Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Purpose. The objectives of this study were: to delineate the pharmacokinetics of CTLA4Ig in rats after single and multiple intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous (SC) doses; to assess the relationship of the pharmacokinetic parameters of CTLA4Ig vs dose; to calculate the SC absolute bioavailability; and to assess the antibody response of CTLA4Ig. Methods. A total of 48 (24 male and 24 female) Sprague Dawley rats were divided into eight treatments with 3 rats per gender in each group: a single dose of 10, 80, or 200 mg/kg of CTLA4Ig given either IV or SC and a repeated dose of 10 mg/kg (once every other day for 7 doses over 13 days) given either SC or IV. Serial blood samples were collected up to 43 days after single dose administration and up to 50 days following the administration of the last multiple dose on day 13. The serum concentration of CTLA4Ig and anti-CTLA4Ig antibodies were measured using ELISA assays. Results. After single IV doses, Cmax and AUCinf increased in a dose proportional manner; CL appeared to be dose independent, while both Vss and T1/2 increased as the administered dose increased. Following single SC doses, Cmax and AUCinf increased in a linear manner but not proportionally; mean Tmax values were prolonged but similar among the three dose levels, while T1/2 increased as the administered dose increased. The absolute SC bioavailability of CTLA4Ig decreased as the dose increased from 10 (62.5%), 80 (55.7%), and 200 mg/kg (41.1%). Comparison of the AUCtau values between the first and last doses suggested an accumulation (3.1−4.7) of CTLA4Ig. However, regardless of the route of dosing, AUCtau after the last dose were comparable to AUCinf values following the single dose. Anti-CTLA4Ig antibodies were detected at the 10 mg/kg dose level after single or multiple doses for both routes of administration. However, regardless of single or multiple doses, antibody titers were relatively greater for the SC compared to the IV administration. Conclusions. The key findings of this study were: (i) the elimination characteristics of CTLA4Ig were comparable between the SC and IV routes; (ii) the repeated dosing did not alter the pharmacokinetics of CTLA4Ig; (iii) the SC absolute bioavailability tended to decrease as the administered dose increased; and (iv) a greater formation of anti-CTLA4Ig antibodies was observed after SC compared to IV at a single 10 mg/kg dose level; however, after multiple dosing, the formation of antibodies from either of the two routes was relatively slower, and (v) during the study period, no antibodies were observed at either the 80 or 200 mg/kg dose levels regardless of the route of administration.
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