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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Journal of pineal research 38 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-079X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract:  The aim of this study was to determine the effects of melatonin on proinflammatory status of rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). CIA was induced in male Wistar rats with an emulsion of type II collagen in Freund's Incomplete Adjuvant (C-II/FIA). For 14 days, control and pinealectomized rats received a subcutaneous injection of 100 μL melatonin (30 μg) or vehicle (saline on 1% ethanol). Levels of cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 were determined in the serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and joints. Levels of anti-type II collagen antibody, nitrite/nitrate, and lipid peroxidation (LPO) were determined in the serum, joints, and brain. Treatment with melatonin significantly increased the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, nitrite/nitrate and LPO in joints. However, melatonin significantly reduced the levels of nitrite/nitrate and LPO in serum and brain. Moreover, CIA in pinealectomized rats presented significantly reduced levels of IL-1β and IL-6, titers of anti-type II collagen antibodies, levels of nitrite/nitrate, and LPO in joints but elevated levels in serum and brain. Melatonin has been described as a proinflammatory and antioxidant agent. In a process of inflammation as CIA, melatonin acts with a markedly proinflammatory effect at local and peripheral levels maintaining its antioxidant effect only at peripheral level.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Journal of pineal research 39 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-079X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract:  To gain insight into the relationship between thymus and pineal gland during rat development, the melatonin content as well as the activity and expression of the two key enzymes for melatonin biosynthesis, i.e. N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT), were studied in the thymus at fetal and postnatal stages. Moreover, melatonin-membrane receptor (MT1) expression was also analyzed. We found both the expression and activity of thymic NAT and HIOMT at 18 days of fetal life. Additionally, there is production of melatonin in the thymus as well as MT1 expression at this fetal age. These results show values higher in day-time than at night-time. The pineal gland begins to produce significant levels of melatonin around postnatal day 16, and this synthesis shows a circadian rhythm with high values during the dark period; therefore the nocturnal serum melatonin may inhibit thymic melatonin production. To document this, we report an increased melatonin content of the thymus in pinealectomized rats compared with sham-pinealectomized. In conclusion, these results show, for the first time, the presence of the biosynthetic machinery of melatonin and melatonin production in developing rat thymus and that the pineal gland may regulate this process.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Journal of cutaneous pathology 32 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0560
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  The term ‘glomeruloid haemangioma’ was coined by Chan et al. for a histologically distinctive cutaneous haemangioma, which they considered a specific cutaneous marker for POEMS syndrome. Glomeruloid haemangiomas appear to be specific to POEMS syndrome, because they have not been reported in patients without this syndrome.Methods:  We report on an 86-year-old man without POEMS syndrome and with a solitary red papule on the face.Results:  A cutaneous biopsy showed histological findings consistent with a glomeruloid haemangioma. Physical examination of the skin did not show any other cutaneous lesion and laboratory and radiological studies ruled out the presence of POEMS syndrome.Conclusions:  Glomeruloid haemangiomas could exceptionally be present as solitary vascular tumours and out of the context of POEMS syndrome. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported of glomeruloid haemangioma without POEMS syndrome. Moreover, the presentation on the face is also highly unusual.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Experimental dermatology 14 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract:  Mitochondrial dysfunction might play a role in the pathogenesis of liver damage in erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP). Changes in mitochondrial respiratory chain activities were evaluated in the Fechm1pas/Fechm1pas mouse model for EPP.Mice from different strains congenic for the same ferrochelatase germline mutation manifest variable degrees of hepatobiliary injury. Protoporphyric animals bred into the C57BL/6J background showed a higher degree of hepatomegaly and liver damage as well as higher protoporphyrin (PP) accumulation than those bred into the SJL/J and BALB/cJ backgrounds. Whereas mitochondrial respiratory chain activities remained unchanged in the liver of protoporphyric mice C57BL/6J, they were increased in protoporphyric mice from both SJL/J and BALB/cJ backgrounds, when compared to wild-type animals. Mitochondrial respiratory chain activities were increased in Hep G2 cell line after accumulation of PP following addition of aminolevulinic acid. As a direct effect of these elevated mitochondrial activities, in both hepatic cells from mutant mouse strains and Hep G2 cells, adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) levels significantly increased as the intracellular PP concentration was reduced.These results indicate that PP modifies intracellular ATP requirements as well as hepatic mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymatic activities and further suggest that an increase of these activities may provide a certain degree of protection against liver damage in protoporphyric mice.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Physiologia plantarum 125 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: By means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, using degenerate oligonucleotides conserved among ethylene-responsive transcription factors, we have isolated and characterized a cDNA clone encoding a protein involved in ethylene signalling during the breaking of dormancy in Fagus sylvatica L. seeds. This clone, named FsERF1, exhibits high homology to ethylene-responsive factors (ERFs) from several plant species. The expression of FsERF1 as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli confirmed that it was able to bind to the GCC box, a cis element present in the promoters of several ethylene-responsive genes, corroborating its role as a DNA-binding protein. Northern analysis showed that the transcript levels increased when dormancy was broken by ethephon (an ethylene-releasing compound), or by moist prechilling pretreatment at restricted water content, and were almost undetectable when seeds remained dormant by the addition of abscisic acid, aminooxyacetic acid (an ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor) or warm pretreatment, and when seeds were artificially dried, suggesting that FsERF1 function may be more closely related with the transition from seed dormancy to germination than with responses to drought stress mediated by ethylene.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0714
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  We present a series of 10 patients with osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) that appeared following cancer chemotherapy.Material and methods:  Of the 10 cases with ONJ, six had bone metastases from breast cancers and the other four had multiple myeloma. We analysed the location of bone metastases, as well as the characteristics of the ONJ, and the drugs with which they had been treated for their bone metastases.Results:  Of the 10 patients, all had ONJ in the mandible; 50% also had maxillary involvement. The average number of areas of painful exposed was 2.1 per patient (range 1–5). In seven patients a tooth extraction preceded the onset of ONJ. Two patients developed oroantral communications and another a cutaneous fistula to the neck with suppuration. In all the 10 patients the histopatholological diagnosis was of chronic osteomyelitis without evidence of metastatic disease to the jaws. All the patients had received treatment for their malignant bone disease with bisphosphonates. These were the only drugs that all patients had received.Conclusion:  ONJ appears to have a relationship with the use of bisphosphonates.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 60 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Physiologia plantarum 124 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L) is generally cultivated using two different planting and harvest patterns. In northern zones, spring sugar beet is sown in spring and harvested in autumn, whereas in subtropical latitudes, autumn sugar beet is sown in autumn and harvested in summer. The industrial quality of the root is frequently higher in spring-sown sugar beet crops. In order to explore physiological changes associated with this fact, this study has been focused on the seasonal changes of adenosine 5′-triphosphate and adenosine 5′-diphosphate levels in the storage roots of sugar beet plants, as an index of its metabolic status. The results obtained correspond to a different metabolic status of spring and autumn sugar beet at the moment of harvest. The adenylate patterns of autumn beets suggested a functional and active respiratory system. On the contrary, the patterns shown by spring beets corresponded to those we would expect to see in plants becoming dormant. The proline and glucose contents, which decrease the industrial quality of the root, and the respiratory rate measured in autumn-sown sugar beets, were nearly twice those of spring-sown sugar beets. The combination of an active respiratory system, which allows the carbohydrate catabolism and the synthesis of stress molecules, with the environmental factors at the time of the harvest, could be the underlying physiological mechanism causing some of the differences between spring- and autumn-sown sugar beet crops.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Contact dermatitis 53 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0536
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 60 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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