Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Abstract Release of N, retention in soil, availability to a subsequent crop and total recovery of N derived from different15N-labelled plant materials decomposing in soil was investigated in two field experiments. In the first experiment five different plant species (white clover, red clover, subterranean clover, field bean and timothy) and in the second subterranean clover of different maturity (2,3 and 4 months old) were buried in mesh bags in the soil and allowed to decompose for 10 and 4 months, respectively. Most of the N released from the decaying plant materials was retained in the soil (27–46% of input). The subsequent crop (barley) took up 6–25% of input. The uptake correlated with the amount of N released from the decomposing material (r=0.936*, I experiment). Similar amounts of subterranean clover N were taken up by barley regardless to whether the material was buried in soil in the previous autumn or just before sowing of the crop. At the end of the experiments, the total recovery of the introduced plant-derived N varied between 89 and 102%. The results present evidence that the ability of the soil to retain plant-derived N is strong in comparison with the ability of the subsequent crop and different loss mechanisms to remove it.
Type of Medium: