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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 41 (1993), S. 1287-1291 
    ISSN: 1520-5118
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 57 (1991), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The relationship between oxidative polymorphisms and the cause of Parkinson's disease is controversial. The drug l-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), which induces parkinsonism in humans and in some animal models, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 db1 isozyme (the same enzymatic system implicated in 4-hydroxylation of debrisoquine). In this study, we treated females of three rat species, which differ in their ability to hydroxylate debrisoquine, with MPTP (three doses of 30 mg/kg s.c. at 12-h intervals), and we measured their motor activity and brain monoamine levels. Female dark-adapted rats (poor metabolizers of debrisoquine) showed a more pronounced and more maintained reduction of their motor activity after treatment with MPTP. MPTP-treated, dark-adapted rats also had a depletion of noradrenaline in the diencephalon and a depletion of dopamine and serotonine and their respective metabolites in the limbic system when compared with the other two species. These results suggest that oxidative polymorphism of debrisoquine plays a role in the acute effects of MPTP.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Terra nova 6 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-3121
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Principal component analysis (PCA) and correspondence analysis (CA) have been used to identify several critical mineral crystallization factors during metamorphism of Mn-rich lithologies from the Iberian Massif, Spain. Three types of variables have been considered in the system: mineralogical variables, bulk composition variables and one physical variable (oxygen fugacity). PCA was applied to the compositional variables to obtain four components, which were used as new compositional variables. These, together with the mineralogical and physical variables, were treated in the CA. The plot of the variables on the factor 1-factor 2 plane reveals that tephroite crystallization is controlled by a compositional variable representing low values of ratio Si/(Mn+Fe) in the rocks. Moreover, it is possible to deduce from this plot the importance of high oxygen fugacity conditions for the crystallization of piemontite. The third factor shows that the crystallization of spessartine does not require very restrictive physical-chemical conditions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pediatric cardiology 12 (1991), S. 206-213 
    ISSN: 1432-1971
    Keywords: Atrioventricular septal defect ; Quantitative anatomy ; Right ventricle
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In 19 human fetal and newborn hearts with atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), not associated with other anomalies, the two ventricles were studied morphometrically. A total of 17 different parameters were studied: nine in the right ventricle and eight in the left. In the right ventricle we analyzed ventricular wall thickness, length of right ventricular inflow and outflow tracts, and volume of right ventricular inflow and outflow tracts. The data for these parameters were compared with the patterns of normality published previously, and the volumetric data were compared with patterns of normality published previously by us. The ventricular inflow tract was shorter than the outflow tract, the difference being especially significant in the left ventricle. The length of the diaphragmatic wall of the heart in both the right and left ventricle was equal to the sum of the length of the inflow tract and the thickness of the ventricular wall at the apex.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Biotechnology letters 16 (1994), S. 853-858 
    ISSN: 1573-6776
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract In this work we studied the production of betalains by suspension culture of Beta vulgaris. The B. vulgaris grew at a doubling time of 4.8 days. The betalains production was found to be not-growth related. The culture's response to different carbon sources was investigated. Best growth and pigment production was obtained with sucrose.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Lung 172 (1994), S. 47-55 
    ISSN: 1432-1750
    Keywords: Parkinson's disease ; Airflow dysfunction ; Flow/volume loop
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To investigate pulmonary function abnormalities in Parkinson's disease (PD), we obtained maximal inspiratory and expiratory flow-volume curves in 63 patients (59 under treatment) with different stages of the disease, not filtered for respiratory symptoms. PD severity was evaluated by the Unified PD Rating Scale, the Webster's scale, and Hoehn and Yahr staging. Patients with more severe PD had lower percentage forced vital capacity (FVC%), and peak inspiratory and expiratory flows. Those with fluctuations and/or dyskinesias had lower FVC% and percentage forced expiratory flow volume in 1 sec (FEV1%). There were a number of weak but significant correlations between PD scales and spirographic parameters. Thirty one patients (49.2%) had pathological flow-volume curves. The clinical profile and the duration of the disease did not influence the pattern of the curve. Physiologic evidence of upper airway obstruction was observed in 3 cases. A spirometric restrictive ventilatory defect (FEV1/FVC higher than or equal to 80%) was observed in 54 patients (85%), while generalized airway obstruction was present only in one nonsmoker. We conclude that abnormal flow-volume loop contour is a frequent finding in PD. This probably reflects involvement of the upper airway musculature, that in some patients can produce upper airway obstruction. Generalized airflow limitation is not an important characteristic of PD. By contrast, a restrictive spirometric defect, probably due to incoordinated expiratory effort or abnormally low chest wall compliance, is the main spirometric finding in these patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    ISSN: 1435-4373
