The economic transformations occurred in the new frontier of Brazilian agribusiness, Matopiba, especially with relation to employment opportunities in the agribusiness, have motivated migratory flow to this region. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the income differentials between the migrant and the non-migrant in the region. Microdata extracted from the 2010 Demographic Census, made available by IBGE, were used. Equations of income differentials were estimated, separating individuals by domicile, labor market (formal and informal) and sectors of activity. The results showed that non-migrants obtained lower incomes than migrants in all working groups. The largest income differentials occurred among rural individuals, the workers of the informal market, specifically among autonomous workers, and those employed in agricultural activity. It is believed, therefore, that the insertion of the migrant into the local economy contributes to the expansion of agriculture in this region.