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  • Chemistry  (81)
  • Cell & Developmental Biology  (16)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Organic Magnetic Resonance 5 (1973), S. 5-6 
    ISSN: 0030-4921
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The Hammett σ values for para E (-) Substituents in 9-Phenyl octahydroxanthene outweigh the inductive and resonance effects acting on the methine proton.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biological Mass Spectrometry 28 (1993), S. 1542-1546 
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Peptide profiles of single neurons in Lymnaea stagnalis were directly characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry. The mass analysis was performed after minor pretreatment and without any separation steps. Good-quality spectra were obtained of several cell types and also other tissues. The results were compared with the results of conventional peptide chemical methods. In addition to many known peptides, several new peptides were identified. The method provides new opportunities for studying peptide compositions at the single-cell level, which is shown to have many advantages.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Organic Magnetic Resonance 28 (1990), S. 290-298 
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: 2D NMR ; Mortonins A, C and D ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: High-field 2D NMR studies of mortonins were performed at 500 MHz (1H) and 125 MHz (13C). Unambiguous assignment both of the 13C data to the carbon skeleton and that of the proton chemical shifts in these molecules was achieved, together with the establishment of the configuration of the asymmetric centres. Some previously reported signals have been reassigned.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Organic Magnetic Resonance 30 (1992), S. 1012-1018 
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: Peptide group proton shift effects ; Proton chemical shift computation ; Protein backbone conformation ; Solution peptide and protein structures ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: It has been found that protein NH protons on top of a peptide group plane experience large upfield conformation shifts. The joint analysis of this effect and other known effects of the peptide group on proton chemical shifts has led to a two-term empirical expression for peptide group proton chemical shift computation as a function of protein backbone conformation. Both terms are expressed by McConnell's point-dipole shielding expressions, one referred to an axis perpendicular to the peptide plane and origin in the coordinate centre of the OCN atoms and the other referred to an axis along the carbonyl bond and origin close to the oxygen atom. Values for the two constants have been determined by least-squares fitting of the C-α, H and amide NH chemical shifts of the protein ubiquitin. As a cross-check on the validity of the expression, the C-α, H and NH shifts of ribonuclease and BPTI (basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor) have been computed. The general agreement between the observed and computed shifts and the correlation coefficients found (0.72 on average) indicate that the expression accounts for the main physical effects of the protein peptide group on the proton chemical shifts. It is shown that, together with ring current shifts, the expression explains the main characteristics of the C-α, H and amide NH chemical shifts in proteins.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 303 (1960), S. 217-226 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The preparation of tris-(trimethylsilyl) amine and its chemical and physical properties are described. The RAMAN- and infrared-spectra of this compound and those of methyltrimethylsilyl-amine, dimethyl-trimethylsilyl-amine, bis-(trimethylsilyl)-amine, and methyl-bis-(trimethylsilyl)-amine are reported and the frequencies assigned. It is assumed, that the bond forces of the N—Si-bonds are higher then 1.0; presumably the group NSi3 is not completely planar.
    Notes: Aus dem Natriumsalz des Hexamethyldisilazans und Trimethylchlorsilan wird Tris-(trimethylsilyl)-amin dargestellt - Fp. 70-71°, Kp.12mm 76°, d20 = 0,8635, nD20 = 1,4545, Dipolmoment 0,51 D -, eine weiße, gegenüber Wasser und auch ziemlich starker Natronlauge widerstandsfähige Substanz. Von dieser Verbindung sowie von Methyl-trimethylsily-amin, Dimethyl-trimethylsilyl-amin, Hexa- und Heptamethyl-disilazan wurden die RAMAN- und Infrarot-Spektren aufgenommen und ausgedeutet. Aus dieser Untersuchung wird geschlossen, daß das freie Elektronenpaar am Stickstoff teilweise als π-Elektronen die SiN-Bindungen verstärkt. Vollständige Planartät liegt wahrscheinlich nicht vor.
