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  • 1
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: In order to prepare and employ naval power and contribute to national defense, the Brazilian Navy, through its programs and projects, seeks to develop means of implementation of naval war operations and actions suitable for its main tasks - sea denial and control, and power projection. A significant portion of these efforts is the Submarine Development Program (PROSUB), which the ultimate purpose is to develop the first Brazilian nuclear-powered submarine. This paper aims to emphasize the importance of PROSUB (especially regarding the nuclear submarine) to the accomplishment of the Brazilian Navy constitutional mission and to the country's development and security, notably stressing its positive externalities (in technological, human resources and social terms) and the importance of its continuity and enhancement.
    Keywords: F5 ; H56 ; L64 ; ddc:330 ; Submarine Development Program (PROSUB) ; Brazilian nuclear submarine ; national defense ; geopolitics ; defense industry ; Defense Industrial Base (DIB) ; Blue Amazon ; maritime power ; public policies ; Brazilian Navy
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Space activities have been fundamental for defense, communications and meteorology sectors - as well as for observation and positioning operations and for daily life activities. The initial purpose of this paper is to detail the main characteristics of the Brazilian Space Program (PEB, in Portuguese), presenting Brazilian previous experience in space activities and relevant government bodies in the space sector. This text also means to present Alcântara Launching Center (CLA, in Portuguese) marketing points of view and the possible business models for its commercial exploration, considering the opportunities for Brazil to take part in the satellite and microsatellite launching market. After a further investigation about the main challenges for PEB, it concludes that CLA commercialization, as well as the ongoing space governance redesign and the consolidation of Alcântara Space Center (CEA, in Portuguese), represents an important milestone in the strengthening of the space sector in Brazil.
    Keywords: F52 ; F53 ; H56 ; O3 ; ddc:330 ; Brazilian Space Program ; Alcântara Launching Center ; space industry ; space activities ; satellites ; aerospace
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Being the most inhospitable continent in Earth, Antarctica has more than 90% of its territory covered with ice and contains around 70% of all drinkable water in the world. Its proximity to South America turns this region into especially relevant to Brazil, being included to the country's strategic surrounding area. Furthermore, Antarctica is prominent for being administered through an international regime based on a system of conventions and documents, which defined research activities as its fundamental purpose. The objective of this paper is to present the aspects of Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR, in Portuguese), the main instrument of the national Antarctic policy and the country's continued presence in the continent. In addition, this work aims to depict the importance of Antarctic activities to Brazil, considering not only strategic concerns, yet also their relevance to national scientific research. Finally, it investigates PROANTAR's budgetary elements, pointing out its current perspectives, and examines which directions the public policies should take to contribute to the program's continuity and strengthening.
    Keywords: F50 ; F53 ; Q50 ; Q55 ; ddc:330 ; Antarctica ; Brazilian Antarctic Program ; research and development (R&D) ; strategic surrounding area ; geopolitics ; maritime power
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: National Defense requires adequately trained, prepared and equipped armed forces to perform in guaranteeing national interests and protect sovereignty. Regarding the issue of equipping - which is the main focus of the three forces' (Navy, Army, and Air Force) strategic programs - it is not restricted to investment in updated defense equipment and systems procurement, but chiefly the development of endogenous scientific-technological capacities able to provide defense needs. This makes it vital to undertake efforts and investments in the area of science, technology, and innovation, especially in research and development activities aimed at national defense. The purpose of this work is to analyze the importance of such activities in the achievement of the main strategic programs of the Brazilian Navy. For this purpose, the main aspects of the interrelation between national defense and science, technology and innovation, the general characteristics of the Navy's main strategic programs and the importance of scientific-technological enterprises in their development will be examined.
    Keywords: L64 ; O32 ; O38 ; ddc:330 ; national defense ; science ; technology and innovation ; Brazilian Navy ; strategic programs ; Armed Forces
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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