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  • Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)  (11)
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  • 1
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: n.a.
    Description: In this paper six authors propose guidelines for German labor market policy, to overcome current discouragement and lead to a new balance of social security and individual competetiveness. Crucial aspects in this regard should be a reformed tax system based on excise instead of income taxes, and a system of incentives (vouchers) to encourage further education and individual initiative in the event of unemployment. In addition the declaration pleads for economic regulation of immigration and demands more marketability of honorary work. The welfare state should not be shattered but has to stimulate the individual to take economic risks and chances. This paper has been forwarded to a broader German public in order to influence discussion on the future course of labor market policy.
    Keywords: J00 ; ddc:330 ; labor market ; migration and economics ; tax system ; welfare state
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: In this paper I consider the desirability of drugs that enhance cognitive abilities in the context of tournaments that are used as optimal labor contracts as in Lazear and Rosen (1981). Such drugs reduce the number of voluntary participants in a tournament, but increase individual and total output. If the tournament is optimally designed, welfare is higher if drugs are available and used.
    Keywords: D72 ; D74 ; L23 ; M54 ; ddc:330 ; cognitive enhancement drugs ; tournament ; labor market incentives ; doping ; entry in tournaments
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: Against the background of the worldwide financial market and economic crisis, leading German economists urge policymakers to maintain the reform course in labor market policy. The experts warn not to jeopardize the clearly positive effects of the recent reform efforts. The Petersberg Declaration also proposes an economic orientation of German immigration legislation and an improvement of the market for social services, which has so far been dominated by voluntary work. Moreover, the welfare state should encourage risk-taking as a key factor for mobility, innovation, and growth.
    Keywords: J20 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; labor market ; workfare ; education ; immigration law ; welfare state ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Arbeitsmarktflexibilität ; Aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Bildungspolitik ; Einwanderungsrecht ; Sozialreform ; Steuerreform ; Ökonomischer Anreiz ; Deutschland
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: A woman assessing the wealth of a potential husband may observe some, but not all, of his wealth. She may screen, leading to status consumption and wasteful gift giving. The screening activity is costly not only for the potential husband, but also for the woman, as it reduces the wealth of the man she may marry. A sound observable financial background ('old money') benefits the candidate but also the woman, and reduces wasteful status consumption spending. Also, aging and attractiveness of the woman affect the equilibrium conspicuous spending pattern.
    Keywords: J12 ; D82 ; ddc:330 ; marriage ; screening ; search ; conspicuous consumption ; status
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: This paper compares education investment in closed and open economies without government and with a benevolent government. The fact that the time consistency problem in taxation can make labor mobility beneficial even if governments are fully benevolent – which is known from other contexts – is shown to be true in the economies considered. It is further shown that labor mobility is unambiguously beneficial if private insurance for human capital investment is available.
    Keywords: H21 ; H23 ; ddc:330 ; Globalization ; commitment ; time consistent income taxation ; migration ; education effort ; Bildungsinvestition ; Offene Volkswirtschaft ; Steuerpolitik ; Zeitkonsistenz ; Internationale Arbeitsmobilität ; Globalisierung ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: We study the effects of patriotism on tax compliance. In particular, we assume that individuals feel a (random draw of) warm glow from honestly paying their taxes. A higher expected warm glow reduces the government's optimal audit probability and yields higher tax compliance. Second, individuals with higher warm glow are less likely to evade taxes. This prediction is confirmed empirically by a multivariate analysis on the individual level while controlling for several other potentially confounding factors. The findings survive a variety of robustness checks, including an instrumental variables estimation to tackle the possible endogeneity of patriotism. On the aggregate level, we provide evidence for a negative correlation between average patriotic warm glow and the size of the shadow economy across several countries.
    Keywords: H26 ; K42 ; ddc:330 ; Patriotism ; tax evasion ; warm glow ; Ethnopsychologie ; Steuererhebung ; Steuermoral ; Schattenwirtschaft ; Multivariate Analyse ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: We consider redistributional taxation between people with and without human capital if education is endogenous and if individuals differ in their perceptions about own ability. Those who see their ability as low like redistributive taxation because of the transfers it generates. Those who see their ability as high may also like redistributive taxation because it stops other people receiving education and increases the quasi rents on their own human capital. It is surprising that this rather indirect effect can overcompensate them for the income loss from taxation and make the overconfident want higher taxes than the less confident do. The results, however, turn out to be in line with empirical evidence on the desired amount of redistribution among young individuals.
    Keywords: I21 ; H23 ; D78 ; ddc:330 ; education ; redistribution ; confidence ; Bildungsökonomik ; Bildungsniveau ; Steuerpolitik ; Einkommensumverteilung ; Public Choice ; Bildungsinvestition ; Schätzung ; Theorie ; Frankreich
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: Restrictions on work hours are more important in countries with a large welfare state. We show that this empirical observation is consistent with the strategic effects of such restrictions in a welfare state in the context of optimal direct taxation in the tradition of Mirrlees (1971). Our results also apply to non-welfarist states which have income redistribution, but not in purely extortionary states.
    Keywords: H23 ; H21 ; ddc:330 ; optimal income taxation ; labor unions ; work hours ; Einkommensteuer ; Optimale Besteuerung ; Arbeitszeitflexibilisierung ; Gewerkschaftspolitik ; Soziale Wohlfahrtsfunktion ; Einkommensumverteilung ; Wohlfahrtseffekt ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: For patriotic citizens, living in their native country is intrinsically preferable compared to living in the diaspora. In this paper, we analyze the implications of such a patriotic lock-in in a world with international migration and redistributive taxation. In a formal model of redistribution with international migration and fiscal competition we derive the main hypothesis: that countries with a more patriotic population should have higher redistributive taxes. Using ISSP survey data and combining them with OECD taxation data, we find robust evidence suggesting that a) higher patriotism is associated with higher tax burdens, and b) this relation is stronger for the upper-middle range of the income distribution.
    Keywords: H20 ; H73 ; ddc:330 ; Patriotism ; international mobility ; taxation ; redistribution ; fiscal competition ; Ethnopsychologie ; Gesellschaftliches Bewusstsein ; Internationale Wanderung ; Steuersystem ; Steuerwirkung ; Einkommensumverteilung ; OECD-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: This paper considers education investment and public education subsidies in closed and open economies with an extortionary government. The extortionary government in a closed economy has incentives to subsidize education in order to overcome a hold-up problem of time consistent taxation, similar to benevolent governments. The two types of government differ in their education policies if highly productive labor is fully mobile. Extortionary governments? incentives for education subsidies vanish and they even have an incentive to prevent individuals from mobility increasing education investment. Tax competition therefore reduces hold-up problems of time consistent extortionary taxation, but also introduces incentives that reduce workers? utility.
    Keywords: H21 ; H23 ; ddc:330 ; Globalization ; commitment ; time consistent income taxation ; migration ; education ; Bildungsinvestition ; Einkommensteuerpolitik ; Bildungspolitik ; Internationale Arbeitsmobilität ; Steuerwettbewerb ; Leviathan-Modell ; Öffentliche Bildungsausgaben ; Globalisierung ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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