Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The beta subunit of the human fibronectin receptor (FNRB) is a transmembrane protein belonging to the VLA (very late antigens of activation) family. Using pGEM-32, a 2.5-kb partial cDNA clone corresponding to the 3′ portion of the human FNRB locus, multiple restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were revealed on DNAs from unrelated Caucasians. RFLPs detected by five enzymes, BanII, HinfI, KpnI, BglII, and SacI, are of the simple two-allele form, and pairwise linkage analyses of these RFLPs with numerous known DNA markers from the chromosome-10 pericentromeric region not only confirmed the chromosome-10 assignment of the functional FNRB gene but also supported its localization at p11.2 suggested by in situ hybridization. An infrequent MspI RFLP was detected by pB/R2, a 4.6-kb genomic clone from the FNRB locus. Another type of DNA polymorphism was also revealed by the cDNA clone and it was visualized on the Southern blot analyses as the presence or absence of an extra band (or a set of extra bands). It seems to stem from a stretch of DNA sequence present in some individuals at one single locus but absent in others, and is of non-chromosome-10 origin based on linkage analyses with known chromosome 10 markers. This “presence/absence” type of polymorphism could be revealed by all of the 25 restriction enzymes tested and is similar in nature to that previously reported with one of the human dihydrofolate reductase pseudogenes, DHFRP1. Dissection of the pGEM-32 clone demonstrated that the region revealing the non-chromosome-10 sequences is within a fragment about 1.7 kb in length extending from about 600 nucleotides preceding the stop codon down to the end of the cloned FNRB 3′ untranslated region. Due to its high polymorphism information content (PIC) value (0.71 for haplotypes of BanII, HinfI, and KpnI RFLPs) and proximity to the centromere, FNRB will prove to be a highly useful marker for genetic linkage studies of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) as well as for chromosome-10 linkage studies in general.
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