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  • Other Sources  (55)
  • Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)  (31)
  • Amsterdam: Elsevier  (24)
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  • Other Sources  (55)
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  • 1
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: Risk is a daily reality especially among agricultural producers in developing countries, thus agricultural insurance is of interest to farmers, policymakers, insurance companies, and development finance institutions. From a survey data of 2,512 farmers, this paper sheds light on the possible factors affecting insurance availment among the farmers in five selected regions in the Philippines. The farmers' reasons for availing of crop include: encouraged by neighbors, friends, relatives and because of the agricultural technicians in the local government unit. Farmers also shared that insurance is a requirement for getting a loan. Among the possible factors for insurance uptake, level of education, farming experience, and membership in farmer organization are significant factors in the availment of crop insurance from the Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation. Increasing coverage rate of crop insurance among farmers remains to be a challenge in a highly subsidized crop insurance program of the Philippines.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; crop insurance ; poverty ; risks and shocks in agriculture ; Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: This paper contributes to the scant body of literature on inequalities among and within ethnic groups in the Philippines by examining both the vertical and horizontal measures in terms of opportunities in accessing basic services such as education, electricity, safe water, and sanitation. The study also provides a glimpse of the patterns of inequality in Mindanao. The results show that there are significant inequalities in opportunities in accessing basic services within and among ethnic groups in the Philippines. Muslims (particularly the indigenous people) are the worst-off ethnic groups while the nonindigenous/non-Muslim groups are the better-off groups. Disparities in terms of literacy rate and access to electricity and sanitation between ethnic groups, however, appear to be narrowing between 2000 and 2010.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Philippines ; income inequality ; ethnic groups ; inequality ; indigenous people
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: In the Philippines, women and children with disabilities were found to have lower literacy and school participation rates, and generally have lower educational attainment, than male persons with disability (PWDs) and nondisabled children. This paper is part of the joint project of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies and the Institute of Developing Economies. It looked into the school participation of children with disability in Mandaue City and San Remigio, Cebu, Philippines. Using survey data (collected involving PWD enumerators) and key informant interviews with various stakeholders, the study found that school participation among PWD children is generally low in both study sites. Possible reasons for low school participation are: type and severity of impairment, distance of school (especially in rural area, San Remigio), household size, and income. Some recommendations include making sure that assistive devices given to PWD children match their needs, possible learning livelihood and basic health care modules/trainings for parents, exploring ways to train more teachers (including the Alternative Learning System or ALS) to handle children with disabilities, and possible local government unit partnerships to provide venues for the ALS. Lastly, the study recommends pushing for more awareness to make schools not just "child friendly" but also "PWD friendly".
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; school participation ; Person with disability (PWD) children ; San Remigio ; Mandaue City ; Cebu ; City ; Philippines
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2019-12-12
    Description: While agricultural insurance has long been considered a risk management tool for farmers in both developing and developed economies, policy directions toward sustainability vary across countries. Reviewing the literature provides a comprehensive view of relevant issues, such as objectives of the program, credit access by farmers, program costs, and premium subsidies provided by the national and local governments. This paper provides insights on how agricultural insurance programs from selected developed and developing economies were implemented. Learning from different country experiences, agricultural insurance is important yet costly to implement. Private insurance companies complement with the government-run insurance company to improve coverage rates. Targeting eligible beneficiaries is crucial in the success of a highly subsidized agricultural insurance, especially in developing economies.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; agricultural insurance ; crop insurance ; developed economies ; developing economies
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2019-12-12
    Description: Providing agricultural insurance to farmers and fisherfolk in the Philippines has been implemented for nearly three decades. While it is agreed that agricultural insurance is crucial in assisting farmers, fisherfolk, and governments in lessening the negative financial impact of natural events, issues of providing premium subsidies and being tied to credit in the Philippines remain to be important policy issues. This paper reviews available information about partnerships between local government units (LGUs) and the Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation. The aim is to look at these innovations that may promote and enhance agricultural insurance in the Philippines. Providing for full premium subsidies and as a form of loan to the farmers was implemented by the LGUs reviewed in this paper. Further study is needed to determine which scheme works best in terms of increasing coverage over the long term and ensuring financial viability.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; agricultural insurance ; LGUs ; Philippine Crop Insurance ; subsidy
