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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Wiesbaden : Betriebswirtschaftlicher Verlag Gabler
    Person(s): Jager, Martin
    Keywords: Familienbetrieb ; Klein- und Mittelbetrieb ; Internationalisierung ; Prozessmanagement ; Hochschulschrift ; Familienbetrieb ; Klein- und Mittelbetrieb ; Internationalisierung ; Prozessmanagement
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (XXI, 300 S.)
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    ISBN: 9783834924476 , 9783834960016
    Series Statement: Gabler research : Handel und Internationales Marketing
    RVK:
    Language: German
    Dissertation note: Zugl.: Trier, Univ., Diss., 2009
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  • 2
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    Helsinki: The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER)
    Publication Date: 2020-01-24
    Description: This study represents the first attempt at an integrated approach to assessing the potential impacts of climate change on the national economy of South Africa via a number of (but not necessarily all) impact channels. The study focuses on outcomes by about 2050. The results show the multiple impacts of climate change and the importance of spatial and temporal variation in these impacts. The study focused in particular on the potential impacts of climate change on the water supply sector, dry-land agriculture, hydropower, roads infrastructure costs and sea level rise. These factors have not been previously considered in a fully integrated way for South Africa. The study considers two future global emissions scenarios - an Unconstrained Emission Scenario (UCE) where global policies to reduce emissions fail to materialize and a Level 1 Stabilization Scenario (L1S) where aggressive emissions policies are pursued. Based on the full range of impact channels considered, economic impacts are showed to be potentially significant particularly resulting from additional roads infrastructure costs and variability in dryland agricultural yields, with only limited impacts due to variability in the ability to supply future water demands. The total impact of climate change on the level of real GDP by about 2050 is found to range between -3.8% and 0.3% compared with a fictional 'no climate change' baseline. While positive outcomes are possible, results indicate that, for the very large majority of climate futures, the impact on total GDP will be negative. The median result shows that by 2050, South Africa's real GDP level will be about 1.5% lower than in the baseline scenario. This translates into a 0.03 percentage point decline in average annual real GDP growth rate. The net present value of the potential impact on GDP out to 2050 is highly variable, ranging from losses of R 930 billion to gains of R 310 billion (real 2007 Rand). About 96% of the climates scenarios show overall losses. The median loss in NPV is approximately Rand 259 billion which, at more than 10% of 2007 GDP, is sizeable and should motivate for action in terms of both mitigation and consideration and funding of potential adaptation scenarios.
    Keywords: O5 ; O2 ; Q54 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; climate change ; South Africa ; runoff ; streamflow ; uncertainty ; water resources ; crop yields ; roads ; sea-level rise ; impacts ; adaptation ; economic growth ; development
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Berlin: Humboldt University of Berlin, Collaborative Research Center 649 - Economic Risk
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: While virtually all currency crisismodels recognise that the fate of a currency peg depends on how tenaciously policy makers defend it, they seldom model how this is done. We incorporate themechanics of speculation and the interest rate defence against it in the model ofMorris and Shin (American Economic Review 88, 1998). Our model captures that the interest rate defence reduces speculators’ profits and thus postpones the crisis. It predicts that well before the fall of a currency interest rates are increased to offset the buildup of exchange market pressure, and this then unravels in a sharp depreciation. This pattern is at odds with predictions of standard models, but we show that it fits well with reality.
    Keywords: E58 ; F31 ; F33 ; G15 ; ddc:330 ; Exchange market pressure ; currency crisis ; interest rate defence ; global game ; Devisenspekulation ; Währungskrise ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Devisenmarkt ; Spieltheorie ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: The eurozone crisis has revealed certain shortcomings of the EMU, such as its vulnerability to asymmetric shocks and its inability to act as predicted by the theory of optimum currency areas. Although the share of intra-EU trade has increased since the introduction of the euro, dissimilarities in economic structure combined with high degrees of industrial specialisation have increased the EMU's vulnerability to asymmetric shocks. Moreover, the lack of labour mobility or a transfer payment system limits the EMU's crisis adjustment capabilities. However, most of the implemented and proposed stabilisation measures seek to remedy this vulnerability by promoting economic integration, further fiscal discipline and debt redemption.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Eurozone ; Makroökonomischer Einfluss ; Optimaler Währungsraum ; EU-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 5
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    Amsterdam and Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: If there is exchange market pressure (EMP), monetary authorities can use the interest rate and official interventions to offset this depreciation tendency, or they can let the exchange rate change. We introduce a new approach to derive how these three variables should be combined to measure EMP. This approach differs from existing methods, because it is model—free and requires only few assumptions. It implies that the interest rate should be taken in levels, not in the first—difference form typically used, and the level should be taken relative to the interest rate chosen if the country had no external economic objectives. This makes our measure more in line with economic sense. An illustration of EMP measures for the EMS crises in 1992—1993 shows that our adaptation also makes sense in practice.
