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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 43 (1999), S. 257-262 
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words Docetaxel ; Non-small-cell lung cancer ; Chemotherapy ; Second-line treatment
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: To investigate the activity of docetaxel and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support (G-CSF) in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with cisplatin. Patients and methods: A total of 60 patients with locoregional and metastatic NSCLC who had relapsed or progressed after first-line treatment with cisplatin-based regimens were enrolled into the trial. Docetaxel at 100 mg/m2 was given as a 1-h infusion with G-CSF (rhG-CSF given s.c. at 150 μg/m2) support from day 2 to day 8 every 3 weeks; all patients received premedication with corticosteroids. Results: In all, 1 (1.6%) and 14 (23.3%) patients achieved a complete response (CR) and a partial response (PR), respectively, for an overall response rate of 25% (95% CI 14.0–35.9%); stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD) were documented in 18 (30%) and 27 (45%) patients, respectively. The median duration of response was 20 weeks and the median time to tumor progression was 28 weeks. The median overall survival was 32 weeks and the 1-year survival rate was 23%. A total of 263 courses were given at a median of 3 cycles/patient. Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia occurred in 11 (18%) and 14 (23%) patients, respectively, with 18 (30%) patients requiring hospitalization for neutropenic fever; 1 patient died of sepsis. Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy occurred in 9 patients (15%) and grade 3 asthenia, in 4 (7%). Other toxicities were mild. Conclusions: Docetaxel has considerable single-agent activity in patients with NSCLC who have relapsed or progressed after first-line chemotherapy with cisplatin-based regimens.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 46 (2000), S. 488-492 
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words Docetaxel ; Solid tumors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of weekly administration of docetaxel for three consecutive weeks every 4 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and methods: A total of 26 patients with malignant tumors refractory to conventional treatment were enrolled in this phase I study; their median age was 62 years. Of the 26 patients, 16 (62%) had previously received more than one chemotherapy regimen and 17 (65%) had previously received taxanes in a 3-week schedule. Docetaxel was administered after appropriate premedication at escalating doses (starting dose 30 mg/m2) as a 1-h i.v. infusion for three consecutive weeks in cycles of 4 weeks. Results: A total of 68 chemotherapy cycles were administered with a median of three cycles per patient (range one to six). The DLT was reached at 45 mg/m2 per week and the dose-limiting events were grade 4 neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and treatment delay due to incomplete hematologic recovery. The MTD was defined at a dose of 42 mg/m2/week. Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in seven patients (27%) (10% of cycles), and four patients (15%) developed febrile neutropenia. There were no deaths due to sepsis. Grade 2 peripheral neurotoxicity was observed in two patients (8%), grade 2 and 3 fatigue in 14 (54%), grade 2 edema in seven (27%), mild allergic reactions in two (8%) and lacrimation in three (12%). One (4%) complete response and eight (35%) partial responses (overall response rate 39%) were observed in 23 evaluable patients. Stable disease and progressive disease were observed in six patients (26%) and eight patients (35%), respectively. All responses were observed in patients with metastatic breast cancer, one of whom had progressed on paclitaxel-based and two of whom had progressed on docetaxel-based chemotherapy. Conclusions: The weekly administration of docetaxel for three consecutive weeks every 28 days is a feasible schedule with a favorable toxicity profile, and can be given on an outpatient basis. Moreover, this schedule of docetaxel administration seems to have an enhanced efficacy, especially in patients with advanced breast cancer who have failed front-line taxane-based chemotherapy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 10 (1999), S. 211-215 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: docetaxel ; gemcitabine ; metastatic breast cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: The activity of the docetaxel–gemcitabine combination in women with disease progression after initial chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) was investigated in a multicenter phase