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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Digestive diseases and sciences 43 (1998), S. 2309-2316 
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: GROWTH FACTORS ; WOUND REPAIR ; ESOPHAGUS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Factors and mechanisms involved in esophagealmucosal injury and repair are not well known. The aim ofthis study was to assess the effects of growth factorsand prostaglandins on esophageal mucosal cell repair activities. Rabbit esophageal cells wereisolated, cultured, and exposed to different growthfactors and prostaglandin E2. Subconfluentcell cultures were used to study proliferative responsesdetermined by [3H]thymidine incorporation intoDNA. Restitution was studied in confluent monolayerswounded by mechanical denudation. Restitution was themain mechanism involved in wound repair within the first24 hr. HGF, IGF-I, and EGF dose-dependentlystimulated cell proliferation but did not affectrestitution. TGF-β1 inhibited bothproliferation and restitution while PDGF-BB andprostaglandin E2 had no effect. Esophageal epithelial cell restitution andproliferation are affected by growth factors. HGF,IGF-I, EGF (stimulation), and TGF-β1(inhibition) are major growth factors affecting in vitroesophageal wound repair activities, which, unlike those ofother areas of the digestive tract, are not affected byprostaglandins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Inflammation 21 (1997), S. 419-429 
    ISSN: 1573-2576
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Unlike gastric mucosa, it has been considered that lipoxygenase metabolites protect the esophageal mucosa and that prostaglandins are only secreted in the presence of esophageal inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of arachidonic acid metabolites and their response to regulatory compounds in rabbit esophageal mucosal cells in culture. Eicosanoids secreted into the medium were extracted and identified by HPLC and RIA. Esophageal mucosal cells in culture metabolized arachidonic acid mainly through the cycloxygenase pathway and PGE2 was the major arachidonic acid metabolite secreted. The addition of IL-1β and A23187 (calcium ionophore) stimulated PGE2 synthesis. In basal conditions neither leukotrienes nor HETEs were detected. However, the addition of the NDGA induced the secretion of lipoxygenase metabolites identified as 12–15 HETEs. In conclusion, rabbit esophageal epithelial cells in culture metabolize arachidonic acid via both cycloxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. In our system, PGE2 was the main arachidonic acid metabolite.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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