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  • 1
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: Although there is a general recognition in the literature that training improves a firm's performance, empirical research does not always provide evidence to support this effect. One possible explanation is that training does not have a direct effect on performance but an indirect effect by improving other organizational outcomes. This paper suggests that organizational learning is one of those variables and that it mediates the relationship between training and performance and that the adoption of a learning-oriented training enhances performances through its positive effect on organizational learning. Using a sample of Spanish firms we obtain empirical evidence, which supports the view that this mediating effect is present."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Training ; Performance ; Organizational learning ; Mediation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 2
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: This paper studies the impact of formal education on entrepreneurship rates. We propose that different levels of education not only vary between each other in terms of their impact, but also according to whether we analysis either formal or informal entrepreneurship. Our results show that tertiary education increases formal entrepreneurship as a consequence of the higher self-confidence, lower perceived risk and enhanced human capital. At the same time, tertiary education also has a negative effect on informal entrepreneurship as it increases awareness of and sensitivity to the possible negative repercussions of this kind of activities. In addition, we show that the impact of secondary education on formal entrepreneurship is positive as well, although in this case the effect on informal entrepreneurship is not significant. Even though secondary education also increases awareness of the potential negative repercussions of informal entrepreneurship, this effect is counteracted by a lack of management skills."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Formal entrepreneurship ; Informal entrepreneurship ; Secondary education ; Tertiary education ; Education enrolment
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
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    Mering: Rainer Hampp Verlag
    Publication Date: 2020-05-20
    Description: This paper carries out an empirical assessment of the influence relationship between personal attitudes and several measures of social capital in some Central European Countries (CEC). Using the World Values Survey dataset, the model measures three main social capital dimensions (institutional trust, social participation and political participation) and four personal attitudes factors (collectiveness, education, gender differences and work). The analysis provides relevant information about personal determinant of social capital, in its political approach and, also, about the key role of institutional trust for civic engagement in social and political participation.
    Description: Dieser Artikel führt eine empirische Untersuchung über den Einfluss der Beziehung zwischen persönlichen Eigenschaften und verschiedenen Maßzahlen von Sozialkapital in mehreren zentraleuropäischen Ländern durch. Das Modell zieht den Datensatz des World Values Survey heran und misst drei Hauptdimensionen von Sozialkapital (Vertrauen in Institutionen, gesellschaftliche und politische Teilhabe). Außerdem bestimmt es noch vier Faktoren für persönliche Eigenschaften (Kollektivität, Erziehung, Geschlechterunterschiede und Arbeit) durch synthetische Indikatoren. Die Analyse liefert, in ihrer politischen Herangehensweise, relevante Informationen über die Bestimmungsgröße von Sozialkapital und über die Schlüsselrolle von Vertrauen in Institutionen für bürgerliches Engagement bei gesellschaftlicher und politischer Teilhabe.
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Central European countries ; civic engagement ; PLS models ; social capital ; trust
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 4
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    Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-04
    Description: The effectiveness of social interaction depends strongly on an ability to coordinate actions efficiently. In large networks, such coordination may be very difficult to achieve and may depend on the communication technology and the network structure. We examine how pre-play communication and clustering within networks affect coordination in a challenging experimental game on eight-person networks. Free-form chat is enormously effective in achieving the nonequilibrium efficient outcome in our game, but restricted communication (where subjects can only indicate their intended action) is almost entirely ineffective. We can rationalize this result with a novel model about the credibility of cheap-talk messages. This credibility is much larger with freeform message communication than with restricted communication. We are the first to model this credibility and show, both theoretically and experimentally, an interaction effect of network structure and communication technologies. We also provide a model of message diffusion, which indeed predicts that diffusion will be more rapid without clustering and is consistent with our data.
    Keywords: C71 ; C91 ; D03 ; D85 ; ddc:330 ; networks ; clustering ; communication ; credibility ; cheap talk ; experiment
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: What factors influence consumers to choose a bank with which to contract a service in a situation of information asymmetry? In this situation the firm has more information than consumers, and this fact generates consumer uncertainty due to a possible firm opportunistic behaviour. To reduce it, consumers can use, on one hand, signals that the bank sends to the market, such as reputation, and on the other hand, they can seek for more informal information, such as positive word-of-mouth communication from relatives and friends, to generate or increase trust, and through this variable, to develop an intention o contract with a specific bank and not others. Relations among those variables were tested with a sample of 155 bank users when they have not still worked with a specific bank. Results indicate the importance both of the reputation signal and of the positive information received of acquaintances and relatives to trust, but with differences according to the level of perceived ex ante uncertainty moderate those relations.
    Keywords: M31 ; ddc:650 ; bank ; trust ; reputation ; uncertainty ; word-of-mouth
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 6
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: One of the business models that attracts scholars and professionals’ interest is mobile commerce. This paper applies the theory of shopping preference to this field. It analyzes the role of personal factors (perceived control and propensity to use technology), social factors (influence of a social group), and epistemic factors (compatibility) to determine consumers’ attitude toward mobile advertising (madvertising) and mobile repurchase (m-repurchase). The information of 973 mobile shoppers is analyzed in two contexts (Spain as a developed country and Mexico as a developing country). A positive attitude toward m-advertising is confirmed to increase m-repurchase through the mobile phone and the indirect influence of personal, social, and epistemic factors on shoppers m-repurchase (through the attitude toward m-advertising) varies depending on the analyzed market.
