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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
    Keywords: Arbeitsmarkt ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Deutschland ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Strukturwandel ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Beschäftigungspolitik ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Comparative economics ; Labor market ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Strukturwandel ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Beschäftigungspolitik ; Internationaler Vergleich
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 440 S. , graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 3540417583
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Language: German
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  • 2
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    Konstanz: Universität Konstanz, Forschungsschwerpunkt Internationale Arbeitsmarktforschung
    Publication Date: 2020-01-22
    Description: Dieser Beitrag diskutiert kritisch die beschäftigungspolitischen Strategien des im Dezember 1993 erschienen Weißbuchs, der Kommission der Europäischen Union. Die Autoren des Weißbuchs sehen die Hauptansätze zur Reduzierung der Erwerbslosigkeit in Europa in einer Umstrukturierung des Bildungswesens und in der Senkung der Abgabenbelastung der Arbeit. Auffallend ist, besonders im Hinblick auf die öffentliche Diskussion in Deutschland, die zurückhaltende Behandlung von Fragen der Deregulierung des Arbeitsmarktes. In diesem Rahmen werden empirische Fakten und Ergebnisse ökonometrischer Studien zur Flexibilität des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes auf dem Hintergrund bestehender institutioneller Gegebenheiten präsentiert, und erörtert, inwieweit der Zentralisierungsgrad von Lohnverhandlungen und die, herrschende Lohnstruktur beschäftigungshemmend wirken. Abschließend werden die im EU-Weißbuch postulierten Beschäftigungseffekte einer Senkung der Arbeitgeberbeiträge zur Sozialversicherung in Frage gestellt.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: The regional distribution of unemployment rates in the Czech Republic over the transition period is shown to be characterized by twin peaks, e.g. a high and a low unemployment equilibrium. The emer-gence of strong regional disparities at the beginning of the 1990s can, at least partially, be explained by regionally different degrees of competition between the emerging private sector and state-owned enterprises for skilled labor and the role of on-the-job transitions on the parameters of the matching function. This study presents a formalization of these effects and estimates empirical matching func-tions for a panel of labor market districts of the Czech Republic between January 1992 and July 1994. When time-series properties of unemployment to job exits are taken into account and dynamic panel estimators are applied, the Czech matching function is shown to exhibit increasing returns to scale, being consistent with multiple unemployment equilibria. Considering variables, which approximate the degree of job competition of employed workers in the search process, reveals strong heterogeneity of matching parameters with respect to the relative position of districts in the regional distribution of unemployment and vacancy rates, and the share of district employment in the private sector.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes
    Publication Date: 2018-11-06
    Description: We consider problems in modelling job-matching in the Czech Republic during the transition to a market economy. Special interest is devoted to functional form considerations and the analysis of returns to scale of the matching function. This explorative study aims to shed some light into the black-box of the matching technology by applying nonparametric estimation techniques which relax distributional assumptions. Nonparametric additive modelling enables us to evaluate the matching process locally for each combination of the underlying matching factors, rather than being restricted to global parameters. We apply these techniques to a rich panel of monthly observations of unemployment vacancies and unemployment-to-job exits in all 76 labor market districts in the Czech Republic between January 1992 and September 1996, and find non-linearities in the partial adjustment process as well as a partially negative coefficient of unemployment outows with respect to vacancies in some years. Moreover, we find locally increasing returns to scale in job-matching, which may be responsible for multiple equilibrium unemployment rates in the Czech Republic during the transformation process.
    Keywords: C14 ; C52 ; J64 ; ddc:330 ; marginal integration ; Job-matching ; returns to scale ; nonparametric analysis ; testing additivity ; Czech Republic
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes
    Publication Date: 2018-11-06
    Description: In this study we collect information on what economists would suggest for reducing German unemployment. This was done by conducting a detailed survey containing 35 measures at two conferences of different kind. One conference was a small conference at the Humboldt-University in Berlin attended by leading researchers on the German labor market, the other the 1998 Meeting of the European Economic Association. We statistically identify a set of measures that is viewed superior to the remaining ones independently of the survey chosen. In a similar way, the responses allow to identify a set of measures that should be avoided. These lists were obtained by recursively applying the Friedman test which is based on individual rankings of survey participants. While the former set of measures contains a selective group of institutional reforms and supply-side policies, the latter is dominated by demand-management policies.
    Keywords: C42 ; E61 ; J21 ; ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes
    Publication Date: 2018-11-06
    Description: We provide empirical evidence on the nature of spatial externalities in a matching model for the UK. We use a monthly panel of outflows, unemployment and vacancy stocks data from the registers at Jobcentres in the UK; these are mapped on to travel-to-work areas. We find evidence of significant spill-over effects that are generally in line with the predictions of theory. For example, we find that conditional on local labour market conditions, high unemployment levels in neighbouring areas raise the number of local filled vacancies but lower the local outflow from unemployment.
    Keywords: E24 ; J64 ; ddc:330 ; matching model ; externalities ; spatial dependence ; unemployment outflows
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes
    Publication Date: 2018-11-06
    Description: The regional distribution of unemployment rates in the Czech Republic over the transition period is shown to be characterized by twin peaks, e.g. a high and a low unemployment equilibrium. The emergence of strong regional disparities at the beginning of the 1990s can, at least partially, be explained by regionally different degrees of competition between the emerging private sector and state-owned enterprises for skilled labor and the role of on-the-job transitions on the parameters of the matching function. This study presents a formalization of these effects and estimates empirical matching functions for a panel of labor market districts of the Czech Republic between January 1992 and July 1994. When time-series properties of unemployment to job exits are taken into account and dynamic panel estimators are applied, the Czech matching function is shown to exhibit increasing returns to scale, being consistent with multiple unemployment equilibria. Considering variables, which approximate the degree of job competition of employed workers in the search process, reveals strong heterogeneity of matching parameters with respect to the relative position of districts in the regional distribution of unemployment and vacancy rates, and the share of district employment in the private sector.
    Keywords: E24 ; J64 ; ddc:330 ; returns to scale ; Czech Republic ; regional labor markets ; matching functions ; multiple unemployment equilibria ; on-the-job search ; job-competition
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Beschäftigungspolitik ; Lohndifferenzierung ; Arbeitsmarktflexibilität ; Allokation ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Deutschland
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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