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: Three billion people cook their food on biomass-fueled fires. This practice contributes to the anthropogenic radiative forcing. Fuel-efficient biomass cookstoves have the potential to reduce CO2-equivalent emissions from cooking, however, cookstoves made from modern materials and distributed through energy-intensive supply chains have higher embodied CO2-equivalent than traditional cookstoves. No studies exist examining whether lifetime emissions savings from fuel-efficient biomass cookstoves offset embodied emissions, and if so, by what margin. This paper is a complete life cycle inventory of 'The Berkeley-Darfur Stove,' disseminated in Sudan by the non-profit Potential Energy. We estimate the embodied CO2-equivalent in the cookstove associated with materials, manufacturing, transportation, and end-of-life is 17kg of CO2-equivalent. Assuming a mix of 55% non-renewable biomass and 45% renewable biomass, five years of service, and a conservative 35% reduction in fuel use relative to a three-stone fire, the cookstove will offset 7.5 tonnes of CO2-equivalent. A one-to-one replacement of a three-stone fire with the cookstove will save roughly 440 times more CO2-equivalent than it 'costs' to create and distribute. Over its five-year life, we estimate the total use-phase emissions of the cookstove to be 13.5 tonnes CO2-equivalent, and the use-phase accounts for 99.9% of cookstove life cycle emissions. The dominance of use-phase emissions illuminate two important insights: (1) without a rigorous program to monitor use-phase emissions, an accurate estimate of life cycle emissions from biomass cookstoves is not possible, and (2) improving a cookstove's avoided emissions relies almost exclusively on reducing use-phase emissions even if use-phase reductions come at the cost of substantially increased non-use-phase emissions.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 7
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: To reduce the risks and vulnerability to sudden income shocks faced by households due to natural calamities, disability, illnesses and other causes, ensuring that social protection programs are designed in a relevant and effective manner is crucial. This study examines the coverage of several social protection programs with focus on social insurance schemes like the SSS/GSIS, PhilHealth and social pension programs. The idea is to profile those with access to these schemes, examine potential exclusion issues and leakages, and provide insights for improving access to insurance schemes. This paper likewise examines access to social insurance with a gender perspective to help determine any need for differentiated intervention or program design for men and women.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Social protection ; Philippines ; social insurance ; gender
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: Digital technology applied to banking and financial transactions or e-finance in general has made financial services more widely available and affordable to consumers. And with appropriate and affordable technologies and applications, the financially excluded and the unserved can participate in mainstream banking and finance that will open many opportunities for consumption smoothing and investment and earning possibilities. This paper attempts to study the contribution of technology towards financial inclusion in the Philippines and analyze whether e-finance has enabled the last mile consumers to avail of financial products and services affordably and conveniently. It uses data from financial inclusion databases, and results from a national financial inclusion survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussions with users of a mobile banking application. Electronic money transfers are found to be increasing in the country, but digital adoption rate, particularly for mobile payments, is relatively low especially if compared with countries in the region. The study probes into the experience and concerns of digital finance users, and presents recommendations to improve provision and use of digital financial products and services.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; e-finance ; digital finance ; digital financial inclusion ; mobile banking ; electronic banking ; electronic money ; e-money
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: Understanding migration behavior is crucial in designing policy interventions for influencing migrants' behavior. An aspect of international migration that lacks scholarly inquiry is temporary labor migration. This paper examines migration behavior of households from a labor-sending rural village in the Philippines. It specifically looks at the role of migrant networks in the perpetuation of labor migration. This study found that not all types of migrant networks matter for international labor migration. While the standard job search model would find weaker ties more useful in the search for jobs, we found empirical evidence that strong ties matter more in international labor migration from a developing country context. Notwithstanding the limitations of the study and based on the sample that was used, we found that international migration in the Philippines is an intergenerational phenomenon.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Labor migration ; temporary migration ; migrant networks ; Philippine migration
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-16
    Description: The Philippines demonstrated significant economic growth - and is still gaining momentum - in recent years. This was after being tagged as the 'sick man of Asia' for showing slow growth while its Asian neighbors flourished. To sustain the current growth momentum and make it inclusive, transforming the economy becomes crucial. The government developed a new industrial strategy. It started with the Manufacturing Resurgence Program which developed industrial roadmaps with the help of the private sector. This was meant to evolve into a Comprehensive National Industrial Policy (CNIP) that integrates industry/manufacturing with agriculture and services. The overall strategy identifies competition, innovation, and productivity as the underlying framework. The New Industrial Policy has further evolved into an Inclusive, Innovative Industrial Strategy (I3s) recognizing the crucial role of innovation especially as we are on the road towards Industry 4.0. The overall objective of the Philippine industrial strategy is to build globally-competitive industries as well as strong domestic and global linkages. Currently, there are 12 priority industries identified. To boost growth and make these industries competitive and productive, several strategic actions/measures have also been identified, such as addressing supply chain gaps, providing HRD and skills training, developing small and medium enterprises, considering innovation and upgrading, intensifying investment promotion, and addressing horizontal issues e.g. infrastructure, logistics, and regulatory processes, among others. With the strong economy that the Philippines has been experiencing and a new industrial policy being implemented, attaining growth that is sustainable and inclusive is promising. Manufacturing growth surpassing services sector growth in the last three years is a testament to the impact of the new industrial policy on the economy, especially in the manufacturing sector. With the continued implementation of the strategic actions and programs and support from stakeholders, goals that strengthen SMEs, industry and innovation hubs establishment, more and quality labor generation and labor productivity enhancement, among other aspirations for the industry, can be achieved.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Philippines ; new industrial policy ; Philippine industrial strategy ; macroeconomic performance ; Manufacturing Resurgence ; Program
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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