Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Polypeptides in the motor axons of the sciatic nerve in 120-day-old normal and diabetic mice C57BL/Ks (db/db) were labeled by injection of [35S]methionine into the ventral horn of the spinal cord. At 8, 15, and 25 days after the injection, the distribution of radiolabeled polypeptides along the sciatic nerve was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Four major radiolabeled polypeptides, tentatively identified as actin, tubulin, and the two lightest subunits of the neurofilament triplet, were studied in both diabetic and control mice. In the diabetic animals, the two polypeptides identified as actin and tubulin showed a reduction of average velocity of migration along the sciatic nerve, resulting in a higher fraction of radioactivity in the proximal part of the sciatic nerve, whereas the front of radioactivity (advancing at maximal velocity) moved at a normal rate. In contrast, both the average and maximal velocities of the two neurofilament subunits were slower in the diabetic mice than in the control mice. These results indicate that the axonal transport of the cytoskeletal proteins is differentially affected in the course of diabetic neuropathy, and may suggest that the impairment concerns mainly the proteins carried by the slowest component of axonal transport.
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