II study. Patients and methods: Fifty-two patients with metastatic breast cancer who had disease relapse or progression after completion of an anthracycline-based front-line regimen were treated with gemcitabine 900 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8 and docetaxel 100 mg/m2 on day 8. G-CSF 150 µcg/m2/d s.c. was given from day 9 to day 16 and the treatment was repeated every three weeks. The patients' median age was 57 years and the performance status (WHO) was 0 for 26, 1 for 20 and 2 for 6 patients. The treatment was second-line for 27 (52%) and ≥ third-line for 25 (48%) patients. All patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. Results: Complete response occurred in seven (14%) patients and partial response in 21 (40%) for an overall response rate of 54% (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 40%–67%). Fifteen (29%) patients had stable disease and nine (17%) progressive disease. Of 25 patients previously treated with taxanes, 11 (44%) responded (1 CR, 10 PR). Interestingly, in four patients with disease progression while receiving docetaxel or paclitaxel monotherapy, the docetaxel + gemcitabine combination achieved partial responses. Responses were observed at all metastatic sites (local disease 62%, lymph nodes 58%, skin 44%, lung 47% and liver 36%) with a median duration of response of 3.6 months (range 1–16) and a median time to disease progression of eight months (range 2–18.5). Grade 3 neutropenia developed in 10 (19%) and grade 4 in five (10%) patients. Neutropenia was associated with infection in four patients without toxic deaths. Grade 3 thrombocytopenia developed in nine (17%) patients and grade 4 in two (4%). Non-hematologic toxicity was usually mild. Conclusion: The docetaxel–gemcitabine combination is an active and well tolerated salvage treatment in patients with MBC. Previous treatment with taxanes does not preclude a good clinical response to this regimen.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 11 (2000), S. 1249-1254 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: breast cancer ; docetaxel ; epirubicin
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose:In a previous phase I trial we evaluated the toxicity anddetermined the maximum tolerated doses of the docetaxel (D)–epirubicin(Epi) combination. We conducted a multicenter phase II study to evaluate theefficacy and tolerability of this regimen as front-line treatment in womenwith advanced breast cancer (ABC). Patients and methods:Fifty-four women with ABC stage IIIB (4patients) or IV (50 patients) received front-line treatment with Epi 70mg/m2 on day 1 and D 90 mg/m2 on day 2. The median agewas 55 years, performance status (WHO) was 0–1 in 49 patients andvisceral disease was present in 45 (83%). Results:All patients were evaluable for toxicity and 50 forresponse. In an intent-to-treat analysis complete remission was observed in5(9%) patients, partial remission in 31 (57%) (overall responserate 66%, 95% confidence interval: 54%–79%),stable disease in 9 (17%) and disease progression in 9 (17%).After a median follow-up of 11.5 months, the median duration of responses was8 months, the median time to disease progression 11.5 months and the mediansurvival has not yet been reached. The probability of one-year survival was65%. Three hundred six cycles of treatment were administered (median6 cycles per patient). Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia was observed in 8(15%) and 31 (57%) patients, respectively, and febrileneutropenia in 19 (35%). Prophylactic rh-G-CSF was used in 45(83%) patients or 226 (74%) cycles. Other hematologic ornon-hematologic toxicities were usually mild. In five (9%) patients theleft ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was decreased by more than10% with the treatment. Two patients died during the treatment ofrespiratory failure without associated neutropenia. Conclusions:The combination of docetaxel–epirubicin is aneffective and well tolerated front-line treatment in patients with ABC.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 11 (2000), S. 757-760 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: cisplatin ; CPT-11 ; NSCLC ; salvage treatment
