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  • ddc:330  (317)
  • 2005-2009  (317)
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  • 1
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    Durham, NC: Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy (CHOPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-26
    Description: Four talks on Keynes in relation to the Bloomsbury Group: I. Maynard Keynes of Bloomsbury (Craufurd Goodwin); II. Keynes as Policy Advisor (E. Roy Weintraub); III. Keynes and Economics (Kevin D. Hoover); IV. Keynes and Hayek (Bruce Caldwell). The talks were delivered as part of roundtable discussion on John Maynard Keynes of Bloomsbury, the inaugural event of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University, and were held in conjunction with Vision and Design: A Year of Bloomsbury, a campus-wide interdisciplinary program surrounding an exhibition of Bloomsbury art at Duke University's Nasher Museum of Art.
    Keywords: B20 ; B22 ; B31 ; B25 ; ddc:330 ; John Maynard Keynes ; Bloomsbury Group ; economic policy ; Great Depression ; macro economics ; Friedrich A. von Hayek ; Keynesian economics ; Austrian economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: Natural and agricultural resources for which there is a substantial black market, such as coca, opium, and diamonds, appear especially likely to be exploited by the parties to a civil conflict. Even legally traded commodities such as oil and timber have been linked to civil war. On the other hand, these resources may also provide one of the few reliable sources of income in the countryside. In this paper, we study the economic and social consequences of a major exogenous shift in the production of one such resource coca paste into Colombia, where most coca leaf is now harvested. Our analysis shows that this shift generated only modest economic gains in rural areas, primarily in the form of increased self-employment earnings and increased labor supply by teenage boys. The results also suggest that the rural areas which saw accelerated coca production subsequently became more violent, while urban areas were affected little. The acceleration in violence is greater in departments (provinces) where there was a pre-coca guerilla presence. Taken together, these findings are consistent with the view that the Colombian civil conflict is fueled by the financial opportunities that coca provides, and that the consequent rent-seeking activity by combatants limits the economic gains from coca cultivation.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Koka ; Ländliches Einkommen ; Ländliche Entwicklung ; Bürgerkrieg ; Kolumbien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Atlanta, GA: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
    Publication Date: 2018-11-07
    Description: This paper provides a theory of debt and hedging based on human capital. We distinguish human capital from physical capital in two ways: (1) human capital is inalienable and can exercise a one-sided option to leave the firm, and (2) human capital is not perfectly replaceable. We show that a firm may reach the first best solution while issuing debt or equity to outsiders provided that either the insiders receive a senior claim or that the firm hedges. We then show that, given asymmetric information concerning costs, the only viable solution has the firm issuing debt to outsiders and hedging.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Humankapital ; Hedging ; Kapitalstruktur ; Börsengang ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Atlanta, GA: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
    Publication Date: 2018-11-07
    Description: The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the interaction between hedging, financing, and investment decisions. This work is relevant in that theoretical predictions are not necessarily identical to those in the case where only two decisions are being made. We argue that the way in which hedging affects the firms’ financing and investing decisions differs for firms with different growth opportunities. We empirically find that high-growth firms increase their investment, but not their leverage, by hedging. However, we also find that firms with few investment opportunities use derivatives to increase their leverage.
    Keywords: G31 ; G32 ; ddc:330 ; investment ; financing ; hedging ; Investitionsentscheidung ; Unternehmensfinanzierung ; Hedging ; Simultanes Gleichungssystem
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Brussels: Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI)
    Publication Date: 2018-01-19
    Description: The present paper examines a long-run relationship between the energy, bioenergy and food prices. In the recent years the bioenergy production has increased significantly around the world. The increase has been driven by rising energy prices as well as by environmental policies aiming at reducing the harmful effects of conventional sources of energy, such as climate change. Bioenergy, in turn, affects agricultural markets, because it uses agricultural commodities as inputs. The theoretical model we develop predicts that, because of price inelastic food demand, the agricultural price increase may be substantial. The empirical findings confirm the theoretical hypothesis that energy prices do affect prices of agricultural commodities. However, the co-integration is weaker than theoretically predicted. The price effect of bioenergy might be mitigated by new technological development, which improve yields and lead to an offsetting effect in the supply of agricultural commodities, and by fallow land brought into cultivation, when agricultural profitability is rising.
    Keywords: Q11 ; Q13 ; Q42 ; ddc:330 ; Energy ; bioenergy ; crude oil ; prices ; cointegration
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2018-01-31
    Description: This paper explores the determinants of individual well-being as measured by self-reported levels of satisfaction with income. Making full use of the panel data nature of the German Socio-Economic Panel, we provide empirical evidence for well-being depending on absolute and on relative levels of income in a dynamic framework. This finding holds after controlling for other influential factors in a multivariate setting. The main novelty of the paper is the consideration of dynamic aspects: individual's own history as well as the relative income performance with respect to the others living in the society under analysis do play a major role in the assessment of well-being.
    Keywords: D63 ; I31 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; Interdependent Preferences ; Inequality Aversion ; Status ; Subjective Well-Being ; SOEP
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
    Publication Date: 2013-08-16
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 8
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    München: Sonderforschungsbereich/Transregio 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems
    Publication Date: 2014-03-22
    Description: In a recurring auction early bids may reveal bidders' types, which in turn affects bidding in later auctions. Bidders take this into account and may bid in a way that conceals their private information until the last auction is played. The present paper analyzes the equilibrium of a sequence of ?rst-price auctions assuming bidders have stable private values. We show that signal-jamming occurs and explore the dynamics of equilibrium prices.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Auctions ; Signaling ; Price Competition ; Auktionstheorie ; Extensives Spiel ; Preiswettbewerb ; Signalling ; Dynamisches Gleichgewicht ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2018-01-31
    Description: Das vorliegende Discussion Paper untersucht die Struktur und das Ausmaß der intergenerationalen Einkommensmobilität in Deutschland. Anhand der Daten des deutschen sozioökonomischen Panels ist es möglich, sowohl Vater-Sohn als auch Vater-Tochter Paare zu untersuchen. In einem ersten Schritt geschieht dies anhand einer Einkommensgleichung, die mittels OLS geschätzt wird. Für die Vater-Sohn Paare ergibt sich dabei eine Elastizität des väterlichen Einkommens von 0,17 und für Vater-Tochter Paare von 0,2. Das bedeutet, in Deutschland werden im Durchschnitt 17 % bzw. 20 % des elterlichen Einkommensvorteils bzw. -nachteils vererbt. Im nächsten Schritt erfolgt eine detailliertere Analyse der intergenerationalen Einkommensmobilität anhand einer Quantilsregression und anhand einer geschätzten Übergangsmatrix sowohl für Söhne als auch für Töchter. Die Ergebnisse belegen für Deutschland ein hohes Maß an intergenerationaler Mobilität.
    Keywords: D31 ; J24 ; J62 ; ddc:330 ; Intergenerational Mobility ; Germany
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Zurich: ETH Zurich, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research
    Publication Date: 2017-11-29
    Description: This work introduces a new model to investigate the efficiency and evolution of networks of firms exchanging knowledge in R&D partnerships. We first examine the efficiency of a given network structure in terms of the maximization of total profits in the industry. We show that the efficient network structure depends on the marginal cost of collaboration. When the marginal cost is low, the complete graph is efficient. However, a high marginal cost implies that the efficient network is sparser and has a core-periphery structure. Next, we examine the evolution of the network struc- ture when the decision on collaborating partners is decentralized. We show the existence of mul- tiple equilibrium structures which are in general inefficient. This is due to (i) the path dependent character of the partner selection process, (ii) the presence of knowledge externalities and (iii) the presence of severance costs involved in link deletion. Finally, we study the properties of the emerg- ing equilibrium networks and we show that they are coherent with the stylized facts of R&D net- works.
    Keywords: D85 ; L24 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; R&D networks ; technology spillovers ; network efficiency ; network formation ; Industrieforschung ; Unternehmensnetzwerk ; Organisationsstruktur ; Spillover-Effekt ; Graphentheorie ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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