    Keywords: M3 ; ddc:650 ; Attitude ; Mobile ; M-repurchase
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 7
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: The consumer ethnocentrism tendencies scale (CETSCALE) was developed by Shimp and Sharma in 1987 to measure consumer ethnocentrism. It is one of the most commonly used scales in the marketing literature. As well as the original 17-item version, there are many empirical applications using other adapted versions of CETSCALE. These versions differ in terms of the number (and composition) of items, incorporating additional items and even accounting for the nationality of the foreign products under study. Some of these papers question the unidimensionality of such a scale. We intend to analyse the dimensionality of the CETSCALE. In order to do this, an extensive review of previous studies that have considered CETSCALE—whatever the version—is developed. In addition, we analyse the dimensionality of an adapted version of the CETSCALE including the product category (vegetables) under study. Our results support the multidimensionality of the CETSCALE."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Ethnocentrism ; CETSCALE ; Consumer
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 8
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Nowadays tourism is one of the most important sectors of our country, and no one has any doubt about importance of sport for the economy. Both concepts create “sports tourism”, and “sporting events” are its greatest exponent that is having special importance both at academic and at the economic and social levels. Taking into account the above, this research aims to analyze socioeconomic impact of the paddle tournament “Caceres International Open 2013”. The CBA methodology will be used; its main objective is to calculate a benefit/cost ratio analyzing the contribution made by two groups of respondents (attendees and participants). Among final conclusions of this study we establish different groups of stakeholders, and this methodology can be applied to these groups to value the impact of sporting events. It has also been found out that the contribution made by public institutions has economic effects in other sectors of the city; so sporting events can be considered a complement of the tourism sector.
    Description: En la actualidad el sector turístico es uno de los sectores más importantes de nuestro país, además hoy en día nadie duda de la gran importancia que tiene el deporte en la economía. Ambos conceptos originan el “Turismo Deportivo” cuyo máximo exponente son los “eventos deportivos” que en los últimos años está teniendo especial relevancia tanto en el ámbito académico como en el económico y social. Considerando lo anterior, la presente investigación tiene como finalidad realizar un análisis del impacto socioeconómico deltorneo de Pádel “Cáceres International Open 2013”. Para ello, se aplicará lametodología ACB, cuyo principal objetivo es la obtención de una ratio beneficio-coste analizando la contribución que han realizado los encuestados al evento (asistentes y participantes). Entre las conclusiones obtenidas, este estudio aporta los diferentes grupos de interés sobre los que aplicar la metodología para la valoración del impacto en los eventos deportivos. Además se ha constatado que la aportación realizada por parte de las instituciones públicas tiene efectos económicos en otros sectores de la ciudad, de manera que los eventos deportivos pueden ser considerados como un complemento del sector turístico.
    Keywords: A13 ; C67 ; L83 ; ddc:650 ; Economic impact ; Social impact ; Cost/benefit analysis ; Sports tourism ; Impacto económico ; Impacto social ; Análisis coste beneficio ; Turismo deportivo
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 9
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: The paper analyzes the influence of management capabilities on the innovation performance of technology-based SMEs and the role that gender diversity in the top management team plays in this relationship. We use a sample of 205 Spanish SMEs from technology sectors and a hierarchical regression analysis to test our hypotheses. The results confirm that management capabilities affect both product and process innovation positively. In addition, gender diversity in the top management team moderates this relationship positively. In other words, management capabilities have a greater influence on both product and process innovation when the management team is more balanced in number of men and women. This study contributes to better understanding of the factors that explain how management capabilities translate into greater organizational achievements and argues the need to analyze the role of top management teams and their composition more extensively, especially in the context of technology SMEs. The study also contributes new evidence to the small number of studies that analyze the effect of gender diversity in top management teams on innovation."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Management capabilities ; Gender diversity ; Innovation performance ; Top management team
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 10
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: This paper investigates the impact of international shocks - interest rate, commodity price and industrial production shocks - on key macroeconomic variables in ten Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries by using near-VAR models and monthly data from the early 1990s to 2009. In contrast to previous work, the empirical analysis takes explicit account of the possibility of (multiple) structural breaks in the underlying time series. We establish strong evidence of structural breaks, particularly along the years 2007 and 2008, suggesting the very relevant impact of the recent global crisis on CEE economies. Moreover, our results suggest that the way how countries react to world commodity price shocks is related to the underlying economic structure and the credibility of the monetary policy. We also find that some countries like Slovakia and Slovenia - already euro area members - react stronger to foreign industrial production shocks than other countries and that the responses to such shocks are strongly correlated for selected CEE countries. Nevertheless, our results also shed light on substantial differences in responses to foreign interest rate shocks that originate from the US or the euro area.
    Keywords: E43 ; E50 ; E52 ; C22 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; monetary policy ; foreign shocks ; multiple structural breaks ; near-VAR model ; CEE economies ; Schock ; Zins ; International ; Weltkonjunktur ; Makroökonomischer Einfluss ; VAR-Modell ; Schätzung ; Ostmitteleuropa
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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