Technetium-99m sestamibi uptake in human breast carcinoma cell lines displaying glutathione-associated drug-resistance
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract An in vitro study was designed to evaluate the uptake of sestamibi (MIBI) in P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and glutathione-associated (GSH) multidrug-resistant (MDR) cell lines. MIBI uptake was studied in various human breast carcinoma cell lines, i.e. in wild-type (MCF7/wt) cells, in adriamycin-resistant (MCF7/adr) cells which express Pgp and in melphalan-resistant (MCF7/mph) cells with increased levels of GSH. The effects of buthiomine sulphoximine (BSO) and verapamil on MIBI uptake were also studied in the MCF7/mph and MCF7/adr cells respectively. The cells were incubated for 1 h with a dose of 0.1 MBq thallium-201 and technetium-99m MIBI. Both MIBI and201Tl uptakes were higher for MCF7/mph cells than for the other cells studied. The mean MIBI uptake in MCF7/adr cells was significantly lower than that in MCF7/wt cells (1.9%±0.5% vs 3.1%.0.6%;P 〈0.01). Verapamil treatment increased the MIBI uptake in MCF7/adr cells (to 2.6%.0.3%;P 〈0.05). Treatment of MCF7/mph cells with BSO resulted in a significant reduction in GSH content (from 243.2±81.1 nmoUmg protein to 17.6±4.4 nmol/mg protein;P 〈0.001). However, MIBI uptake in BSO-treated and untreated MCF7/mph cells was similar (4.43%±0.5% and 5.93%±1.7%, respectively;P 〉0.1). This study suggests that the uptake of MIBI is not diminished by glutathione-associated drug resistance and that MIBI uptake in a tumour sample does not necessarily indicate that a cancer is sensitive to drugs.
Type of Medium: