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  • General Chemistry  (12)
  • 2000-2004  (4)
  • 1940-1944  (8)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Liebigs Annalen 2000 (2000), S. 1121-1130 
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Catenanes ; Cyclophanes ; Electrochemistry ; Electronic spectroscopy ; Template-directed synthesis ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: -Catenanes composed of two, three, five, or seven interlocked macrocycles have been synthesized in yields ranging from 1 to 30%. Their template-directed syntheses rely on a series of cooperative noncovalent bonding interactions between π-electron rich 1,5-dioxynaphthalene ring systems and π-electron deficient bipyridinium units which are incorporated within the macrocyclic components. The interlocked structure associated with one of the [3]catenanes was demonstrated unequivocally by single crystal X-ray analysis which also revealed the formation of polar stacks stabilized by intermolecular [π···π] interactions. The number of interlocked components of each catenane was determined by liquid secondary ion, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time-of-flight, and/or electrospray mass spectrometries. The absorption spectra, emission spectra, and electrochemical properties of the macrocyclic components and of the catenanes have been investigated. Two kinds of charge-transfer absorption bands (intramolecular in the cyclophanes containing electron-donor and electron-acceptor units, intercomponent in the catenanes) have been found. Such charge-transfer excited states are responsible for the quenching of the potentially fluorescence units of the cyclophanes, and of the crown ethers in the catenanes. Charge-transfer electronic interactions are also evidenced by the electrochemical behavior. Correlations among the redox potentials of the various compounds are reported and discussed.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Linkage isomerization ; NMR spectroscopy ; Nucleobases ; Platinum ; Structure elucidation ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Bis(9-methyladenine) complexes of cis-PtII(NH3)2 undergo slow linkage isomerization from the N7 to the N1 site in aqueous solution at elevated temperatures. The ratio of the isomeric complexes during the isomerization process indicates that whilst PtII prefers the N(7) site in the adenine moiety kinetically, it is the N(1) coordination mode which is thermodynamically more stable. The crystal structures of the isomers do not reveal any unusual features; the few apparently structurally significant differences in the bond angles in the N(1)-bound bis(complex) merely reflect the poor quality of the crystal and/or crystal packing effects rather than a direct result emanating from the coordination mode of the ligand.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Zinc ; Metalloporphyrins ; Porphyrins ; Cations ; Radicals ; ESR ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Zinc(II) complexes of substituted tetraphenylporphyrins, Zn[T(X-P)P], where X = H, p-F, p-Cl, m-Cl, p-CH3O, and m-CH3O, have been synthesized and characterized. Peripheral substitution shows marked changes in the chemical shifts of the phenyl proton resonances and E1/2 values of the redox couples in the anodic region while the UV/Vis spectra are unaffected. The monocation radicals of these complexes are generated by chemical oxidation with bromine. The ESR spectra reveal the formation of two types of radical species, Zn[T(X-P)P]+·Br- (species I) and Zn[T(X-P)(Brn-P)]+·Br- (species II): Species I at 298 K shows a spectrum, with well-resolved bromine hyperfine features, characteristic of a 2A2u electronic ground state while species II, except for the complex with X = m-CH3O, shows a featureless, isotropic resonance attributable to a 2A1u state. Zn[T(m-CH3O-P)(Brn-P)]+·Br-, on the other hand, exhibits nine resolved nitrogen hyperfine features corresponding to a 2A2u state. Variable temperature ESR spectra (77-298 K) indicate reduction in the bromine and nitrogen hyperfine coupling constants and an increase in the g value of species I from 2.0049 to 2.0060 with lowering temperature and suggest a labile electronic ground state for species I. The p-CH3O substituted complex exhibits an electronic transformation from 2A2u to 2A1u while the remaining complexes, including m-CH3O, show a transformation from 2A2u to an admixed 2A1u/2A2u state. The effect of substitution on the variable temperature ESR spectra are discussed.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Macrocycles ; Nickel ; Redox chemistry ; Schiff bases ; S ligands ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A single crystal X-ray analysis of [Ni2L1](ClO4)2· MeCN · 1/4 H2O, 1a [formed directly from a mixture of nickel(II) template ions, 2,6-diformyl-4-methyl-thiophenolate, and 1,4-diaminobutane] reveals that the nickel(II) ions are in square-planar N2S2 environments and that the four “bowed” dinickel macrocycles in the asymmetric unit pack around a single central perchlorate template ion encapsulating it to form “star” clusters of stoichiometry {[Ni2L1]4(ClO4)}7+. These “stars” stack together, via π-π-stacking interactions, to form two-dimensional sheets, which are separated from one another by layers of the remaining perchlorate anions and solvent molecules. Reduction, by NaBH4, of the four imine bonds in [Ni2L2](ClO4)22a (analogous to 1a but formed from 1,3-diaminopropane not 1,4-diaminobutane) or [Ni2L2](CF3SO3)22b to amine bonds produces the corresponding tetra-amine complex, [Ni2L3](ClO4)23. These complexes are shown to contain diamagnetic nickel(II) ions by a combination of magnetic, NMR and UV/Vis spectroscopic results. The 1H NMR spectra of 1-3 run in [D3]MeNO2 and in [D3]MeCN are consistent with increasing axial binding ability in the order: 3 〈 2 〈 1. Thiocyanate ion binding studies reveal that 1 and 2 are able to coordinate two thiocyanate ions, forming [Ni2L1(NCS)2] 4 and [Ni2L2(NCS)2] 5 respectively, whereas 3 does not. Single crystal X-ray analyses of complexes 4· 2 MeCN and 5· MeCN show that adjacent square-planar and octahedral nickel(II) ions result. Two one-electron oxidations and two one-electron reductions are a feature of the electrochemistry of 1-3 in MeCN: curiously, the potentials for the oxidation processes are almost invariant whereas those for the reduction processes vary as anticipated. EPR spectroscopy shows that the first one-electron reduction process and the first one-electron oxidation process are metal centred. Spectroelectrochemical studies and redox titrations indicate that a purplish-coloured complex is produced by one-electron oxidation of 2 (λ = 870 nm, ε = 1320 L mol cm-1). The synthesis of a phenolate analogue, [Ni2L′(MeCN)4](ClO4)2 (6), of the thiophenolate complex 2a is also detailed. Complex 6 undergoes two one-electron oxidations in MeCN, but, in contrast to the thiophenolate complexes 1-3, these occur at much higher potentials. Only a single one-electron reduction process is observed and this occurs at a more negative potential than for any of 1-3.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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