenous variation to establish causality. By analysing patent citation data, we further provide evidence that these positive effects are driven by knowledge flows that are triggered by emigrants. While skilled migrants are not inventing in their home country anymore, they contribute to cross-border knowledge and technology diffusion and thus help less advanced countries to catch up to the technology frontier.
    Keywords: F22 ; J61 ; O33 ; O31 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; migration ; innovation ; knowledge spillovers ; patent citations ; EU enlargement
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    München: ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2019-06-22
    Description: Wer nur die Anteile der Geflüchteten in der Kriminalstatistik betrachtet, lässt wichtige Faktoren außer Acht: etwa das Anzeigeverhalten gegenüber Geflüchteten oder deren Alters- und Geschlechtsstruktur. Es fehlt außerdem an Medienaufmerksamkeit für die spezifischen, tiefer liegenden Gründe der Kriminalität unter Geflüchteten. Dabei könnte es sich um die Lebensbedingungen in den Unterkünften oder auch die Orientierungs- und Perspektiven­losigkeit in Deutschland handeln. Neben Verzerrungs- und möglichen Einflussfaktoren stellt der Artikel präventive Maßnahmen vor, um die Gewaltbereitschaft zu reduzieren.
    Keywords: F22 ; K42 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; Flüchtlinge ; Migranten ; Migrationspolitik ; Kriminalität
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
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    München: ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2019-06-26
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 4
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2018-04-12
    Description: Immigration has become one of the most divisive political issues in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and several other Western countries. We estimate the impact of immigration on voting for far-left and far-right parties in France, using panel data on presidential elections from 1988 to 2012. To derive causal estimates, we instrument more recent immigration flows by past settlement patterns in 1968. We find that immigration increases support for far-right candidates and has no robust effect on far-left voting. The increased support for far-right candidates is driven by low-skilled immigrants from non-Western countries.
    Keywords: D72 ; F22 ; J15 ; P16 ; ddc:330 ; Voting ; immigration ; political economy
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-23
    Description: This paper establishes a causal link between the emigration of skilled workers and firm performance in source countries. Using firm-level panel data from ten Eastern European countries, we show that the emigration of skilled workers lowers firm total factor productivity. We exploit time, country, and industry differences in the opening of EU labor markets from 2004 to 2014 as a source of exogenous variation in the emigration rates from new EU member states. We argue that a potential channel behind this effect relates to the reduction in firm-specific human capital due to a higher worker turnover.
    Keywords: O15 ; D24 ; F22 ; J24 ; ddc:330 ; migration ; firm productivity ; human capital ; EU enlargement
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2017-11-11
    Description: Using representative household survey data, we study the short-term microeconomic effects of the Egyptian revolution on household behaviour in terms of education, health expenditure and savings. We construct a new measure of political instability by analysing the number of fatalities during political protests throughout the country. Difference-in-Differences estimations show that affected households increased spending on education, especially on their sons' higher education. This can be explained by a positive outlook towards the future, with better labour market prospects. At the same time, households decreased spending on health and increased savings, which can be interpreted as precautionary behaviour.
    Keywords: D14 ; D74 ; I10 ; I22 ; ddc:330 ; Egypt ; education ; health ; household savings ; political uncertainty
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-12
    Description: Immigration has become one of the most divisive political issues in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and several other Western countries. We estimate the impact of immigration on voting for far-left and far-right candidates in France, using panel data on presidential elections from 1988 to 2017. To derive causal estimates, we instrument more recent immigration flows by past settlement patterns in 1968. We find that immigration increases support for far-right candidates and has no robust effect on far-left voting. The increased support for far-right candidates is driven by low educated immigrants from non-Western countries.
    Keywords: D72 ; F22 ; J15 ; P16 ; ddc:330 ; voting ; immigration ; political economy
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW - Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2018-10-02
    Description: Immigration has become one of the most divisive political issues in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and several other Western countries. We estimate the impact of immigration on voting for far-left and far-right candidates in France, using panel data on presidential elections from 1988 to 2017. To derive causal estimates, we instrument more recent immigration flows by past settlement patterns in 1968. We find that immigration increases support for far-right candidates and has no robust effect on far-left voting. The increased support for far-right candidates is driven by low educated immigrants from non-Western countries.
    Keywords: D72 ; F22 ; J15 ; P16 ; ddc:330 ; Voting ; Immigration ; Political economy
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 9
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW - Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2018-10-02
    Description: This paper estimates the causal effect of a job search support programme on the employment of asylum seekers in Germany. Asylum seekers typically need longer than other migrants to be successful in the host country's labour market. Individual skills such as education and labour market experience certainly play an important role. In addition to that, the job search process itself requires skills and institutional knowledge, which may be scarce among some groups, e.g. among newly arrived immigrants, non-economic migrants in particular. We believe the role of these frictions is an aspect that is very much understudied. We attempt to provide a rigorous evaluation of a program that aims at easing matching frictions. In particular, we design a field experiment to evaluate whether easing matching frictions affects the labour market integration of recent refugees in Germany. We interview around 400 job-seeking refugees attending job-counseling sessions of a Munich-based NGO. The participants are then randomly allocated to the treatment group and the control group. For the treatment group, the NGO identifies potentially suitable employers and, upon agreement of a job-seeker, sends a CV to those employers. This treatment can isolate the effect of frictions concerning the job search process, while it has no effect on the underlying skills of participants. We track individuals over time by conducting follow-up surveys of both the treatment group and the control group every six months. Preliminary results based on a limited sample show positive and significant treatment effects on employment after twelve months. Working with the full dataset, we will investigate the heterogeneity of treatment effects across skill groups and legal status, and the possible tradeoff between early employment and match quality.
    Keywords: F22 ; J61 ; J68 ; ddc:330 ; Refugees ; labour market integration ; matching frictions ; field experiment
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 10
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2017-01-27
    Description: This paper establishes a causal link between the emigration of skilled workers and firm performance. We exploit time, country, and industry differences in the opening of EU labour markets from 2004 to 2014 as a source of exogenous variation in the emigration rates from new EU member states. Using firm-level panel data from ten East European countries, we show that the outflow of skilled workers reduces firm total factor productivity and increases personnel costs. One explanation for this effect is the increased job turnover, which lowers firm-specific human capital. We find that the most productive firms adapt more easily to emigration as they are better able to retain and train their workers.
    Keywords: F22 ; O15 ; D24 ; ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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