free cholesterol efflux
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The effects of bezafibrate, a well-used fibric acid hypolipidemic agent, were investigated in 10 moderately hypertriglyceridemic patients. The aim was to quantify the physico-chemical modifications to high-density lipoprotein subfraction 3 (HDL3) induced by treatment and to assess, in vitro, the alterations in its principal physiological function, the efflux of intracellular free cholesterol. Treatment (200mg/thrice/d for 3 months) resulted in a 48% decrease in plasma triglycerides, with an increase in the HDL cholesterol, due mainly to an increase in the HDL3 (P 〈 0.01). Composition analysis of HDL3indicated an increase in cholesterol esters (P 〈 0.01), free cholesterol (P 〈 0.01), and phospholipids (P 〈 0.01), coupled with a decrease in the protein content of the molecule compared with pretreatment values. Fluorescense anisotropy at 24°C was significantly higher post-treatment than pretreatment (P 〈 0.01). The cholesterol effluxing capacity of pretreatment HDL3 was 28%, and post-treatment this increased to 50% (P 〈 0.01). Multivariate analyses indicated that the increased capacity of HDL3 to promote free cholesterol efflux was, in part, due to increased HDL3 phospholipid content and a more adequate fluidity of the molecule. These findings suggest that bezafibrate induces a lowering of plasma triglycerides and that the resultant physico-chemical alterations of the HDL3 molecule make it more efficient as an acceptor of intracellular free cholesterol.
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