Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Changes in cellular [K] and [Na] in the choroidal epithelium (as a reflection of Na-K pump activity) were analyzed in Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to acute systemic acidosis. In the lateral and 4th ventricle choroid plexus (CP) of adult rats in which metabolic acidosis was induced for 1 h, cell [K] and [Na] increased and decreased by 35 and 15 mm/kg water, respectively, indicating marked stimulation of the Na-K exchange pump in the CSF-facing membrane; in contrast, this striking response of the CP to acidosis could not be elicited in immature animals (1 week old). Since the effects of respiratory acidosis on CP cell [K] and [Na] were similar to those of metabolic acidosis, the reduction in plasma pH (rather than in [HCO3]) is likely the mechanism underlying the enhanced turnover of Na and K across the CP in adults. The concentration of Na and K in the cerebral cortex, medulla, and CSF was generally not altered during acute acid-base distortions in both mature and immature animals. The striking difference in the response of CNS tissue protected by the blood-CSF barrier (i.e., CP) and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to systemic acidosis emphasizes a unique role, presumably homeostatic, for the plexus. Since propranolol substantially attenuated the acidosis-induced changes in choroidal cell [K] and [Na], it is possible that there is β-receptor modulation of the Na,K-ATPase (Na-K pump) in the CP. We postulate that the generally observed enhanced electropositivity in the CSF in systemic acidosis is brought about, at least in part, by facilitation of Na-K pumping in the CP, although induced changes in membrane permeability may also be a factor.
Type of Medium: