Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Purpose. To describe the pharmacokinetics of SK&F 107647, a synthetichematoregulatory peptide, in healthy volunteers and in patientswith adenocarcinoma.Methods. SK&F 107647 pharmacokinetics were evaluated in 2dose-escalation studies. Volunteers received SK&F 107647 as single15-minute iv infusion doses of 1, 10, 100, 500, and 1000 μg/kg. Cancerpatients received 2-hour iv infusions of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1μg/kg once daily for 10 days. Drug concentrations were quantified in plasmaand urine of healthy volunteers and on days 1 and 10 in plasma ofcancer patients receiving the two top dose levels.Results. In volunteers, mean clearance (CL) ranged from 76.7 to 101ml/hour/kg; mean volume of distribution at steady-state (Vss)rangedfrom 175 to 268 ml/kg. Most of the administered dose was renallyexcreted as intact peptide within 24 hours postinfusion. In patients,mean CL was 57.6 ml/hour/kg, mean Vss ranged from 128 to 150ml/kg and terminal half-life from 2.1 to 3.4 hours. There was littleaccumulation of drug. In both studies, linear pharmacokinetics wasobserved. Clearance approached normal glomerular filtration rate(GFR) in volunteers and correlated with creatinine clearance incancer patients.Conclusions. SK&F 107647 exhibits linear pharmacokinetics, a smallVss, and clearance, primarily renal, approaching normal GFR.
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