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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillian Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 418 (2002), S. 438-442 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] N-glycosylation of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has a central role in protein quality control. Here we report that N-glycan serves as a signal for degradation by the Skp1–Cullin1–Fbx2–Roc1 (SCFFbx2) ubiquitin ligase complex. The F-box protein Fbx2 ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 71 (1998), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: A rat brain cDNA clone has been isolated, using a eukaryotic cell transient expression system in conjunction with an anti-galactosylceramide (anti-GalCer) monoclonal antibody that induces GalCer expression in COS-7 cells. The protein was designated as GalCer expression factor-1 (GEF-1). A good correlation between GalCer expression and the level of the enzyme activity of UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase (CGT) was demonstrated. The cDNA insert encoded a polypeptide of 771 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 85,787 Da. The cDNA hybridized to a single mRNA of 3.1 kb in all rat organs examined, including brain, testis, and skeletal muscle. The cDNA product was determined to be a tyrosine-phosphorylated protein with a molecular mass of 110 kDa in transfected COS-7 cells and adult rat brain. COS-7 cells transfected with the cDNA clone showed dramatic morphological changes: The transfected cells appeared to be fibroblast-like cells, whereas the parent COS-7 cells were typical epithelial-like cells. The deduced amino acid sequences revealed a strikingly high homology to a mouse hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate but no homology to CGT. Taking these results together, it is suggested that GEF-1 may play an important role in regulating GalCer expression in the brain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Glycoconjugate journal 13 (1996), S. 135-145 
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Keywords: human glioma cells ; N-370 FG cells ; gangliosides ; neutral glycolipids ; and Lewisx glycolipids
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract We analysed the glycolipid composition of glioma cells (N-370 FG cells), which are derived from a culture of transformed human fetal glial cells. The neutral and acidic glycolipid fractions were isolated by column chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex and analysed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). The neutral glycolipid fraction contained 1.6 µg of lipid-bound glucose/galactose per mg protein and consisted of GlcCer (11.4% of total neutral glycolipids), GalCer (21.5%), LacCer (21.4%), Gb4 (21.1%), and three unknown neutral glycolipids (23%). These unknown glycolipids were characterized as Lewisx (fucosylneolactonorpentaosyl ceramide; Lex), difucosylneolactonorhexaosyl ceramide (dimeric Lex), and neolactonorhexaosyl ceramide (nLc6) by an HPTLC-overlay method for glycolipids using specific mouse anti-glycolipid antibodies against glycolipid and/or liquid-secondary ion (LSI) mass spectrometry. The ganglioside fraction contained 0.6 µg of lipid-bound sialic acid per mg protein with GD1a as the predominant ganglioside species (83% of the total gangliosides) and GM3, GM2, and GM1 as minor components. Trace amounts of sialyl-Lex and the complex type of sialyl-Lex derivatives were also present. Immunocytochemical studies revealed that GD1a and GalCer were primarily localized on the surface of cell bodies. Interestingly, Lex glycolipids and sialyl-Lex were localized not only on the cell bodies but also on short cell processes. Especially, sialyl-Lex glycolipid was located on the tip of fine cellular processes. The unique localization of the Lex glycolipids suggests that they may be involved in cellular differentiation and initiation of cellular growth in this cell line.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Glycoconjugate journal 13 (1996), S. 415-421 
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Keywords: ganglioside ; glycosphingolipid ; rat choriocarcinoma cell line
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The Rcho-1 cell line, originally established from a rat choriocarcinoma, shows differentiation into placental trophoblastic giant cell-like cells and has been used to study the mechanism of placental function control. In the present study, we analysed the ganglioside composition of Rcho-1 cells by HPTLC orcinol/H2SO4, TLC/immunostaining and immunohistochemistry. Rcho-1 cells expressed GM3 and GD3 as the major gangliosides and CTH as major neutral glycolipid when they were cultured in growth medium (20% FCS) or transplanted beneath the kidney capsule. The expression of these gangliosides was strong in the undifferentiated small cells, whereas the completely differentiated giant cells showed poor staining with antibodies against the gangliosides. Under culture conditions to induce cell differentiation using horse serum (1–20% HS), the expression of GD3 was suppressed and re-expressed when the medium was changed to growth medium, suggesting that a change of ganglioside components may trigger and define the direction of terminal differentiation. Thus the composition of glycolipids is conserved in Rcho-1 cells and is similar to that of the rat placenta, where GM3 is dominant in mid-pregnancy and decreased in late pregnancy, whereas GD3 is low in mid-pregnancy and increased in late pregnancy.
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