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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 70 (1998), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: A cDNA clone (S2-1a) isolated from a mouse brain cDNA library, using a guinea pig σ1 cDNA as probe, has high homology to the predicted protein sequence of the guinea pig (88%) and human (90%) σ1 receptors. Northern analysis revealed a major mRNA of ∼1.8 kb in a wide range of mouse tissues, with highest levels in brain, liver, kidney, and thymus. Southern analysis and chromosomal mapping in the mouse suggested a single-copy gene in region A5-B2 of chromosome 4. Expression of the clone in MCF-7 and CHO cells led to a pronounced increase in (+)-[3H]pentazocine binding with a selectivity profile consistent with σ1 receptors. In vitro translation yielded a protein of ∼28 kDa, as did transfection of a probe containing the hemagglutinin (HA) epitope (S2-1a.HA) into CHO cells, as determined by western analysis using an antibody directed against HA. (+)-[3H]-Pentazocine binding to immunopurified HA-tagged receptor demonstrated conclusively that S2-1a.HA encodes a high-affinity (+)-[3H]pentazocine binding site with characteristics of a murine σ1 receptor. An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide designed from S2-1a potentiated opioid analgesia in vivo.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillian Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 429 (2004), S. 883-891 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The ageing of the human brain is a cause of cognitive decline in the elderly and the major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. The time in life when brain ageing begins is undefined. Here we show that transcriptional profiling of the human frontal cortex from individuals ranging from 26 ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 111 (1989), S. 1150-1151 
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 114 (1992), S. 2773-2780 
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 65 (1995), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Phosphodiester antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) directed against various domains of the cloned mouse δ receptor DOR-1 reduce δ-opioid receptor binding in vivo and in vitro. The present study examines the stability of an antisense ODN (275 nM) directed against the δ-opioid receptor and its effect on DOR-1 mRNA in cultured neuroblastoma cells and in vivo. When added to NG108-15 cells, much of the antisense ODN is degraded. However, 〉1% is intact, associated with cells, and stable for at least 72 h. Northern blot analysis demonstrates that treatment of NG108-15 cells with the antisense ODN reduces the levels of a species of DOR-1 mRNA by ∼25%. Similarly, intrathecal administration of the antisense ODN results in the accumulation of intact ODN within the spinal cord, which is stable for at least 72 h, although the levels of accumulation in vivo are lower than in vitro after either 4 or 72 h. Antisense ODN treatment lowers DOR-1 mRNA levels by ∼25%. The loss of mRNA both in vivo and in vitro corresponds quite well to the decreases in receptor binding previously observed by our laboratory and is consistent with reduction of δ-opioid receptor protein in vitro as determined by western blot with a monoclonal antibody selective for the δ-opioid receptor. In conclusion, these studies indicate that a small, but significant, proportion of ODN is taken up by cells and remains intact for up to 72 h. This appears to be sufficient to down-regulate mRNA levels of δ-opioid receptors and their expression.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 91 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Mu opioid receptors mediate the pharmacological actions of morphine and morphine-like drugs, such as heroin. The mouse and human Oprm genes undergo splicing. In these present studies, we have identified and characterized three new MOR-1 splice variants from the rat Oprm gene. Using an RT-PCR approach, we isolated the new exons 7, 8 and 9 downstream of exon 3. The rat exons 7 and 9 were homologous to the mouse exons 7 and 9 while the rat exon 8 was not. Northern blot analysis with the new exon probes showed distinctive and abundant transcripts of the variants in the rat brain. Full-length cDNA clones containing the new exons, rMOR-1C1, rMOR-1C2 and rMOR-1D were obtained using an RT-PCR approach. Each contained the same exons 1, 2 and 3 as the original rMOR-1, followed by different combinations of the new exons in place of exon 4. In addition, we also isolated another new variant, rMOR-1A, which contains only exons 1, 2 and 3, and is homologous to the human variant MOR-1A previously identified. All the variants were highly mu-selective in binding studies with little difference in affinities for the mu ligands among the variants. However, functional evaluation of assessments of the variants using agonist stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding assays revealed marked differences among the variants, both in terms of potency and efficacy of the drugs. The relative efficacy of a series of mu opioids to each other varied depending upon the variant studied. Efficacy in the [35S]GTPγS assay did not correlate with either receptor binding affinity or with potency. Thus, selectivity of opioid action might be achieved by designing compounds with varying efficacies at different MOR-1 variants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A Wiley-McLaren type time-of-flight mass spectrometer has been used for molecular weight measurements of several unprotected oligodeoxyribonucleotides using matrix-assisted UV laser desorption. Approximately 10 to 100 pmol of sample was required for recording their positive-ion mass spectra with a mass resolution in the range of 150 to 300 (Full width at half maximum) (FWHM). Little fragmentation was observed.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biological Mass Spectrometry 27 (1992), S. 3-8 
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The initial kinetic energy distribution of [Arg]-vasopressin molecular ions generated by matrix-assisted UV laser desorption/ionization was measured using a delayed ion extraction, linear time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Energy distributions of the nicotinic acid matrix ions, with or without the presence of peptide, were also measured. These were compared with the kinetic energy distribution of gramicidin-S ions using IR laser desorption. The measured molecular ion kinetic energy distribution from vasopressin is much broader than that from gramicidin-S, and is characterized by a high-energy tail that most likely results from entrainment of anlayte ions in the higher velocity matrix ions and fragments as they leave the surface.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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