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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Wiesbaden : Springer VS
    Keywords: Studium ; Qualifikation ; Bildungsstatus ; Bildungsertrag ; Berufsrolle ; Einkommen ; Life cycle, Human ; Deutschland ; Life course ; Social Structure, Social Inequality ; Sociology of Education ; Hochschulschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Studium ; Qualifikation ; Bildungsstatus ; Bildungsertrag ; Berufsrolle ; Einkommen
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (XIV, 206 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9783658277277
    Series Statement: Life Course Research
    DDC: 306
    Language: German
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Universität Leipzig 2019
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  • 2
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    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2016-09-13
    Description: Many studies have shown that in recent years, the fear of falling has increased in the German middle class. In this paper, it will be investigated how these worries have developed over an extended period of 30 years. A longitudinal analysis will be carried out using data gathered from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) between the years 1984 and 2014. We analyse fears of job loss indicating the fear of falling from a maximum of 49,102 people in work (comprising 286,049 observations). The descriptive trend analyses and random effects regressions reveal that from the beginning of the observation period up to the year 2005, the fear of job loss had risen in all social classes, but was at its strongest for the central middle class. For the period between 2006 and 2014, however, the fear of falling reduced significantly in all classes. Despite the European economic crisis in 2009, the level of fears in almost all classes at the end of the observation period in 2014 was at the same low-point as in 1991. During this period the level of fear reduced at its greatest rate in the central middle class in comparison to all other classes.correlation.
    Description: Neueren Studien zufolge hat in der deutschen Mittelschicht die Angst vor dem sozialen Ab-stieg, d.h. vor Verlust des sozioökonomischen Status, seit Jahren zugenommen. Wir argumentieren, dass die These eines im Schichtvergleich überproportionalen Anstiegs von Statusverunsicherung nur für das mittlere Segment der Mittelschicht zutrifft, d.h. für beruflich qualifizierte Beschäftigte mit gehobenen Routineaufgaben im Dienstleistungssektor. Zweitens behaupten wir, dass in diesem Schichtsegment der Grad der Statusverunsicherung auch überproportional schwindet, wenn die wahrgenommenen Ursachen der Statusbedrohung rückläufig sind. Diese These testen wir mittels Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) der Wellen 1984 bis 2014 für maximal 49,102 Erwerbstätige, von denen 286,049 Beobachtungen vorliegen. Anhand des Indikators der Sorge vor Verlust des Arbeitsplatzes zeigen wir mit deskriptiven Trendanalysen und Random Effects Regressionen, dass die empfundene Unsicherheit von Beginn des Beobachtungszeitraums bis 2005 in allen Schichten angestiegen ist, wobei der Anstieg in der mittleren Mitte am stärksten war. Für 2006 bis 2014 beobachten wir dagegen einen starken Rückgang der Statusverunsicherung in allen Schichten. Trotz der Wirtschaftskrise 2009 war das Ausmaß der Sorgen am Ende des Beobachtungszeitraums 2014 in fast allen Schichten auf dem niedrigen Niveau von 1991. Dabei sank das Ausmaß der Sorgen in der mittleren Mittelschicht im Schichtvergleich am stärksten ab. Wir fassen unsere Ergebnisse in der These der mittleren Mittelschicht als das sensible Zentrum der Gesellschaft zusammen.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Abstiegsangst ; EGP-Klassenschema ; Längsschnittanalyse ; Mittelschicht ; Statusverunsicherung
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: The paper examines the extent to which the prestige value of a retiree's former occupation increases the likelihood that they will make a transition into volunteering after retirement. Following social production function theory, we assume that when a person retires, the prestige value attached to their former occupation fades. The fact that volunteering has the character of a collective good provides the opportunity to gain social prestige to offset the loss of occupational prestige. However, the extent of the incentive to volunteer will be distributed unequally across occupations: the higher the former occupational prestige value, the higher the perceived loss of prestige after retirement. Thus, doing a job with high prestige value increases the incentive to volunteer in retirement. This assumption is tested, using data taken from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1992 - 2013. The sample contains 1,631 workers and 589 retirees, 278 of whom transitioned into volunteering during the observation window. Based on Kaplan-Meier-Failure-Estimates and complementary log-log hazard models, findings show a positive effect of occupational prestige on the transition into volunteering. Thus, the loss of high occupational prestige can be compensated by the social prestige associated with volunteering. Formal volunteering in retirement follows, albeit to a lesser extent, the logic of the occupational social strata.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Social Production Function Theory ; Retirement ; Volunteering ; Occupations
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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