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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    Munich : CES
    Pages: 27 S. , graph. Darst. , 21 cm
    Series Statement: CESifo working papers No. 219
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research
    Pages: 1 Online Ressource
    Series Statement: NBER working paper series no. w12956
    Description / Table of Contents: As of 2004 California employed almost 30% of all foreign born workers in the U.S. and was the state with the largest percentage of immigrants in the labor force. It received a very large number of uneducated immigrants so that two thirds of workers with no schooling degree in California were foreign-born in 2004. If immigration harms the labor opportunities of natives, especially the least skilled ones, California was the place where these effects should have been particularly strong. But is it possible that immigrants raised the demand for California's native workers, rather than harming it? After all immigrants have different skills and tend to work in different occupations then natives and hence they may raise productivity and the demand for complementary production tasks and skills. We consider workers of different education and age as imperfectly substitutable in production and we exploit differences in immigration across these groups to infer their impact on US natives. In order to isolate the "supply-driven" variation of immigrants across skills and to identify the labor market responses of natives we use a novel instrumental variable strategy. Our estimates use migration by skill group to other U.S. states as instrument for migration to California. Migratory flows to other states, in fact, share the same "push" factors as those to California but clearly are not affected by the California-specific "pull" factors. We find that between 1960 and 2004 immigration did not produce a negative migratory response from natives. To the contrary, as immigrants were imperfect substitutes for natives with similar education and age we find that they stimulated, rather than harmed, the demand and wages of most U.S. native workers.
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Mannheim : Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim
    Pages: Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: ZEW Discussion Papers 03-40
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Peri, Giovanni, 1969- Knowledge flows, R&D spillovers and innovation
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Munich : CESifo
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Munich : CESifo
    Pages: 27 S. , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: CESifo working paper series 219
    Language: English
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research
    Pages: 43 S. , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: NBER working paper series 16217
    Language: English
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  • 7
    Book
    Book
    New Jersey ; London ; Singapore ; Beijing ; Shanghai ; Hong Kong ; Taipei ; Chennai ; Tokyo : World Scientific
    Pages: xiv, 423 Seiten , Porträt, Diagramme, Karten
    ISBN: 9789814719896
    Series Statement: World scientific studies in international economics 49
    Note: Includes bibliographical references
    Language: English
    Subjects: Economics
    RVK:
    Keywords: Migration ; Wirtschaft ; Aufsatzsammlung
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    Common title
    Pages: Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISSN: 1523-4282
    In: Milken Institute, The Milken Institute review, Santa Monica, Calif., 1999, 9(2007), 3, Seite 40-49, 1523-4282
    Language: English
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Davis, Calif. : Dep. of Economics, Univ. of California
    Pages: Online-Ressource (33 S.) , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Working papers / University of California, Department of Economics 09,13
    Description / Table of Contents: A series of recent influential papers has emphasized that in order to identify the wage effects of immigration one needs to consider national effects by skill level. The criticism to the so called ʺarea approachʺ is based on the fact that native workers are mobile and would eliminate, in the long-run, local wage effects in a national market. A second criticism is that the small sizes of many local labor markets induces large measurement errors in the share of immigrants and attenuation bias in the estimates of their effects. In this paper we show that a roduction-function-based approach with skill differentiation and integrated national markets has predictions on the employment effect of immigrants at the local (state) level. Hence if we look at the employment (rather than wage) response to immigration by state, we can still estimate the substitutability-complemetariety between natives and immigrants and infer whether, other things constant, immigrants stimulate or depress the demand for native labor. Moreover, to avoid measurement error issues, we only consider California, as it is the largest state and the largest recipient of immigrants. To address further endogeneity issues we use demographic characteristics of Mexican migrants to the US to predict immigration by skill level in California. Looking at immigraton between 1960 and 2005 we find that: i) the assumption of a national integrated labor market by skill holds and ii) immigration did not have any negative employment effect on natives in any education-experience group in California. The estimated effects support the hypothesis that natives and immigrants in the same education-experience group are not perfectly substitutable. Specializing in different tasks and stimulating efficiency are the other likely mechanisms through which immigrants stimulate (rather than hurt) employment of natives. -- Immigration ; native employment ; inter-state migration ; complementariety
    Note: Systemvoraussetzungen: Acrobat Reader.
    Language: English
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    München : CESifo
    Pages: Online-Ressource (27 S.)
    Series Statement: CESifo Working Paper 219
    Description / Table of Contents: In an interesting and influential paper Robert Lucas (1993) considering the experience of East Asian small economies, suggests that 'on the job' learning could be the principal engine of their miraculous growth in the last 20 years. In this paper I develop an overlapping generation model where on the job learning, via local spillovers and local interactions, is the main channel of human capital accumulation in small open economies (as cities). The model predicts that skills' accumulation, due to experience in the local environment, has an effect on the experience premia of the workers and on the dispersion of their wages. I find the balanced growth path of the model and I simulate the adj ustment path after a technological shock. The second part of the paper conveys some suggestive evidence on what local characteristics affect the accumulation of skills, using data from 236 U.S. cities. Local characteristics which seem to have a strong imp act on the accumulation of skills are the \rdblquote technological intensity\rdblquote of the local manufacturing sector, the average level of education and the density of teachers in the city. This seems to confirm that the 'quality' of local environments is very important for skills' accumulation.
    Note: Systemvoraussetzungen: Acrobat Reader.
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
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