Giant GABAB-mediated Synaptic Potentials Induced by Zinc in the Rat Hippocampus: Paradoxical Effects of Zinc on the GABAB Receptor
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The interaction of zinc with pre- and postsynaptic GABAB receptors was studied in adult rat hippocampal slices using intracellular recording in CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons. Zinc (50 – 300 μM) antagonized baclofen responses with a variable potency, whereas CGP-35348 (100 μM) or barium (300 μM) produced a more substantial and consistent inhibition. Zinc also induced giant GABAA-mediated depolarizing potentials (GDP) in these neurons. After blocking GABAA and excitatory synaptic transmission, monosynaptic hyperpolarizing inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSP) mediated by GABAB receptors (IPSPB) were inhibited by CGP-35348 or barium; however, zinc increased the latency and prolonged the duration of the IPSPB and also induced the appearance of spontaneous giant GABAB-mediated hyperpolarizing potentials (GHP). In some cells, IPSPBs in zinc exhibited a multiphasic appearance. The early component was partially inhibited by 300 μM zinc and was followed by a late GHP. CGP-35348 at 100 μM inhibited the early monosynaptic IPSPB but not the GHP; however, at 300 μM both components were blocked. Paired-pulse inhibition of the IPSPB was used to assess the effect of zinc on presynaptic GABAB receptors. Neither the zinc-chelating agent CP94 (400 μM) nor zinc affected this phenomenon. CGP-35348, barium and polyvalent cations, such as cadmium, copper, cobalt, manganese, iron and aluminium, failed to induce giant potentials in hippocampal neurons. It is concluded that zinc is apparently unique in synchronizing the release of GABA to produce GDPs and GHPs.
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