nitric oxide synthase inhibitor
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract It has been suggested that free radicals are involved in esophagitis. To study the role and potential interaction of superoxide anion and nitric oxide (NO) in low-grade esophagitis, we perfused acidified pepsin (30 min every 12 hr) for seven days in rabbits treated with different agents to modulate the generation of these radicals. Measurements included macroscopic and microscopic damage, superoxide anion generation, mucosal nitric oxide synthase activity, and peroxynitrite formation. Low-grade esophagitis was associated with increased nitric oxide synthase mucosal activity and mucosal damage was dose-dependently increased by treatment with the NO synthase inhibitor N G-nitro-l-arginine. Superoxide anion was scarcely generated in the mucosa, but this was not accompanied by any change in the activity of mucosal superoxide dismutase. Treatment with superoxide dismutase did not improve mucosal damage. Generation of peroxynitrites was not detected. In conclusion, nitric oxide is involved in the mucosal defense of the esophagus against acid- and pepsin-induced damage. Superoxide anion generation seems irrelevant in the induction of low-grade esophagitis and not sufficient to interact with nitric oxide to generate measurable mucosal peroxynitrite radicals.
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