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  • 1
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This text analyzes the evolution of the cognitive abilities of Brazilian youth as measured by Programme for International Student Assessment (Pisa). Our results are quite positive. In spite of an increase of youth eligible for the PISA universe and, therefore, a reduction in selectivity, Brazil's average score increased 33 points over the last decade. Brazil's position also improved when compared to that of other countries as its average score increased from 75% to 80% of the average of the original Pisa 2000 country group. In distributive terms, the greatest score increases were observed at the lower tail of the cognitive ability distribution. The upper tail of the mathematics distribution saw its average score increase by nearly 30 points, while at the lower tail the increase was close to 70 points.
    Keywords: I21 ; ddc:330
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: The effect of school inputs upon educational outcomes has been extensively studies in the literature but there are still no conclusions as to its impacts. This paper presents results that suggest a strong impact of inputs upon age-grade lag for Brazilian primary schools between 1998 and 2005. We use more than one estimation method, but the results we believe are those from a fixed effects model based upon a panel of schools. The data come from the annual School Census from 1998 to 2005 which provides information on a cohort of 132.603 schools; municipal data come from the 2000 Demographic Census. Our most important result is that school inputs have strong positive effects upon educational outcomes, particularly in the case of those schools whose inputs are especially low.
    Keywords: I21 ; ddc:330 ; Bildungsinvestition ; Allgemeinbildende Schule ; Bildungsabschluss ; Brasilien
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper investigates the main determinants of grade repetition using the Brazilian school census between 2007 and 2010. For the first time such a study is conducted with all students in a panel. We begin with a brief analysis of attrition in the school census and then estimate logistic regressions for the probability of non-approval year-by-year. Variables of physical disability, repetition in the previous year and length of the school day are the most important determinants. Finally, we estimate a panel logit considering time effects.
    Keywords: I21 ; C33 ; C35 ; ddc:330
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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