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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of fish biology 44 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Artificially fertilized eggs and yolk-sac larvae of a freshwater tropical/subtropical fish Clarias gariepinus receiving no external food were incubated at 22, 25 and 28° C until full yolk resorption. Developmental time, size and matter composition (CHNS-O Analyzer and ashing) were assessed at egg fertilization, hatching and yolk resorption; respiration was measured every 4–5 h. The course of acceleration of C. gariepinus embryonic developmental rate with temperature (Q10dev) was compared over the temperature range to those of Cyprinus carpio and Oncorhynchus mykiss; they differed greatly, but were similar when compared on the basis of effective temperatures specific to each fish. Specific growth rates for energy (88, 150 and 183% per day at 22,25 and 28° C, respectively) as well as the conversion efficiencies of egg energy (64, 71 and 68%, respectively) and protein (71, 78 and 76%, respectively) in C. gariepinus larval tissues were higher than those known for the endogenous feeding period of coldwater and temperate fish species. In C. gariepinus at the end of yolk resorption, the carbon percentage and caloric values of dry weight, size (in terms of dry matter, minerals, protein and energy per larva) and transformation efficiencies were lowest at 22° C, highest at 25° C and had slightly decreased at 28° C. A tentative mechanism which leads to the positive or negative response of body size to temperature over the viable temperature range is defined.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Verlag GmbH
    Journal of applied ichthyology 19 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1439-0426
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Natural diets of tench (Tinca tinca L.), carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus Val.) were studied to determine food competition among them in polyculture stocks of two different densities. Tench diet consisted mainly of zooplankton (43.8%) and bottom sediments (21.2%). In contrast, carp diet consisted mainly of bottom items including plant debris and detritus (68.8%), which dominated over zooplankton (19.1%). In bigmouth buffalo, most food bulk comprised zooplankton (80.7%). Thus, the resulting food competition (i.e. similarity) was most pronounced between tench and carp (60.8%) and between tench and bigmouth buffalo (47.4%). When comparing growth performance of the three cultured species, the ratios between stocking and harvesting size were: in normal stocking density (392 kg ha−1) 1.72, 3.67 and 2.13, and in doubled stocking density (777 kg ha−1) 1.07, 2.33 and 2.16 in tench, carp and bigmouth buffalo, respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Aquaculture research 25 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2109
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract. The effect of two GnRH-As – des Gly10 (D-Ala)6 LHRH and des Gly10 (D-Tle)6 GnRH in total doses 10–249mu;g/kg – and four neuroleptics – pimozide, sulpiride, metoclopramide and isofloxythepin in total doses 1–50mg/kg - and environmental temperatures on the development of final stages of Pacific mullet oogenesis was investigated. The best technique of those used by us for spawning stimulation of Pacific mullet, Mugil so-iuy Bas., females is shown to be administration of neuroleptics in doses of l-8mg/kg with posterior injections on GnRH-A in doses of 25 and 50mu; g/kg applied 4 and 28h respectively after the neuroleptic injection. At water temperatures below 17°C, ovulation does not occur unless the optimal stimulation is applied.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Aquaculture research 35 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2109
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Spermiation in 3-year-old sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus (L.), males maintained under warm water conditions was induced by intramuscular injection of either (i) (D-Ala6)-GnRH-ProNHEt (Kobarelin); (ii) mammalian GnRH analogue+metoclopramide (Ovopel); or (iii) human chorionic gonadotropin (Biogonadyl). The volume of milt, sperm concentration and motility were measured. A higher percentage of spermiating males was obtained after Kobarelin or Ovopel treatment (81.8% and 77.7% respectively) in comparison with fish treated with Biogonadyl (40.0%). However, only stimulation with Ovopel guaranteed motile spermatozoa in all spermiating males. Moreover, treatment with Ovopel resulted in the highest average milt volume, sperm concentration and motility. The average total number of motile spermatozoa (milt volume×sperm concentration×sperm motility) per individual was 0.99×109, 5.31×109 and 0.02×109 after stimulation with Kobarelin, Ovopel or Biogonadyl respectively. Our data indicate that Ovopel is a good stimulator of spermation in sturgeons. Moreover, the time of sexual maturation could be significantly reduced in sturgeons maintained in cages under warm water conditions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Aquaculture research 17 (1986), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2109
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract. The synthetic LH-RH (luliberine) has proved to be successful in inducing the ovulation of sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus L. Three dosages of LH-RH 50, along with carp pituitary, and 100 and 300 μg/kg of body weight were administered, and 100 and 300 μg of LH-RH/kg body weight were found to be successful in ovulation. Spawners were kept at low temperature (9–12°C). Forty-two hours after treatment the eggs entered ovulation in the ovary and became suitable for stripping. The ripening ratio for spawners varied between 75 and 83%. The eggs that could be obtained by opening the abdominal wall were fertilized with milt diluted with pond water to avoid polyspermism. The fertility of the stripped eggs was 89–90%. Despite a reduced number of subjects (12 treated, 2 control females), as a result of the favourable fertilization percentage, approximately 55 000 fingerlings were reared in tanks to approximately 5–7cm in size.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Aquaculture 65 (1987), S. 353-358 
    ISSN: 0044-8486
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Aquaculture 100 (1992), S. 324-325 
    ISSN: 0044-8486
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Aquaculture 54 (1986), S. 37-44 
    ISSN: 0044-8486
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Aquaculture international 5 (1997), S. 375-377 
    ISSN: 1573-143X
    Keywords: GnRHa ; Ovulation ; Perch (Perca fluviatilis) ; Spawning
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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