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 113 (1982), S. 67-72 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The in vitro incubation of cells from turpentine-induced rat myeloid hyperplastic marrow and peritoneal monocyte/macrophage with 14C-arachidonic acid resulted in the incorporation of the radiolabel into the particulate phospholipids. Challenge of the radiolabeled cells with a highly purified type I CSF (CSF I) from human pancreatic carcinoma cells in continuous culture resulted in the hydrolysis and release of the 14C-arachidonic acid from the cellular phospholipids. The simultaneous challenge of the prelabeled cells with CSF-I and its specific antibody (anti-CSF-I antibody) inhibited the CSF-I induced hydrolysis of 14C-arachidonic acid from the cells. These results confer a specificity on the CSF-I induced release of arachidonic acid from the cellular phospholipids. Our data also demonstrated that the 14C-arachidonic acid released from the cellular phospholipids was further transformed into products of the cyclooxygenation and lipoxygenation pathways by cellular enzyme systems in both populations of cells. Interestingly, our data also indicate that the challenge of the granulocytic hyperplastic marrow cells and the monocyte/macrophage cells with purified CSF-I resulted in a higher generation of lipoxygenase products in the predominantly granulocytic cell population than in the population rich in monocyte/macrophage cells. The biological significance of this observation remains to be further explored. Thus, the CSF-I-induced release of cellular arachidonic acid explains, at least in part, the presence of prostaglandins and other metabolites of arachidonic acid that are found in the media of hemopoietic cells incubated with a variety of CSF preparations.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 119 (1984), S. 35-40 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Prostaglandin F2α(PGF2α); which stimulates DNA synthesis in resting 3T3 cells, also stimulates the incorporation of [32P]PO4 into phosphatidylinositol. The effect is selective for PGF2α when compared with PGE1, PGE2, and PGF2α. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) also stimulates DNA synthesis but does not affect phosphatidylinositol turnover. PGE1, which acts synergistically with PGF2α to enhance DNA synthesis, does not affect the ability of PGF2α to enhance the incorporation of [32P]PO4 into phosphatidylinositol. PGF2α also causes a small increase in the cellular content of 1,2-diacylglycerol. This effect is not shared by EGF or PGE1. Stimulation of phosphatidylinositol metabolism resulting in an increase in the cellular content of 1,2-diacylglycerol may thus constitute an event in the pathway leading to the initiation of DNA synthesis in which PGF2α differs in its action from EGF.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 134 (1988), S. 57-66 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: An approach to the investigation how growth factors and hormones regulate mammalian cell proliferation is to study the activity of enzymes involved in DNA replication. Quiescent cultures of Swiss mouse 3T3 cells were stimulated with prostaglandin F2α insulin, and/or hydrocortisone for a time at which less than 50% of the cells had initiated DNA synthesis. Such cells were lysed with a Ca+ +-containing hypotonic buffer and incubated with a nucleotide mixture including [3H]thymidine-triphosphate for 1 hr at 37°C. The amount of radioactive label incorporated into the trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-precipitate and the percentage of labeled nuclei correlated with the in vivo stimulation. Analysis of radioactively and density-labeled DNA in sucrose and CsC gradients indicated that the incorporation of label reflected semiconservative replication. DNA polymerase activities were assayed in supernatants from whole-cell lysates prepared with a hypotonic buffer not containing Ca+ +. Using various templates, it was shown that the increase in activity of DNA polymerase α correlated with the percentage of cells in S phase upon the different stimulation, while DNA polymerase β activity after various times of stimulation showed that this activity increased only when cells began to enter S phase, regardless of the combination of growth factor and hormones.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 85 (1975), S. 579-585 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Cytochalasin B was used as a tool to study the inter-relationships between cell movement, the reinitiated DNA synthesis and the enhanced transport of specific small molecules stimulated by serum in quiescent 3T3 cells. Cytochalasin at concentrations of less than 1 μg/ml inhibits serum-stimulated movement within the monolayer and migration into a wound. Even at ten times this concentration there is little effect on the increase in DNA in the culture, indicating that movement away from neighboring cells is not required for the initiation of DNA synthesis.While DNA synthesis is not inhibited by concentrations of cytochalasin up to 10 μg/ml, the increased thymidine transport which is associated with the onset of the S phase of the cell cycle is inhibited and DNA synthesis cannot be measured by the labelling of nuclei with radioactive thymidine.Cytochalasin has a differential effect on the early transport changes produced by serum addition. Glucose transport is inhibited by low concentrations of the drug (〈 1 μg/ml) while the enhanced uptake of phosphate and uridine is unaffected by a 10-fold increase in concentration. Although the doses of cytochalasin required for 50% inhibition of hexose uptake and of cell movement are the same, no causal relationship between sugar transport and locomotion can be demonstrated.Cytochalasin affects membrane functions in at least two different ways. The drug inhibits the uptake of glucose directly but affects only the S-phase associated increase in thymidine transport.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 103 (1980), S. 77-85 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) stimulates quiescent Swiss 3T3 cells to initiate DNA synthesis and divide. Cells begin to enter the S-phase after a lag of 13-15 hr, and the rate of initiation of DNA synthesis in the population can be quantified by a first order rate constant, k. A subsaturating concentration of FGF may establish the lag phase, while the value of k is dependent on the FGF concentration present during the second half of the lag phase. Insulin and hydrocortisone enhance the effect of FGF by increasing k without changing the lag phase, and they can act when added at any time after FGF. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) causes a decrease in k and a lengthening of the lag phase, and acts only when added during the first 8 hr. None of these agents stimulate DNA synthesis in the absence of FGF.These results show that the stimulation of growth by FGF follows the same basic pattern as was previously shown with Prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α). However, since hydrocortisone inhibits stimulation by PGF2α when added during the first 4 hr of the lag phase, there are clearly differences in some events stimulated by the two growth factors.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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