WILBERT

Wildauer Bücher+E-Medien Recherche-Tool

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • ddc:330  (82)
Collection
Language
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: This paper takes advantage of a new source of information – the Gallup World Poll 2006 – to estimate and characterize income poverty and inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) at the country level, and to compare LAC estimates to those in other regions of the world. The Gallup survey has the advantage of being conducted in over 130 nations with almost the same questionnaire in all countries, and then it stands as a complement to national household surveys for international comparison purposes.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Intergenerationale Übertragung ; Argentinien
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2015-09-11
    Description: The study of corruption is attracting lot of attention in recent years. Focusing on the economic consequences of corruption, the empirical evidence points to a positive relation between institutional integrity, or absence of corruption, and economic growth. Although most developed countries tend to have lower corruption than less developed ones, there exists significant variation within OECD countries. As an example, it may be observed that the gap in perceived corruption between the Nordic countries and southern Europe is larger than the gap between southern Europe and the average of the emerging economies. In this context, the objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of corruption on economic performance in a sample of OECD countries during the period 1980-2000. Specifically, we study the effect of corruption on productivity and efficiency change, trying to determine whether productivity growth is greater in countries with lower corruption. To this end, different productivity measures are compared by considering both output per worker and Total Factor Productivity (TFP). Furthermore, TFP change is decomposed into efficiency change and technological progress by means of Malmquist productivity indices. On the basis of this of this decomposition we will analyze whether corruption affect TFP growth via efficiency gains or technological change, thus gaining insight into the channels through which corruption influence economic growth.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Amsterdam and Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute
    Publication Date: 2013-11-13
    Description: In this paper we provide further evidence on the suitability of the median of the point VaR forecasts of a set of models as a GFC-robust strategy by using an additional set of new extreme value forecasting models and by extending the sample period for comparison. These extreme value models include DPOT and Conditional EVT. Such models might be expected to be useful in explaining financial data, especially in the presence of extreme shocks that arise during a GFC. Our empirical results confirm that the median remains GFC-robust even in the presence of these new extreme value models. This is illustrated by using the S&P500 index before, during and after the 2008-09 GFC. We investigate the performance of a variety of single and combined VaR forecasts in terms of daily capital requirements and violation penalties under the Basel II Accord, as well as other criteria, including several tests for independence of the violations. The strategy based on the median, or more generally, on combined forecasts of single models, is straightforward to incorporate into existing computer software packages that are used by banks and other financial institutions.
    Keywords: G32 ; G11 ; G17 ; C53 ; C22 ; ddc:330 ; Value-at-Risk (VaR) ; DPOT ; daily capital charges ; robust forecasts ; violation penalties ; optimizing strategy ; aggressive risk management ; conservative risk management ; Basel ; global financial crisis ; Finanzkrise ; Basler Akkord ; Portfolio-Management ; Risikomaß ; Prognoseverfahren ; Extremwerttheorie ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Low-quality infrastructure services are persistent in developing countries, a situation mainly affecting the poorest households in contexts of high rates of informal access and heavily subsidized services. This paper exploits choice experiments, specifically designed for formal and informal users, to examine whether households in this situation are willing to pay for electricity service improvements. The analysis takes place in urban Dominican Republic, a country with one of the highest rates of electricity theft and lowest quality of services. The results strongly indicate that households value service improvements, showing average willingness to pay around US$9 for informal users, and 22 percent for formal users with service deficiencies. The estimated valuations are significantly heterogeneous across households, and such variance is mainly explained by household income, satisfaction with the electricity service, and household characteristics, such as family size and dwelling size. These results indicate substantial welfare losses derived from low-quality electricity services equivalent to over 35 percent of the direct fiscal subsidy to the utilities.
    Keywords: C25 ; C93 ; D12 ; Q41 ; ddc:330 ; Willingness to pay ; Choice experiments ; Hypothetical bias ; Stated preferences ; Mixed logit ; Quality of electricity services ; Electricity subsidies ; Informal electricity access
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: The paper investigates the determinants of household energy spending and energy budget shares, with a focus on understanding their non-linear relationship with income, and the presence of economies of scale. The analysis is based on a unique, harmonized collection of official household surveys from 13 Latin American countries. This dataset allows distinguishing between expenditures on electricity, domestic gas, and fuel for private transportation, providing a comprehensive distributional view of the energy spending profile of the residential sector. The estimated empirical Engel curves behave similarly; however, the derived income elasticities show marked distinctions by fuel, and their actual values depend on the households' relative position over the income distribution. For electricity, the elasticity tends to increase in income but stabilize at the wealthiest segments. For gas and transport fuel, it decreases under different income paths. In this dataset, the examination returns income elasticities on the (0,1) interval, suggesting that energy commodities are necessity goods. However, the distribution of aggregate energy expenditure needs to be considered. Specifically, there is a great concentration among the richer groups, particularly for transport fuels, where the top quintile gathers more than half of the aggregate spending. The results also indicate economies of scale - for electricity and domestic gas - with respect to family-age composition, and to a lesser extent with respect to dwelling size. In the case of electricity, these economies are more pronounced for richer households. These results join the previous literature in emphasizing the relevance of taking into account household demographic and socioeconomic trends for energy management.
    Keywords: D12 ; Q41 ; ddc:330 ; Energy expenditures ; Engel curves ; household surveys ; Latin American countries
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: The Economics of Happiness is an area of the economy that emerged as an alternative for measuring the quality of life of people from the perspective of subjective well-being. Most of happiness studies study the determinants of happiness and relationships with economic, social and psychological variables. In this context exist evidence of a positive correlation between happiness and productivity of workers. However, some authors argue that the causality between the two variables can go in both ways. The following paper analyzes the shape in which a increment of productivity self-declared of people that live in the city of La Paz, reflects changes in their level of subjective well-being using data panel and cross-sectional analysis. To this end three variables are analyzed, the first consists in levels of productivity self-reported by individuals over time, the last two are proxy measures of productivity. Among the most important findings is found that people who declare themselves more productive are happier, however, when productivity is measured with more objective proxy variables it shows that productivity could be affecting other dimensions such as family or social relationships which reduces happiness.
    Keywords: D03 ; J24 ; ddc:330 ; Economics of Happiness ; Determinants of Happiness ; Productivity
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This article presents an analytical reformulation of the Marshall-Lerner condition under the assumption that, in open economies where the share of exports or flows of imports relative to GDP is high, the independence between GDP and the exchange rate cannot be applied. The analytical model attempts to explain the potential impacts of exchange rate devaluation on the trade balance, by decomposing the total effect according to the degree of simultaneity between exports and imports flows.
    Keywords: F41 ; ddc:330 ; condición de Marshall-Lerner ; simultaneidad flujos de exportaciones e importaciones ; elasticidades-precio ; elasticidades cruzadas
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: Is the Andean economic rationality different to the rationality of the conventional economic model? This is the question that motivated this research work. To carry out this research we start reviewing the literature on the subject, which gave us certain guidelines that the behavior of the economic agents is different in correspondence to their cultural adherence; however, the empirical corroboration based on the household survey has not validated this hypothesis.
    Keywords: D12 ; ddc:330 ; Rationality ; wage gap ; returns to education
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Keywords: I20 ; O33 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Keywords: C65 ; D53 ; E44 ; F37 ; G12 ; G15 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...