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  • 1
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    s.l.: PRME Regional Chapter Brazil, UNDP Office Brazil
    Publication Date: 2018-01-19
    Description: The aim of this paper is to create an indicator that compares the efficiency of countries in converting economic complexity into human development through the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method and econometric validation. The DEA will not only enable comparisons of efficiency across countries, but will also enable the creation of a global indicator and social efficiency rankings.
    Description: O objetivo deste trabalho é criar um indicador que compare a eficiência dos países na conversão da complexidade econômica em desenvolvimento humano através do método de análise de envolvimento de dados (DEA) e validação econométrica. A DEA não só permitirá comparações de eficiência entre países, mas também permitirá a criação de um indicador global e rankings de eficiência social.
    Keywords: O3 ; O4 ; ddc:330 ; Economic Complexity ; Human Development ; Data Envelopment Analysis
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    São Carlos: Universidade Federal de São Carlos | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-04-24
    Description: Economic growth is not the unique factor to explain human development. Due to that many authors have prioritized studies to measure the Human Development Index. However, these indices do not analyze how Economic Complexity can increase Human Development. The aim of this paper is to determine the efficiency of a set of nations from Latin America and Asia, to measure a country’s performance in converting Economic Complexity into Human Development, between 2010 and 2014. The method used was Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), through the Variable Returns of Scale (VRS) Model and Window Analysis. Results showed in 2014, all Asian countries were efficient except China and the Philippines, and Cuba was the benchmark for inefficient countries. Window Analysis showed Japan, Republic of Korea and Singapore were efficient over time. This result confirms the initial hypothesis of this article: the more complex countries are more efficient in generating Human Development.
    Description: Article accepted for publication in the journal Gestão & Produção.
    Description: O crescimento econômico não é o único fator que explica o desenvolvimento humano. Neste aspecto, índices sobre a qualidade de vida têm sido recorrentes na literatura. Entretanto, estes índices não analisam como a complexidade econômica é convertida em desenvolvimento humano. O objetivo deste artigo é mensurar a eficiência dos países latino americanos e asiáticos em converter complexidade econômica em desenvolvimento humano, entre 2010 e 2014. O método utilizado foi o Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), por meio do modelo de Retornos Variáveis à Escala (BCC) e Análise de Janela. Os resultados demonstraram que, em 2014, todos os países asiáticos foram eficientes, exceto a China e Filipinas. Neste ano, Cuba foi o país que mais serviu de benchmark para os países ineficientes. A análise em janela demonstrou que apenas Japão, Coréia do Sul e Singapura se mantiveram eficientes ao longo do tempo. Este resultado confirma a hipótese inicial deste artigo: economias mais complexas são mais eficientes em gerar desenvolvimento humano.
    Keywords: O15 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) ; Window Analysis ; Economic Complexity ; Human Development
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2015-04-24
    Description: It has been more than 30 years since the publication of the new head hypothesis, which proposed that the vertebrate head is an evolutionary novelty resulting from the emergence of neural crest and cranial placodes. Neural crest generates the skull and associated connective tissues, whereas placodes produce sensory organs. However, neither crest nor placodes produce head muscles, which are a crucial component of the complex vertebrate head. We discuss emerging evidence for a surprising link between the evolution of head muscles and chambered hearts - both systems arise from a common pool of mesoderm progenitor cells within the cardiopharyngeal field of vertebrate embryos. We consider the origin of this field in non-vertebrate chordates and its evolution in vertebrates.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Diogo, Rui -- Kelly, Robert G -- Christiaen, Lionel -- Levine, Michael -- Ziermann, Janine M -- Molnar, Julia L -- Noden, Drew M -- Tzahor, Eldad -- NS076542/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS076542/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01GM096032/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01HL108643/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Apr 23;520(7548):466-73. doi: 10.1038/nature14435.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Anatomy, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington DC 20059, USA. ; Aix Marseille Universite, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut de Biologie du Developpement de Marseille UMR 7288, 13288 Marseille, France. ; Center for Developmental Genetics, Department of Biology, New York University, New York 10003, USA. ; Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, California 94720, USA. ; Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. ; Department of Biological Regulation, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25903628" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biological Evolution ; Branchial Region/anatomy & histology/cytology/*embryology ; Head/*anatomy & histology/*embryology ; Heart/*anatomy & histology/*embryology ; Mesoderm/cytology ; Models, Biological ; Muscles/anatomy & histology/cytology/embryology ; Neural Crest/cytology ; Vertebrates/*anatomy & histology/*embryology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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