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  • 1
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Offset agreements represent a mechanism widely used by national governments, from which they pursue economic, commercial, industrial and technological benefits. It is the most popular and sophisticated counter-trade instrument, underpinning government procurement policy, involving a wide range of compensatory activities, such as licensed production, co-production, subcontracted production, investment, and technology transfer. National governments require these compensatory activities to foreign firms hired to supply high-cost goods and services, which confers high bargaining power on purchasing governments. Estimates of the magnitude of the offset arrangements presented in the literature are heterogeneous but vary between 5% and 30% of the total value of international transactions, corroborating the importance of this topic. The objective of this study is to contribute to the understanding of this policy scarcely explored by Brazilian literature, elucidating some issues that permeate it, such as adopted mechanisms, intended objectives, difficulties faced towards the achievement of goals, regulatory aspects, historical, military and civil offset. From the methodological point of view, this study is eminently qualitative, exploratory and descriptive, supported by bibliographical and documentary research.
    Keywords: H5 ; H57 ; ddc:330 ; countertrade ; offset agreements ; military offset and civil offset
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: It should be emphasized the role assumed by government procurement policy in the list of public policies since this mechanism can be used to achieve a wide range of objectives. Moreover, this importance becomes even more evident when the high proportion of government purchasing power vis-à-vis the GDP of countries is verified. In Brazil, based on the study that will be presented in this text for discussion, the magnitude of the government procurement market represents 12.5% of the country's GDP (average calculated for the period 2006 and 2016). Given the importance of the market and government procurement policy, and intending to the scarcity of studies on these topics, the relevance of studies that throw light on them is in the eye. This is precisely the objective of this study, namely, to bring to the fore data and information about the Brazilian government procurement market between 2006 and 2016, considering the following dimensions: i) purchases of costing versus capital purchases; ii) direct administration and indirect administration (for the federal government); and iii) Participation of the three Federation ones. Besides the measurement of the Brazilian government procurement market for the period explained, this study also proposes to present explanations for the drop of about 4.5 p.p. between 2012 and 2016. Concerning methodological strategies, this study is mainly based on two mechanisms: i) bibliographic review of the literature concerning the central theme of the research; and ii) collection and analysis of secondary data from the Brazilian official bases, to measuring and analyzing the Brazilian government procurement market.
    Keywords: H5 ; H57 ; ddc:330 ; Brazil ; public procurement policy ; public procurement market assessment ; development
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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