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  • 1
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Based on a state policy perspective, this paper presents the path of Brazil's participation in U.N. peace operations, from its genesis in 1947 to the present day, with the intent to comprehend if there is in fact a progressive and evolutionary pattern in the participation of Brazil in peacekeeping, and which would be the challenges, contributions and future orientations to the country in this matter. For that, in a first moment, the text will bring a conceptual discussion regarding the different definitions and understandings on peacekeeping operations. Subsequently, we will analyze the evolution of UN peacekeeping operations throughout its 70 years and the Brazilian positions during this period. In a third moment, we will present the final considerations identifying the upcoming challenges and the main possible perspectives for Brazil to engage in future peacekeeping operations. The intention, therefore, is to ascertain whether peacekeeping operations, as an instrument of international policy aligned to the guidelines of Brazilian defense policy and foreign policy, should continue to be supported by Brazil or if new reorientations are necessary as a national strategy.
    Keywords: F02 ; F51 ; F52 ; ddc:330 ; peace operations ; Brazil ; United Nations ; MINUSTAH ; UNIFIL ; peacekeeping
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Space activities have been fundamental for defense, communications and meteorology sectors - as well as for observation and positioning operations and for daily life activities. The initial purpose of this paper is to detail the main characteristics of the Brazilian Space Program (PEB, in Portuguese), presenting Brazilian previous experience in space activities and relevant government bodies in the space sector. This text also means to present Alcântara Launching Center (CLA, in Portuguese) marketing points of view and the possible business models for its commercial exploration, considering the opportunities for Brazil to take part in the satellite and microsatellite launching market. After a further investigation about the main challenges for PEB, it concludes that CLA commercialization, as well as the ongoing space governance redesign and the consolidation of Alcântara Space Center (CEA, in Portuguese), represents an important milestone in the strengthening of the space sector in Brazil.
    Keywords: F52 ; F53 ; H56 ; O3 ; ddc:330 ; Brazilian Space Program ; Alcântara Launching Center ; space industry ; space activities ; satellites ; aerospace
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: With one of the largest territories in the world and a very extensive land border, surveillance and monitoring of this region are especially challenging for the Brazilian state. To overcome this challenge, the Integrated Border Monitoring System (SISFRON), the world's largest system of the kind, has been conceived and is in the process of implementation (although still in pilot project). Thus, the objective of this study is to analyze SISFRON in terms of its viability, effectiveness and conjunctural importance, considering the benefits it proposes to generate, mainly in the areas of politics, economics, technology, environment, civil society, National Defense and public security.
    Keywords: F52 ; J18 ; H50 ; ddc:330 ; Brazilian Army ; SISFRON ; borders ; National Defense ; public policy
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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