Polymer and Materials
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Organophilic montmorillonite was obtained by the reaction of montmorillonite (MON) and distearyldimethylammonium chloride (DSAC). The modified clay and poly(l-lactide), (PLLA), were solvent-cast blended using chloroform as cosolvent. The structure and properties of the PLLA-clay blends were investigated. Thermal measurements revealed that cold crystallization took place in the as-cast PLLA, and that the clay served as a nucleating agent. From small and wide-angle x-ray scattering measurements, it was found that silicate layers forming the clay could not be individually well dispersed in the PLLA-clay blends prepared by the solvent-cast method. In other words, the clay existed in the form of tactoids, which consist of several stacked silicate monolayers. However, these tactoids formed a remarkable geometrical structure in the blend films. That is, their surfaces lay almost parallel to the film surface, and were stacked with the insertion of PLLA crystalline lamellae in the thickness direction of the film. During the blend drawing process, fibrillation took place with the formation of plane-like voids developed on the plane parallel to the film surface. Furthermore, delamination of the silicate layers did not occur even under the application of a shearing force. Finally, Young's modulus of the blend increased with the addition of a small amount of the clay. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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