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  • Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies  (6)
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  • 1
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: The aim of this paper is to map the position of the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) region for university – industry cooperation in research and development. (R&D) To meet this goal, we use the Global Competitiveness Index 2011 database and consider those indicators describing the knowledge production and the knowledge absorption potential of 142 participating countries. Based on a discriminant analysis, we classify the countries and synthesize their performances for the selected indicators. The results confirm our hypothesis regarding the heterogeneity of the CEE countries’ performances for university – industry cooperation and identifies the factors that explain the variations.
    Keywords: O3 ; ddc:330 ; university – industry cooperation ; CEE region ; Global Competitiveness Index 2011 ; discriminant analysis Romania
    Language: English
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  • 2
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: The main objective of this paper is to analyse and understand the factors which constantly position Romania on the last places of the European digital rankings, especially at the Human Capital/Digital skills indicators and, secondary, to raise awareness concerning the necessity of increasing digital competences in Romania. The paper provides a comparison among Romania and other three European countries, better positioned on the European ranking, namely Germany, Poland and Denmark. The paper concludes that the level of preparedness of the human capital with digital competence has played a crucial role in assuring the success of the European industry. Learning from the better positioned countries on the European digital ranking can be a solution for Romania in increasing its performance and maintaining a valuable role in the European industry framework.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Digitising European industry ; comparative analysis ; human capital ; digital competence ; Romania
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: The EU is permanently trying to secure its proximity by creating a “ring of friends” in the neighbourhood. Thus, stabilization through economic integration and modernization have been the purpose of the European Neighbourhood Policy (the ENP) since its creation, in 2004. Successive reviews of the ENP in the past decade have aimed to customize support to different needs of the partners. Funding has been allocated according to the level of commitment to reform of the EU neighbours. The six small states of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) have benefitted not only from common ENP provisions, but also from specific instruments dedicated to their particular situation. Bilateral and multi-country programmes included in the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), but also instruments from other EU policies and support from the International Financial Institutions (IFI) have helped the EaP members to achieve progress in EU approximation.
    Keywords: F55 ; G23 ; O19 ; P33 ; ddc:330 ; funding ; financial instruments ; Eastern neighbourhood ; “more for more” ; reform
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 4
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: The first EU Alert Mechanism Report demonstrates the vulnerable macroeconomic external position of Romania, the current Romanian’s balance of payments reflecting a severe need of financing and capitalization. On the other hand, the 2007-2013 programming period potentially provided a significant amount of EU money for investments (around 29 billion euro) through Structural Funds. However, five years after the beginning of the current financial framework, the level of absorption remains extremely low. The paper focuses on the main Romanian macroeconomic imbalances (the current account balance, international investment position) and on the most important sources for financing investments and development - the EU financial structural instruments: ERDF and Cohesion Fund.
    Keywords: F02 ; F36 ; F59 ; ddc:330 ; economic and financial crisis ; macroeconomic imbalances ; EU funds absorption ; balance of payment Romania
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: Le début du XXIeme a connu un essor remarquable des marchés financiers, de l’innovation et des processus de déréglementation. L’inflation faible, la liquidité abondante, la confiance dans les marchés efficaces et autorégulateurs ont conduit a une perception généralisée de risque faible, incitant les acteurs a une prise accrue de risque. Face aux crises qui s’enchaînent depuis maintenant cinq ans, des mesures de ré-réglementation du systeme ont été proposées, communément appelées Reformes de Bâle. L’article analyse l’évolution des recommandations de Bâle en lien avec l’évolution économique et des marchés financiers et évalue l’impact de ces dernieres sur le secteur bancaire roumain.
    Keywords: G18 ; G14 ; G21 ; G15 ; ddc:330 ; Bâle ; crise financiere ; crise économique ; risque systémique ; ratio de solvabilité ; ratio de liquidité Romania
    Language: French
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  • 6
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    Iasi: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Centre for European Studies
    Publication Date: 2019-06-20
    Description: Recent changes in the security environment of Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus have been reshaping the strategies of the six small countries in the proximity of both the EU and Russia. Their attempts to take upon themselves their Soviet heritage and their sensitive geographical position were reflected by a mix of East-West orientations. Some of them chose to create stronger economic bonds with the EU members while others decided to anticipate Russian discontent in separatist areas they shelter and became members of the EEU. Regardless of their option, the Eastern Partnership members embarked? on a long road of political, social and economic changes, so that their stability and growth would become pillars of a stronger role on the regional and international arena in the future. The EU, in turn, has been supporting its partners to the East according to their level of commitment to reform and approximation, although the economic benefits of this relation are imperceptible.
    Keywords: D72 ; D74 ; F13 ; F15 ; F51 ; N44 ; ddc:330 ; Eastern Partnership ; Association Agreements ; frozen conflicts ; conditionality ; trade ; approximation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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