Spatio-temporal dynamics of the egg-laying-inducing peptides during an egg-laying cycle: a semiquantitative matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry approach
Blackwell Science Ltd
Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The activity-dependent release of peptides from the neuro-endocrine caudodorsal cell (CDC) system of the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis regulates egg laying and related behaviors. In this study, we optimized a mass spectrometry-based approach to study the spatio-temporal dynamics of peptides that are largely derived from the CDC hormone precursor during an egg-laying cycle and a CDC discharge in vitro. Semi-quantitative peptide mass profiling using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) indicated a massive depletion of peptides from the neurohemal area in the cerebral commissure (COM) during egg laying and the existence of a reserve pool of peptides in the CDC somata that were transported to the COM to restore peptide levels. The depletion of CDC peptides from the COM was correlated to their release during an induced electrical discharge in vitro. Moreover, MALDI-MS of the releasate revealed extensive truncation of the carboxyl terminal peptide. Finally, two novel peptides of 1788 and 5895 Da, not encoded by the CDC hormone precursor, also exhibited temporal quantitative changes similar to those of CDC peptides. Sequencing of the peptide of 1788 Da by tandem mass spectrometry yielded the novel sequence HF(FH)FYGPYDVFQRDVamide. Together, this implicates a more complex set of CDC peptides for the regulation of egg laying than previously anticipated.
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