    Keywords: E58 ; F31 ; F33 ; G15 ; ddc:330 ; EMP ; EMS crisis ; exchange rate regime ; monetary policy ; real interest differential ; temporal aggregation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
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    Amsterdam and Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: While virtually all modern models of exchange rate crises recognise that the decision to abandon an exchange rate peg depends on how harshly policy makers are willing to defend the regime, they virtually never model how the exchange rate is defended. In this paper we incorporate both the mechanics of speculation and a defence policy against speculation in the well-known currency crisis model of Morris and Shin (American Economic Review 88 (1998) 587-97). After adding these natural elements, our model outperforms standard currency crisis models at explaining stylised features of speculative attacks. Moreover, our model connects the theoretical currency crisis literature to an empirical literature on exchange market pressure, by bringing together its building blocks: exchange rate changes plus counter-acting defence policies. We use this connection to confirm our model's predictions empirically.
    Keywords: E58 ; F31 ; F33 ; G15 ; ddc:330 ; Exchange Market Pressure ; Currency Crisis ; Global Game ; Währungsspekulation ; Währungskrise ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Devisenmarkt ; Spieltheorie ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: It is commonly accepted that universities are a source of new knowledge and an important part of innovation systems. Innovation and new knowledge are key drivers for regional economic growth and the economy of knowledge-based societies. Yet, regardless how prosperous universities' research establishments prove to be, success in terms of economic effects and economically successful application strongly depends on how effectively the gathered knowledge and created innovation is transferred to society, the industry, and innovation networks. Therefore, the organization and governance of knowledge transfer has become an important strategic issue for universities. In times of performance related allocation of funds, this holds especially true for German universities of applied sciences, as they are very dependent on contract research and successful knowledge transfer as a source of funding for research activities. The interface of research and application of knowledge offers high potential - both for success and failure. Several models of governance and support exist. Governments and universities invest millions in transfer departments with a diversity of jobs and tasks. Some financially encourage research and knowledge transfer in general. Others are convinced that only very successful establishments should be supported. Support can be organized centrally or peripheral in the university departments, in private companies or private-public-partnerships. The proposed paper investigates models of organizing and supporting knowledge transfer focusing on German universities of applied sciences. By developing a composition of important indicators and applying empirical analysis on nationwide databases, seven best practice examples are identified. Further best practices analysis is accomplished by online research, site and region inspection and expert interviews with the universities' representatives for knowledge transfer. The investigation proves that successful knowledge transfer depends on both internal and external factors. External factors often have strong influence and offer a high potential that needs to be realized, but can hardly be influenced. Analyzing the internal factors, it is underlined that no perfect way for organizing and managing knowledge transfer exists. But investigating the varying successful models, several conform features and interesting similarities can be identified.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Knowledge Transfer ; German Universities of Applied Sciences ; Best Practices Analysis
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 8
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    Frankfurt a. M.: Deutsche Bundesbank
    Publication Date: 2020-04-23
    Description: We introduce a novel simulation-based network approach, which provides full-edged distributions of potential interbank losses. Based on those distributions we propose measures for (i) systemic importance of single banks, (ii) vulnerability of single banks, and (iii) vulnerability of the whole sector. The framework can be used for the calibration of macro-prudential capital charges, the assessment of systemic risks in the banking sector, and for the calculation of banks' interbank loss distributions in general. Our application to German regulatory data from End-2016 shows that the German interbank network was at that time in general resilient to the default of large banks, i.e. did not exhibit substantial contagion risk. Even though up to four contagion defaults could occur due to an exogenous shock, the system-wide 99.9% VaR barely exceeds 1.5% of banks' CET 1 capital. For single institutions, however, we found indications for elevated vulnerabilities and hence the need for a close supervision.
    Keywords: G17 ; G21 ; G28 ; ddc:330 ; Interbank contagion ; credit risk ; systemic risk ; loss simulation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
    Book
    Book
    Wildau
    Keywords: Deutschland: Infrastrukturabgabengesetz ; Straßenbenutzungsgebühr ; Hochschulschrift ; Straßenbenutzungsgebühr ; Deutschland: Infrastrukturabgabengesetz 2015
    Abstract: Wirtschaft / Recht
    Additional Material: 1 CD-ROM
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 39 Blätter
    Language: German
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Technische Hochschule
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  • 10
    Book
    Book
    Wildau
    Keywords: Persönlichkeitsrecht ; Hochschulschrift ; Persönlichkeitsrecht
    Abstract: Wirtschaft / Recht
    Additional Material: 1 CD-ROM
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIV, 104 Blätter
    Language: German
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Technische Hochschule
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