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background:A phase II study was conducted in order to determinethe toxicity and efficacy of the combination of CPT-11 and cisplatin, assalvage treatment in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer(NSCLC), progressing after a docetaxel-based front-line regimen. Patients and methods:Thirty-one patients (median age 61 years)with NSCLC, were enrolled. Twenty-six (84%) patients were male,twenty-five (81%) had disease stage IV, and twenty-eight (90%)had a performance status (WHO) 0–1. CPT-11 was administered as a60-minute i.v. infusion at the dose of 100 mg/m2 on day 1 and 110mg/m2 on day 8; cisplatin was administered at the dose of 80mg/m2 on day 8, after CPT-11 administration. Treatment was repeatedevery three weeks. Results:A total of 110 chemotherapy cycles were administered. Inan intention-to-treat analysis 7 patients (23%; 95% confidenceinterval (95% CI): 8%–37%) achieved a partialresponse, 6 (19%) had stable disease, and 18 (58%) progressivedisease. Three of responders had failed a previous docetaxel–carboplatincombination. The median duration of response was 3 months, the median TTP 8months and the median survival for the entire group 8 months. Grade 3–4neutropenia was observed in 16 (52%) patients and in two cases this wasfebrile. Grade 3 and 4 thrombocytopenia occurred in two (7%) patients,respectively. Grade 3 and 4 diarrhea was seen in 10 (33%) patients,grade 2–3 neurotoxicity in 2 (6%), and fatigue grade 2–3in 12 (39%). Other toxicities were mild. Conclusions:The combination of CPT-11 and cisplatin hasmanageable toxicity and interesting activity as salvage treatment of patientswith advanced NSCLC, previously treated with a docetaxel-based front-lineregimen.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 10 (1999), S. 547-552 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: breast cancer ; docetaxel ; epirubicin
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) and the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of docetaxel (D) in combination with epirubicin (Epi) in patients with advanced breast cancer. Patients and methods: Forty-seven chemotherapy-naïve metastatic breast cancer patients aged 〈75 years with PS (WHO) 0–2 and adequate bone marrow, renal, liver and cardiac function, were enrolled in the study. Epi was given as a five-min bolus i.v. infusion on day 1 (d1) in escalated doses with increments of 10 mg/m2; D was given in a one-hour infusion after appropriate premedication on either day 1 or on day 2 in escalated doses with increments of 10 mg/m2. The patients' median age was 60 years, 42 (89%) had a PS (WHO) 0–1, 16 (34%) were premenopausal and 25 (53%) had visceral disease. Results: When the two drugs were given on the same day, the MTD1 was reached at the doses of Epi 60 mg/m2 and D 80 mg/m2; administration of G-CSF could not result in a dose intensification. When the drugs were given on two consecutive days, the MTD2 was reached at the doses of Epi 80 mg/m2 (d1) and D 90 mg/m2 (d2). The dose-limiting events were febrile neutropenia and grade 4 neutropenia, which developed in 30 (64%) patients during the study; among 227 delivered cycles grade 3–4 neutropenia occurred in 64 (28%) cycles but only 22 (10%) of them were complicated by fever. There were no septic deaths. Grade 1–2 neurosensory toxicity occurred in nine (19%) patients, mild edema in eight (17%) and allergic reactions in five (11%). Four (9%) patients presented a greater than 10% decrease of LVEF and treatment discontinuation was required in two of them; none of the patients developed congestive heart failure. Nevertheless, one patient suddenly died 10 days after treatment initiation of myocardial ischemia, and this death is considered treatment-related. Five (14.7%) complete and thirteen (38.2%) partial responses (ORR: 53.9%; 95% confidence interval: 36.1%–69.7%) were observed in 34 evaluable patients. Ten (29.4%) and six (17.6%) patients had stable and progressive disease, respectively. The median duration of response and time to tumor progression were five and seven months, respectively. The median survival has not yet been reached. Conclusions: The combination of epirubicin and docetaxel is a feasible and well tolerated regimen, but the MTD depends on the administration schedule of the drugs.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 9 (1998), S. 1127-1130 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: gemcitabine ; non-small-cell lung cancer ; paclitaxel ; phase II trial
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: To evaluate the tolerance and efficacy of the combination of paclitaxel and gemcitabine as salvage treatment in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods: Forty-nine patients with measurable NSCLC (PS 0–1: 80%; stage IV: 84%) who progressed or failed first-line chemotherapy were enrolled. Prior chemotherapy was cisplatin-based with (n = 20) or without (n = 22) docetaxel and docetaxel–vinorelbine (n = 7). Patients received gemcitabine (900 mg/m2 i.v.; days 1 and 8) and paclitaxel (175 mg/m2; day 8) every three weeks; G-CSF (150 µg/m2/day s.c.; days 9–15) was given prophylactically to all patients. Results: One (2%) complete and eight (16%) partial responses were achieved (overall response 18%; 95% CI: 4%–24%); 14 patients (29%) had stable disease and 26 (53%) progressive disease. Six responses were observed in 17 patients who responded to first-line chemotherapy. The median duration of response was seven months, the median TTP eight months and the median survival 11 months. The one-year survival rate was 37%. Grade 3–4 neutropenia occured in six (12%) patients, grade 2–3 neurotoxicity in 16 (32%) and grade 2–3 asthenia in 25 (51%). Other toxicities were mild. Conclusions: The paclitaxel-gemcitabine combination is a well-tolerated and relatively active salvage regimen in patients with NSCLC and it merits further investigation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 9 (1998), S. 331-334 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: chemotherapy ; cisplatin ; docetaxel ; non-small-cell lung cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the docetaxel-cisplatin combination in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods: Chemotherapy-naïve patients with histologically confirmed, measurable stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, a World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0–2 and adequate bone marrow, renal, hepatic and cardiac function were eligible for the study. Patients received docetaxel (100 mg/m2) as an one-hour infusion on day 1 and cisplatin (80 mg/m2) as a 30-min infusion with appropriate hydration on day 2. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF; 150 µg/m2 , SC) was given on days 3 to 13. Treatment was repeated every three weeks. Results: Fifty-three patients were enrolled (28 with stage IIIB and 25 with stage IV). One complete and 23 partial responses were observed (overall response rate (OR): 45%; 95% CI: 34.1%–61.8%). The response rate was 57% and 32% in patients with stages IIIB and IV disease (P = NS). The median time to progression was 36 weeks and the median survival 48 weeks; the one-year survival was 48%. Grade 3–4 neutropenia occurred in 23 patients, 15 of whom were hospitalized for neutropenic fever; two patients died of sepsis. Grade 2 neurotoxicity was observed in six patients and grade 3 in five patients; grade 3 fatigue occurred in seven patients, grade 3–4 mucositis in four patients and grade 3–4 diarrhea in six patients. Mild allergic reactions and oedema were observed in five and four patients, respectively. The median dose intensity was 30 mg/m2 /week for docetaxel and 24 mg/m2 /week for cisplatin, corresponding to 91% and 89% of the specified protocol doses, respectively. Conclusions: The docetaxel–cisplatin combination is an active regimen in advanced NSCLC, but hematologic toxicity remains high despite the prophylactic use of G-CSF.
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  • 9
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    BMJ Publishing
    In: BMJ Open
    Publication Date: 2014-05-25
    Description: Objectives Treatment decision-making in colorectal cancer is often guided by tumour tissue molecular analysis. The aim of this study was the development and validation of a high-resolution melting (HRM) method for the detection of KRAS , NRAS and BRAF mutations in Greek and Romanian patients with colorectal cancer and determination of the frequency of these mutations in the respective populations. Setting Diagnostic molecular laboratory located in Athens, Greece. Participants 2425 patients with colorectal cancer participated in the study. Primary and secondary outcome measures 2071 patients with colorectal cancer (1699 of Greek and 372 of Romanian origin) were analysed for KRAS exon 2 mutations. In addition, 354 tumours from consecutive patients (196 Greek and 161 Romanian) were subjected to full KRAS (exons 2, 3 and 4), NRAS (exons 2, 3 and 4) and BRAF (exon 15) analysis. KRAS , NRAS and BRAF mutation detection was performed by a newly designed HRM analysis protocol, followed by Sanger sequencing. Results KRAS exon 2 mutations (codons 12/13) were detected in 702 of the 1699 Greek patients with colorectal carcinoma analysed (41.3%) and in 39.2% (146/372) of the Romanian patients. Among the 354 patients who were subjected to full KRAS , NRAS and BRAF analysis, 40.96% had KRAS exon 2 mutations (codons 12/13). Among the KRAS exon 2 wild-type patients 15.31% harboured additional RAS mutations and 12.44% BRAF mutations. The newly designed HRM method used showed a higher sensitivity compared with the sequencing method. Conclusions The HRM method developed was shown to be a reliable method for KRAS , NRAS and BRAF mutation detection. Furthermore, no difference in the mutation frequency of KRAS , NRAS and BRAF was observed between Greek and Romanian patients with colorectal cancer.
    Keywords: Open access, Genetics and genomics, Oncology
    Electronic ISSN: 2044-6055
    Topics: Medicine
    Published by BMJ Publishing
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