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) anti-mycobacterial antigen 60 (A60) IgM, IgG and IgA in patients affected by meningitis of different etiologies were assayed as a rapid diagnostic test in cases of tuberculous meningitis. A commercial EIA was used to test 127 CSF samples classified as follows: tuberculous meningitis (n=27 CSF samples from 16 patients, 6 of them with AIDS), pyogenic meningitis (n=13), non-tuberculous aseptic meningitis (n=43) and 44 normal CSF samples (16 of them from HIV-positive patients, 8 of whom had extraneurological tuberculosis). Anti-A60 IgM was positive only in two cases (1 tuberculous meningitis and 1 self-resolving aseptic meningitis). Positive CSF anti-A60 IgG and IgA were observed in eight and nine out of 16 patients with tuberculous meningitis, but only in four and five out of 13 samples studied prior to or in the first ten days of treatment, respectively. Most of the patients with false-positive IgG and IgA (16 %) had pyogenic meningitis, but without intrathecal synthesis of antibodies. In patients with aseptic meningitis, the finding of CSF anti-A60 IgG plus IgA, initially or during follow-up, can be used as a diagnostic criterion for tuberculous meningitis, with a specificity of 100 %, a positive predictive value of 1, and a negative predictive value of 0.81. However, its sensitivity is only 50 % in immunocompetent patients and 16 % in patients with AIDS.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 19 (1991), S. 353-358 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Cycloheximide resistance ; Plasmids ; Yeast Cloning
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary In CYH2/cyh2 heterozygous diploids of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae resistance is dominant over sensitivity at low (0.5–5 μg/ml) cycloheximide (cyh) concentrations. The cyh-resistant haploid strain MMY1 confers relatively high (10 μg/ml) cyh-resistance to heterozygous diploids constructed by mating this strain with cyh-sensitive haploid strains. We present here a genetic and biochemical study of strain MMY1. Analysis of tetrads obtained from a MMY1 heterozygous diploid showed that two unlinked nuclear mutations, determining high-and low-cycloheximide resistance, were present in MMY1. From a genomic library of this strain, constructed in vector YCp50, two plasmids (pRC1 and pRC13) have been isolated which, respectively, confer high-and low-resistance phenotypes to cyh-sensitive S. cerevisiae strains. The restriction maps of pRC1 and pRC13 are totally unrelated. This finding suggests that the genes harboring the two mutations encoding cyh-resistance from MMY1 were cloned in plasmids pRC1 and pRC13, respectively. Pulse field gel electrophoresis showed that the DNA insert of pRC1 maps at either chromosome VII or XV, whereas that from pRC13 maps at chromosome XI. This latter gene appears to define a previously unreported locus and has been named cyh5. By restriction and nucleotide sequencing analysis, the cyh gene present in pRC1 has been shown to correspond to cyh2, which maps at chromosome VII. These results suggest that the dominant cyh-resistance phenotype conferred by MMY1 in heterozygous diploids is promoted by the presence of both cyh2 and cyh5. A 2.3 kb NcoI fragment, containing cyh2 from pRC1, has been inserted in vectors YCp50, YEp13 and YIp5. By selecting at discriminating cyh concentrations, the resulting constructs efficiently transform a variety of haploid and diploid yeasts of both laboratory and industrial origin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Bulletin of volcanology 56 (1994), S. 228-237 
    ISSN: 1432-0819
    Keywords: Key words: Colima Volcano ; Mexico ; volcanic earthquakes ; harmonic tremors ; volcanic hazard ; monitoring of volcanos ; correlation of eruptive and seismic activities.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract. Ten years after the last effusive eruption and at least 15 years of seismic quiescence, volcanic seismic activity started at Colima volcano on 14 February 1991, with a seismic crisis which reached counts of more than 100 per day and showed a diversity of earthquake types. Four other distinct seismic crises followed, before a mild effusive eruption in April 1991. The second crisis preceded the extrusion of an andesitic scoriaceous lava lobe, first reported on 1 March; during this crisis an interesting temporary concentration of seismic foci below the crater was observed shortly before the extrusion was detected. The third crisis was constituted by shallow seismicity, featuring possible mild degassing explosion-induced activity in the form of hiccups (episodes of simple wavelets that repeat with diminishing amplitude), and accompanied by increased fumarolic activity. The growth of the new lava dome was accompanied by changing seismicity. On 16 April during the fifth crisis which consisted of some relatively large, shallow, volcanic earthquakes and numerous avalanches of older dome material, part of the newly extruded dome, which had grown towards the edge of the old dome, collapsed, producing the largest avalanches and ash flows. Afterwards, block lava began to flow slowly along the SW flank of the volcano, generating frequent small incandescent avalanches. The seismicity associated with the stages of this eruptive activity shows some interesting features: most earthquake foci were located north of the summit, some of them relatively deep (7–11 km below the summit level), underneath the saddle between the Colima and the older Nevado volcanoes. An apparently seismic quiet region appears between 4 and 7 km below the summit level. In June, harmonic tremors were detected for the first time, but no changes in the eruptive activity could be correlated with them. After June, the seismicity decreasing trend was established, and the effusive activity stopped on September 1991.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Experimental brain research 88 (1992), S. 106-116 
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Bulbo-spinal inhibition ; Presynaptic inhibition ; Primary afferent depolarization ; Inhibition of PAD ; Spinal cord ; Brain stem ; Frog
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary 1. In the isolated spinal cord and brainstem of the frog, stimulation of the brainstem (BS) with trains of 3–4 pulses at 60–400 Hz produced dorsal root potentials (DRPs). The lowest threshold sites eliciting DRPs were located at the level of the obex up to about 2.5 mm rostrally, 0.5–1.2 mm laterally, between 0.5 and 1.6 mm depth. This region corresponds to the bulbar reticular formation (RF). 2. Stimulation of the RF with strengths below those required to produce DRPs, very effectively inhibited the DRPs produced by stimulation of a neighboring dorsal root (DR-DRPs) as well as the DRPs produced by antidromic stimulation of the central end of motor nerves (VR-DRPs). The inhibition was detectable 20 ms after the first pulse of the conditioning train, attained maximal values between 50 and 100 ms and lasted more than 250ms. 3. Stimulation of the bulbar RF increased the negative response (N1 response) produced in the motor pool by antidromic activation of motoneurons. The time course of the facilitation of the N1 response resembled that of the reticularly-induced inhibition of the VR-DRPs and DR-DRPs. 4. The present series of observations supports the existence of reticulospinal pathways that are able to inhibit the depolarization elicited in afferent fibers by stimulation of other afferent fibers or by antidromic activation of motor axons. This inhibition appears to be exerted on the PAD mediating interneurons and is envisaged as playing an important role in motor control.
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