Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract We report the characterization of solution-synthesized CdTe and HgTe nanocrystals by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and photoluminescence. Methanol solutions of sodium telluride and cadmium iodide or mercury iodide, respectively, are reacted to precipitate the nanocrystalline metal tellurides, while the sodium iodide byproduct remains in solution. The existence of crystalline CdTe, HgTe, and ternary HgCdTe compounds has been demonstrated by powder X-ray diffraction after a post-synthesis sintering process. Precipitated crystallites from this synthesis were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy, which revealed that crystal diameters can vary from approximately 1 nm to 100 nm and that crystals are stoichiometric within the detection limit of the electron microprobe technique. Narrow size ranges can be selected and investigated due to an in-situ separation process in the electron microscope. Photoluminescence is found at energies above the bulk exciton energy for CdTe and is attributed to near-band-gap recombination which is blue-shifted due to quantum confinement. Both low defect luminescence and dark field imaging suggest a high crystalline quality. A comparative characterization by photoluminescence, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction evaluates the effects of heat treatments during and after synthesis.
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