The mouse Ptprr gene encodes two protein tyrosine phosphatases, PTP-SL and PTPBR7, that display distinct patterns of expression during neural development
Blackwell Science Ltd
Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The protein tyrosine phosphatases PTP-SL and PTPBR7 differ only in the length of their N-terminal domain. We show here that PTP-SL and PTPBR7 are isoforms derived from a single gene (Ptprr) through developmentally regulated use of alternative promoters. Isoform-specific reverse transcriptase-polymer chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RNA in situ hybridization experiments reveal that PTPBR7 is expressed during early embryogenesis in spinal ganglia cells as well as in developing Purkinje cells. Post-natally, PTPBR7 is expressed in various regions of the adult mouse brain, but expression in Purkinje cells has ceased and is replaced by the PTP-SL-specific transcript. In transient transfection experiments it is confirmed that PTPBR7 is a type I transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase). PTP-SL, however, appears to be a cytosolic membrane-associated PTPase that is located at perinuclear vesicular structures that partly belong to the endosomal compartment. Thus, during maturation of Purkinje cells, a gene-promoter switch results in the replacement of a receptor-type PTPase by a cytosolic vesicle-associated isoform.
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